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188 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Literally the word religion means:
A. Meditate on
B. Worship
C. Connect Again
D. Rise Above
C. Connect Again
A common elemnt often found in religions is:

A. Respect for Sculpture
B. Feelings of Wonder
C. Rules governing meditation
D. Use of Permanent Places of worship
B. Feelings of Wonder
The prophetic orientation in religion emphasizes:
A. Ceremonies
B. Feelings of oneness with the universe
C. Traditions
D. Beliefs and moral codes
D. Beliefs and Moral Codse
The early anthropologist who saw religion as rooted in belief in spirits and worship of them was
A. E.B. Tylor
B. James Frazer
C. Sigmund Freud
D. Carl Jung
B. James Frazer
Sigmund Freud, when analyzing the origin of religion emphasized
A. The human need for psychological security
B. The certainty of an afterlife
C. His belief that religions were essential to psychological health
D. the valuable role that religions play in assisting people to find meaning in their lives
A. The human need for psychological Security
The disciple of Freud who ultimately rebelled against him was
A. Carl Jung
B. Wilhelm Schmidt
C. Rudolf Otto
D.Cliford Gertz
A. Carl Jung
William Schmidt, an Austrain Philologist, argued that human beings originally believed in:
A. One God
B. Two Gods of Equal Importance
C. Multiple gods of Nature
D. No god
A. One God
Belief in Many gods is called:
A. Polytheism
B. Monotheism
C. Agnosticism
D. Atheism
A. Polytheism
A mystical Orientation in religion is characterized by:
A. An emphasis on mysterious Happenings
B. Seeking union with something greater than oneself
C. Extensive use of holy water and statues
D. A belief in alien origins of life forms
B. Seeking union with something greater than oneself
A sacramental Orientation in religion is characterized by:
A. Daily prayer
B. Use of silent meditation
C. Extensive use of bells and powders
D. A belief that certain rituals and ceremonies help one achieve salvation
D. A belief that certain rituals and ceremonies help one achieve salvation
Anthropology typically studies religions as:
A. Cultural creations with multiple aspects.
B. Clusters of sacred buildings, rivers, and mountains
C. Systems of philosophical explanation of the universe
D. Artifacts of superior beings
A. Cultural Creations with multiple aspects
A Universal religious symol that is circular or, or that blends a cirle and a square is called a
A. Mandala
B. Mundra
C. Manta
D. Megalith
A. Mandala
The prophetic orientation in religion is particular strong in:
A. Preotestant Christianity
B. Tibetan Buddhism
C. Vedic Hinduism
D. Taoism
A. Protestant Christianity
Pantheism is the belief:
A. That all reality is divine
B. in the ancient Greek Religion that the god Pan was the source of cosmic order
C. In endless reincarnation
D. In a timeless realm of happiness at te top of the universe
A. That all reality is Divine
One religion that particularly values and makes use of silence is:
A. Shinto
B. Judaism
C. Zen Buddhism
D. Islam
C. Zen Buddhism
One name of an early Female Deity was:
A. Wotan
B. Mercury
C. Astarte
D. Izanagi
C. Astarte
In religious studies, the word myth means
A. A story that is historically true
B. A story that is historically untrue
C. A story that is psychologically meaningful and may be either historically true or not
D. A story that is found in similar form of many religions
C. A story that is psychologically meaningful and may be either historically true or not
Literally, philosophy in Greek means
A. great system
B. World Study
C Careful Analysis
D. Love of Wisdom
D. Love of wisdom
A major French artist created a large painting with the title of Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going? The artist's name was:
A. Pierre Bonnard
B. Paul Gauguin
C.Rosa Bonheaur
D. Claude Monet
B. Paul Gauguin
Among Many reasons, religions exist to help people
A. Deal with the certainty of death
B. Find ways to express themselves in art
C. Select careers that are socially redeeming
D. Have valuable texts to study
A. Deal with the certaiinty of death
The Scottish anthropologist who was the author of the multibvolume study of mythology called The Golden Gough was
A. James Frazer
B. C.G.Jung
C. Sigmund Freud
D. E.B. Tylor
A. James Frazer
The German Theologian who held that religions originate in human response to the mysterious side of reality was:
A. Rudolf Otton
B. Carl Jung
C. Karl Rahner
D. Dietrich Bonhoeffer
A. Rudolf Otto
The american thinker who argued that religion brought a new vitalirt to people's lives was
A. James Frazer
B. William James
C. E.B. Tylor
D. Carl Jung
B. William James
Literally psychology means,
A. Study of nature
B. Internal Structure
C. Study of the soul
D. Procession of Images
C. Study of the soul
What psychologist saw religion as a way for people to find their fulfillment as unique individuals, a process he called " individuation"?
