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16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Empirical Evidence
Information derived from systematic, objective observation.
Naturalistic Observation
Research method involving the systematic study of animal or human behavior in natural settings rather than in the laboratory.
Observer Bias
Expectations or biases of the observer that might distort or influence his or her interpretation of what was actually observed.
Case Study
Intensive description and analysis of a single individual or just a few individuals.
Survey Research
Research technique in which questionnaires or interviews are administered to a selected group of people.
Correlation Research
Research technique based on the naturally occurring relationship between two or more variables.
Experimental Method
A research technique in which an investigator deliberately manipulates selected events or circumstances and then measures the effects of those manipulations on the subsequent behavior
Participants (Subjects)
Individuals whose reactions or responses are observed in an experiment.
Independent Variable
In an experiment, the variable that is manipulated to test its effects on the other, dependent variables
Dependent Variable
In an experiment, the variable that is measured to see how it is changed by manipulations in the independent variable.
Experimental Group
In a controlled experiment, the group subjected to a change in the independent variable.
Control Group
In a controlled experiment, the group not subjected to a change in the independent variable; used for comparison with the experimental group
Experimenter Bias
Expectations by the experimenter that might influence the results of an experiment or its interpretation.
Selection of cases from a larger population.
Random Sample
Sample in which each potential participant has an equal chance of being selected.
Representative Sample
Sample carefully chosen so that the characteristics of the participants correspond closely to the characteristics of the larger population.