A. Rudolf Otto
B. E.B. Tylor
C. Sigmund Freud
D. Carl Jung
D. Carl Jung
Female Imagery in religions may be seen in
A. Lightning bolts
B. Spirals and eggs
C. Rocks
B. Spirals and eggs
The approach that especially makes use of reason to find answers to religious questions is
A. Psychology
B. Mythology
C. Philosophy
D. Anthropology
C. Philosophy
The conception of time that is found in religions that emphasize a creation and a cosmic purpose is usually
A. Cyclical
B. Linear
C. Repetitive
D. Psychological
B. Linear
That area of investigation that looks for and interprets religious evidence in ancient sites, buldings, and objects is
A. Anthropology
B. Mythology
C. Sociology
D. Archeology
D. Archeology
Literally theology means
A. Discovery of the soul
B. Structure of society
C. Logic of pattern
D. Study of the divine
D. Study of the divine
The sociologist who emphasized that individual religions arise from and press the values of their societies was
A. Geertz
B. Durkheim
C. Malinowski
D. Firth
B. Durkheim
The anthropologist who lived in Sudan Among the Nuer and Azande peoples was
A. Boas
B. Geertz
C. Evans- Pritchard
D. Durkheim
C. Evans- Pritchard
The French Thinker who recognized extraordinary structural similarities in stories told by tribal peolpes of the Americas was
A. Foucault
B. Sartre
C. Derrida
D. Levi-Strauss
D. Levi-Strauss
The French Thinker who sought to go behind and beyond ordinary interpretations, to in essence " deconstruct" texts and other phenomena in search of fresh ways of seeing was
A. Durkheim
B. Derrida
C. Foucault
D. Levi-Strauss
C. Foucault
The analytical approach that carefully investigates individual elements in cultural phenomena, rejecting the quest for univeral structures that might under grid language or religion is
A. Structuralism
B. Existentialism
C. Post-Structuralism
D. Linguistics
C. Post- Structuralism
The analytical approach that studies written texts of religion and even non-written material as reflections of the cultural values and assumptions that produced them is
A. Structuralism
B. Literary Theory
C. Linguistics
D. Post-Structuralism
B. Literary Theory
The Goddess Pele is associated with
A. Childbirth
B. Volcanoes and Fire
C. Brazil
D. The Haida
B. Volcanoes and Fire
Which of the following has been of special value in the new appreciation for and understanding of indigenous religions?
A. The study of newly discovered sacred texts
B. Use of electricity and battery power
C.Ready availability of cameras and recorders
D. The Worldwide Spread of television
C. Ready Availability of Cameras and Recorders
The transmission of indigenous religions is made more difficult by the fact that teachings are often conveyed in ways that are:
A. Relatively impermenent
B. Passed on in symbolic language
C. Known only to initiates
D. Written in unknown languages
A. Relatively impermanent
The teachings of indigenous religions are typically conveyed by all of the following except:
A. Sand Paintings
B. Sacred Scripture
C. Masks and Dance
D. Memorized Chants
B. Sacred Scripture
Biophilia refers to:
A. The Study of Biology
B. The love of all forms of life
C. A methof of studying indigenous religions
D. A kind of hula
B. A love of all forms of life
African Tribal Masks influenced the art of:
A. Pablo Picasso
B. Claude Monet
C. Ralph Vaughan Williams
D. ethnomusicology
A. Pablo Picasso
In holistic culture:
A. Written manuscripts have a special place
B. Children play a prominent role in ritual.
C. Religions express truths through symbolism
D. Virtually every object and act may have religious meaning
D. Virtually every object and act may have religious meaning
Compared with indigenous religions, Today's dominant religions are
A. Much Young
B. Much Older
C. Much more difficult to transmit
D. More Holistic
A. Much Younger
Animism holds that:
A. Animal sacrifice is necessary for ritual purity
B. Mountains are often at the end of sacred paths
C. Animal Nature must be subservient to human beings
D. The life force exists in every part of the universe
D. The Life force Exists in every part of the Universe
Hehaka Sapa, also known as Black Elk, saw the circle as
A. a form in which many elemnts of nature arrange themselves and show similar origin
B. A special form of the calumet
C. Evidence that man must dominate nature
D. Taboo for the people of Easter island
A. A form in which many elements of nature arrange themselves and show similar origin
In hawai'i during the celebration of Makahiki
A. The gods were believed to take on human forms
B. Touching volcanic rock was Kapu
C. People recieved food from the nobles
D. War and heavy work were forbidden
D. War and heavy work were forbidden
The concept of Sacred Space is evident in all of the following except
A. Uluru( Ayers Rock)
B. The pyramids of Teotihuacan
C. Lono
D. Mount Kilimanjaro
C. Lono
Many African religions tell how the High God Created the world and then:
A. Abandoned it
B. Went to Uluru
C. Became the mother of the Pueblo
D. Joined the spirits of the dead
A. Abandoned it
Circumcision is a rite often associated with:
A. entry into adulthood
B. The vision quest
C. The final passing from this life
D. Taboo and sacrifice
A. Entry into adulthood
The sacrifice of an animal may occur:
A. In order to placate a spirit after a taboo has been broken
B. To celebrate the arrival of menarche
C. As an alternative to polygamy
D. As an essential part of the ritual using Amanita Muscaria
A. In order to placate a spirit after a taboo has been broken
A Libation involves
A. The pouring of a liquid on the ground as an offering
B. The shaman's ability to fly through the air
C. The forbidding of incest and marriage among close relatives
D. Vivid dreams and visions
A. The pouring of a liquid on the ground as an offering
A special ability to know or even enter the spirit world is associated with:
A. The shaman
B. The Lakota Bible
C. John Mbiti
D. Animism
A. The shaman
Divination is employed to
A. Compensate for violation of a taboo
B. Restore a woman to the social order after childbirth
C. Read the past or look into the Future
D. Ensure that peyote will be protected by the supreme court
C. Read the past or look into the future
Dancers often wear masks
A. That complement the flowers making up the lei
B. Because they have great memories for oral texts
C. Because birds are often assumed to have protective powers
D. In order to become the spirit represented by the mask
D. In order to become the spirit represented by the mask
Christmas, though a christian holiday, began as a celebration of
A. The old english goddess of dawn
B. The winter solstice
C. Samhain in Ireland
D. The return of ancestral spirits to the world
B. The Winter solstice
Indigenous religions today are especially threatened by:
A. Destruction of habitat
B. Ecotourism
C. resistance to the spread of television
D. The weakness of the logging
A. Destruction of habitat
Maori Religion is part of the Cultural Rebirth in
A. New Zealand
B. New Mexico
C. New Guinea
D. Australia
A. New Zea land
The Calumet is a:
A. Pipe
B. Drum
C. Mask
D. Sand Paiting
A. Pipe
Until Recently, oral religions were looked at as:
A. Too Involve with symbolism
B. Primitive and Undeveloped
C. Overly Complex
D. A peak of religious early insight
B. Primitive and undeveloped
Sacred Time tends to focus on the
A. Distant Future
B. Immediate Future
C. Present
D. Distant Past
D. Distant Past
Sacred Space is often constituted by:
A. a great mountain or tree
B. The construction of a skyscraper
C. The command of a ruler
D. the veneration of a sacred book
A. a great mountain or tree
The vision quest in Native American religions
A. has often been associated with marriage ceremonies
B. Is frequently undergone at the time of adolescence
C. always makes use of hallucinatory herbs
d. is a part of preparing for death
B. Is frequently undergone at the time of adolescence
Important Times in the development of the individual are often marked in indigenous religions by ceremonies. These are commonly called:
A. initiatory ceremonies
B. Circumambulations
C. scarification
D. Rites of Passage
D. Rites of Passage
The belief that all elements of the world are inhabited by spirits or spirit is called
A. Divination
B. Naturalism
C. Spiritualism
D. animism
D. Ainimism
Indigenous religions
A. Frequently make little or no distinction between a god and an ancestor
B. Make clear distinctions between natural and supernatural
C. Frequently value androgyny
D. Almost always mark marriage with public religious ceremonies
A. Frequently make little or no distinction between a god or an ancestor
The Sioux term wakan means:
A. holy mysterious
B. Mountain god
C. Sky, Space
D. Brightness
A. Holy Mysterious
Joseph Campbell in his books has strongly recommended reading the myths of many religions. Doing this, he says,
A. Gives us a sense of the great variet of creation stories
B. Makes us more tolerant of other religions
C. Sharpens our appreciation for storytelling and drama
D. Show us the symbolic meaning that underlies religious stories
D. Shows us the symbolic meaning that underlies religious stories
The term Poro refers to
A. A mourning ritual performed at the death of a religious leader
B. A secret initiation society for males
C. The general name for the dried powders used for Navajo sand paintings
D. A dance of the Lakota People
B. A secret initiation society for males
Very common to the vision quest is
A. creating a sand painting
B. dancing for several days
c. memorizing the names of ancestors
d. fasting
D. Fasting
A. are quite similar in most societies
B. Are social rewards for good deeds
C. Often exist regarding sex, marriage, and birth
D. are not found in some societies
D. Are not found in some societies
To " atone " means
A. To do something to show regret for the wrongdoing
B. To eat food that has been ritually offered on an altar
C. To consult spirits, usually though a shaman
D. To pour out a liquid as an offering to a god or ancestor
A. To do something to show regret for wrongdoing
In many Native American religions:
A. animals are believed to have been created after humans
B. human beings have an antagonistic relationship with animals
C. human beings and animals are often viewed as coming into existence together
D. Animal Sacrifices are regularly performed
C. Human beings and animals are often viewed as coming into existence together
Sacred time in indigenous religions is
A. cyclical
C. relative
D. Historically focused
A. cyclical
A distinctive part of navaho healing rituals are
a. woven rugs with geometric patterns
b. silver and turquoise jewelry
c. traditional powwow dances
d. sand painting
D. Sand Paintings
A kiva is:
A. a ritual toast offered in special indigenous ceremonies
B. An underground chamber used in rituals
C. a multistoried house
d. a special kind of sand painting
B. An underground chamber used in rituals
Traditional Pueblo Peoples live in
A. multistoried villages
B. Underground rooms called kivas
C. tipis
D. log lodges
A. Multistoried Villages
Pueblo Peoples consider Kachinas to be
A. Gods
B. Spirts of animals, people or plants that can act as guardian spirits
C. humans in full dance regalia
D. Powerful Village Shamans
B.Spirits of animals, people, or plants that can act as guardian spirits .
The word that means liberation is
A. Moksha
B. Karma
C. Ahimsa
D. Maya
A. Moksha
The word Vedas is related to the English Word
A. Visit
B. Vision
C. Vex
D. Vertical
B. Vision
Vedic Worship was primarily
A. offerings to nature gods at fire Altars
B. Solemn circular dances
C. Fasting for a month, beginning at the new moon
D. Silent Meditation
A. Offerings to nature gods at Fire Altars
A characteristic symbolic object associated with Krishna, indicative of the attractive power of the divine, is a
A. Shell
B. Flame
D. Flower
C. Flute
A Mantra is a
A. Sacred Painting
B. Form of meditation
C. Breath Exercise
D.Short Chant
D. Short Chant
What animal is treated with special devotion and care by hindus
A. Snake
B. Monkey
C. elephant
D. Cow
D. Cow
The term for the divine nature of each person is
A. Atman
B. Jnana
C. Moksha
D. Maya
A. Atman
The Vedic God of fire was
A. Soma
B. Indra
C. Agni
D. Varuna
C. Agni
The Hallucinatory drink used in Vedic worship was called
A. Soma
B. Mantra
C. Moksha
D. Maya
A. Soma
The oldest and most important of the Veda is
A. Sama Veda
B Yajur Veda
C. Atharva Veda
D. Rig Veda
D. Rig Veda
The Upanishads are
A. About 100 written works that discuss the nature of the spiritual reality
B. Sacred Diamgrams used in meditation
C. The seven centers of the spiritual energy in the body
D. Poems by Rabindranath Tagore
A. About 100 written works that discuss the nature of the spiritual reality
When was the Bhagavad Gita Written?
A. 2000-150 B.C.E
B 1000-800 B.C.E.
C. 200 B.C.E- 200 C.E.
D. 700-900 C.E.
C. 200 b.c.e-200 c.e
The Bhagvad Gita is part of a long Indian Epic poem called
A. Iliad
B. Purana
C. Gita Govinda
D. Mahabharata
D. Mahabharata
The prince who is counseled by Krishna in the Bhagavd Gita is
A. Arjuna
B. Ganesha
C. Lakshmi
D. Hanuman
A. Arjuna
The term maya may be translated as
A. Liberation
B. Nonharm
C. Bliss
D. Illusion
D. Illusion
Bhakti means
A. Freedom from suffering
B. Studying and sacred texts
C. Devotion to a god
D. Working for the good of others
C. Devotion to a god
The God Rama is frequently paired with
A. Devi
B. Sita
C. Lakshmi
D. Ganesha
B. Sita
The Vedic god of storm and war was
A. Soma
B. Surya
C. Indra
D. Agni
B. Sita
What god- ordinarily show with the face of a monkey- helped return Sita after her abduction to Sri Lanka
A. Hanuman
B. Ganesha
C. Ganga
D. Lakshmi
A. Hanuman
The modern Indian who used nonviolent means to help lead India to independence in 1947 was.
A. Mohandas Gandhi
B. Ram Mohan Roy
C. Rabirndranath Tagore
D. Ramakrishna
A. Mohandas Gandhi
The religious practice of ordinary Hindus is primarily
A. Devotion to deities
B. The practice of meditation
C. Breathing exercises
D. Study of ancient religious texts
A. Devotion to deities
The Law of Moral cause-and-effect- is called the law of
A. Moksha
B. jnana
C. Karma
D. ahimsa
C. Karma
A Hindu social class, sanctioned by relgion is called a
A. Mantra
B. Caste
C. Ahimsa
D. Stratum
B. Caste
Raja yoga is the yoga of
A. Knowledge
B. Physical exercise
C. Meditation
D. Devotion
C. Meditation
A brahmin is a
A. Priest
B. warrior-noble
C. Peasant
D. merchant
A. priest
This god is associated with destruction and rebirth
A. Vishnu
B. Shiva
C. Rama
D. Krishna
B. Shiva
A Major city of the pre-Vedic culture of the Indus River Valley was
A. Harappa
B. Benares
C. Madras
D. Pataliputra
D. Pataliputra
A major city of the pre-Vedic culture of the Indus River Valley was
A. Hatappa
B. Benares
C. Madra
D. Pataliputra
A. Harappa
Om is a well-known example of a
A. Jiva
B. mandala
C. Mantra
D. Yoga
C. Mantra
What Deity is often shown with dark blue skin?
A. Lakshmi
B. Hanuman
C. Shiva
D. Krishna
D. Krishna
A guru is a
A. religious teacher
B. Tree spirit
C. Drink used in Vedic ritual
D. Trance State
A. Religious teacher
An important symbol of Shiva is the
A. Stupa
B. Lingam
C. Banyan tree
D. Candle
B. Lingam
In Hinduism, dharma refers to
A. Postures used in meditation
B. One's social duty
C. A style of drumming
D. Faith in a teacher
B. One's social Duty
The absolutely or divine reality is known as
A. Brahman
B. Brahma
C. Brahmin
D. Bhagavad Gita
A. Brahman
A Sannyasin is a
A. Craftsman or merchant
B. Nature Spirit
C. Warrior-noble
D. Wandering holy man
D. Wandering Holy man
The City of India considered most sacred by the Hindus is
A. Mumbai(Bombay)
B. Goa
C. Patna
D. Benares(Varanasi)
D. Benares( Varanasi)
In hinduism, the dead body is disposed of by
A. Burying it under stones
B. Leaving it in a round tower to be consumed by vultures
C. Cremation
D. Wrapping it in a sari and placing it in a cave
C. Cremation
The river that lies northwest of India is
A. Jumna
B. Indus
C. Brahmaputra
D. Irawaddy
B. Indus
Hinduism is the majority realigion of
A. Myanmar( Burma)
B. Bangladesh
C. Nepal
D. Sri Lanka
C. Nepal
The goal of ultimate liberation from egotism and from rebirth is called
A. Moksha
B. Samsara
C. Bhakti
D. Jnana
A. Moksha
Puja is
A. An object held in the hand when worshiping the goddess Durga
B. Devotional ritual
C. Sacred Dance
D. Special Powder placed on the images of deities
B. Devotional Ritual
Krishna is considered an incarnation of
A. Shiva
B. Durga
C. Vishnu
D. Kali
C. Vishnu
Krishna is often portrayed holding a
A. Flute
B. Flower
C. Seasell
D. Peacock-feather fan
A. Flute
The Elephant-headed god who is a symbol of abundance is
A. Saraswati
B. Kali
C. Rama
D. Ganesha
D. Ganesha
The Goddess of good luck is
A. Durga
B. Lakshmi
C. Saraswati
D. Kali
B. Lakshmi
Transcendentalism is the name for
A. An American movement in literature that was influenced by hinduism.
B. A type of Hindu mental sculpture design that specializes in statues of shiva
C. a movement in hinduism that emphasizes that use of the body for spiritual purposes
D. a political movement, begun by Gandhi, that emphasizes nonviolence
A. An american movement in literature that was influenced by hinduism
Facts Lending support to the aryan Invasion Theory Include
A. The advanced ancient civilzation discovered in the ruins found in the indus river valley
B. Ancient seals showing someone seated in a yogic meditation posture
C. Ancient Sanskrit's relation to Greek and Latin
D. Important concepts found in the Upanishads
C. Ancient Sanskrit's relation to Greek and Latin
Critics of the Aryan Invasion or Migration theory often maintain that these are
A. Not Substantiated in the Vedas
B. Contradicted in the Upanishads
C. Used to Justify the caste System
D. Indications continued of western cultural imperialism
D. Indications continued of western cultural imperialism
Archeological discoveries showing Harappa cililzation was not destroyed by outsiders led to
A. The rise of Hindu fundamentalism
B. The development of the Aryan Migration Theory
C. Puzzlement concerning Aryan Origins
D. Rethinking the dating of the Upanishads
B. The development of the Aryan Migration Theory
Yoga path striving to do all useful work unselfishly without a desire or reward
A. Raja
B. Karma
C. Kundalini
D. Hatha
B. Karma
Yoga Path focused on meditation
A. Raja
B. Karma
C. Kundalini
D. Jnana
A. Raja
Yoga Path of doing various stretching postures and balancing
A. Jnana
B. Karma
C. Bhakti
D. Hatha
D. Hatha
An Element contributing to the rise of Hindu Fundamentalism is
A. A percieved danger coming from christians, Muslims, and Sikhs
B. Linkage with Fundamentalist groups in the middle east
C. Renewed enthusiasm for Gandhi's Ideals and aims
D. Fondness for classical Indian Instrumental Music
A. A percieved danger coming from Christians, Muslims, and Sikhs
Siddhartha Guatama is the Name of
A. The person who become known as the Buddha
B. One of the earliest disciples of the Buddha
C. A missionary who spread Buddhist teachings
D. An Indian translator of essential Buddhist texts who worked in china
A. The Person who became known as the Buddha
Tradition holds that which relative of the Buddha Died soon after the birth of the Buddha?
A. Father
B. Mother
C. Aunt
D. Grandfather
B. Mother
Regarding his social class, the Buddha was
A. Preist
B. An aristocrat
C. A merchant
D. A peasant
B. An aristocrat
The Buddha Lived about this time
A. Tenth Century b.c.e.
B. Fifth Century b.c.e.
C. Second Century b.c.e
D. First Century c.e.
B. Fifth Century B.c.e
The Buddha was particularly troubled by the problem of
A. Whether there is an afterlife
B. The existence of the divine
C. Suffering and death.
D. the exploitation of the poor
C. suffering and death
The Buddha was shocked into going on a religious search by:
A. The death of his father
B. The four passing sights
C. His failure to have more than one child
D. His father's loss of wealth and property
B. The four passing sights
The Buddha left home to begin his life of wandering at what age
A. 16
B. 29
C. 45
D. 71
B. 29
The Buddha was enlightened at what age?
A. 21
B. 35
C. 51
D. 66
B. 35
The Buddha died at what age?
A. 35
B. 49
C. 65
D. 80
The basic outlook on life, formulated by Buddhism, is contained in
A. the four major yogas
B. The four noble truths
C. The four castes
D. The four passing sights
B. The four noble truths
One of the essential Buddhist Teachings is
A. Turn the other cheek
B. Everything is changing
C. Live for yourself only
D. You have only one life to live
B. Everything is changing
In regard to the common belief in a permanent soul, the Buddha seems to have taught that
A. there is none
B. each person has one, but it dies with the body
C. the soul is more important than the body
D. Souls are constantly being reborn
A. There is none
Buddhism Began in
A. Sri Lanka
b. China
C. Thailand
D. India
D. India
Nirvana seems to come from a word that means
A. Expand
B. blow out
C. fulfillment
D. reach out
B. Blow out
A major goal of Buddhism is
A. Union with God
B. Physical Health
C. Reaching Heaven
D. Innner peace
D. Inner peace
Buddhism developed into several branches. The branch that spread into Sri Lanka and Southeast Asia is:
A. Mahayana
B. Vajrayana
C. Theravada
D. Vipassana
C. Theravada
Literally, Mahayana means
A. mind only
B. Big Vehicle
C. Great insight
D. Compassionate heart
B. Big Vehicle
A Person of Great compassion, willing to reborn constantly to help others, is called
A. Bodhisattva
B. Arhat
C. Karuna
D. Sangha
A. Bodhisattva
The essential collection of sacred books of Buddhism is called
A. Tripitaka ( Tipitaka)
B. Dhammapada
C. Vedas
D. Four Noble Truths
A. Tripitaka
Zen Comes from a word that means
A. Joy
B. Peace
C. Insight
D. Meditation
D. Meditation
The ideal of the Theravada branch is the
A. Bodhisattva
B. Scholar
C. Arhat(arahat)
D. Artist
C. Arhat
Tibetan Buddhism includes elemnts of
A. Shammanism
B. Confucianism
C. Christianity
D. Islam
A. Shamanism
The general name for the category of books that is said to give the words of the Buddha is
A. Abhidharma
B. Sutra
C. Vinaya
D. Dharma
B. Sutra
The unconditioned state of reality that is the highest goal of Buddhism is called
A. Moksha
B. Nirvana
C. Dharma
D. Trikaya
B. Nirvana
The dissatisfaction and sorrow that life brings is called
A. Karma
B. Bodhisattva
C. Dharma
D. DUkkha
D. Dukkha
Tibbetan Buddhism
A. Makes great use of ritual
B. Uses animal sacrifice
C. Does not value the role of the spiritual teacher
D. Has spread to Malaysia and Indonesia
A. Makes Great use of ritual
Buddhism came to Tibet from
A. China
B. Afghanistan
C. India
D. Japan
C. India
In Tibetan Buddhism, a vajra is frequently used together with
A. Flower
B. A trumpet
C. A bell
D. Incense
C. A bell
The Chan/Zen Virtues are especially
A. Modesty and refinement
B. Intuition and naturalness
C. Family Harmony and Family Devotion
D. Faith in Buddhist Deity
B. Intuition and Naturalness
The school of chinese and Japanese Buddhism, which sees the Buddhas as a Divine savior whose name the believer must constantly repeat with devotion is
A. Chan/Zen
B. Pure Land
C. Gelugpa
D. Tiantai/Tendai
B. Pure land
Concerning words, Zen Stresses that words are
A. Necessary
B. Not Adequate
C. Important
D. Valuable when used in Mantras
B. Not adequate
What is most important in Zen is
A. A master's Tea Bowl
B. A robe indicating authority
C. Certain sacred books, including the Mumonkan
D. Enlightened awareness
D. Enlightened Awareness
A Koan is
A. A poem
B. A question
C. A song
D. A dance
B. A question
The Type of Beauty that Zen Particularly values emphasizes is
A. Gorgeousness and wealth
B. What is rare and unusual
C. Simplicity
D. Great Size
C. Simplicity
The Buddha of the Western Paradise is
A. Maitreya
B. Amitabha
C. Guanyin
D. Manjushri
B. Amitabha
The Name for the Buddhist Community of monks and nuns is
A. Anatta
B. Dukkha
C. Anichcha
D. Sangha
D. Sangha
To Lessen Suffering, the Buddha Recommended
A. Working Harder
B. Doing one's duty
C. Lessening Desire
D. Praying Daily
C. Lessening Desire
Buddhism Focuses especially on
A. Maintaining inner peace
B. Achieving Material Success
C. Attaining all one's goals
D. Using one's talents Well
A. Maintaining Inner Peace
The Buddha opposed
A. The caste system
B. Travel for religious reasons
C. Study
D. Meditative Practices
A. The Caste System
The Indian Ruler who spread Buddhist teaching widely was
A. Amitabha
B. Avalokiteshvara
C. Ashoka
D. Abhidarma
C. Ashoka
Vinya Refers to
A. The robe worn by monks
B. A colleciton of rules for monks and nuns
C. The Afternoong chanting of sutras
D. An amulet blessed by a monk and worn for good luck
B. A collection of rules for monks and nuns
Vimalakiriti was
A. A ruler of Sri Lanka who converted to Buddhism
B. A Tibetan Lama
C. A Theravada Teacher of Thailand
D. A rich but compassionate and wise layman
D. A rich but compassionate and wise layman
The Sutras on the Perfection of Wisdom, have what Sanskrit name?
A. Prajnaparamita
B. Sukhavati Vyuha
C. Saddharma Pundarika
D. Dhammapada
A. Prajnaparamita
In China, Buddhism was sometimes criticized because
A. Monks competed with Farmers in raising crops
B. Religion did not allow dancing or theatrical performances
C. Religious Leaders would not adopt the Chinese Writing System
D. Monks and Nuns had no children
D. Monks and nuns had no children
In China, the various Mahayana Set tended to Blend. But they have remained separate in
A. Kora
B. Japan
C. Mongolia
D. Vietnam
B. Japan
The Japanese monk who studied in China and established Shingon Buddhism in Japan was
A. Tan Luan( T'an Luan)
B. Kukai ( Kobo Daishi)
C. Saicho( Dengyo Daishi)
D. Dannon( Avalokiteshvara)
B. Kukai ( Kobo Daishi)
Zen Traces itself back to a legendary Founder named:
A. Tsong Kha-pa
B. Song-Tsen-gam-po
C. Bodhisharma
D. Nichiren
C. Bodhidharma
Besides Tibetan Buddhism another form of Vajrayana Buddhism is
A. Shingon Buddhism
B. Pure Land Buddhism
C. Nichiren Buddhism
D. Soka Gakkai
A. Shingon Buddhism
Elements of Buddhism, as interpreted in Japanese woodblock prints, influenced which artist?
A. Frida Kahlo
B. Vincent Van Gogh
C. Leonardo Da Vinci
D. Auguste Renoir
B. Vincent Van Gogh
An Essential Practice in Zen is
A. Use of Mudras
B. The tea ceremony
C. Visualization of heavenly bodhisattvas
D. Manual Labor
D. Manual Labor
A key Practice to Nicheren Buddhism is
A. A chant to the Lotus Sutra
B. Composition of haiku poems
C. Meditation on the Prajnaparamita Sutra
D. Begging for Food
A. A chant to the Lotus Sutra
Tendai Buddhism is Known for
A. Chanting the Name of Amitabha Buddha
B. A fire Ritual with historic links to the Vedic Fire Ceremony
C. Systematizing varied Buddhist Teachings into progressive hierarchy
D. Elaborate Mandalas
C. Systematizing Varied Buddhist teachings into progressive hierarchy
An Important Practice in Shingon Buddhism is
A. A fire ritual with historic links to the Vedic Fire Ceremony
B. Chanting the name of Amitabha Buddha
C. The use of Koans
D. Systematizing varied Buddhist teachings into progressive hierarchy
A. A fire ritual with historic links to the Vedic fire ceremony
One of the most common Buddhist Meditation techniques used in man schools is
A. Visualization of Heavenly bodhisattvas
B. Use of Mandalas
C. Focus on Breathing
D. Chanting the name of the Buddha
C. Focus on Breathing
One appeal of Buddhism for many Westerners is
A. Help from a heavenly Buddha which parallels thems in Christianity
B. Celibacy
C. Emphasis on the self-reliance and insight
D. Learning Calligraphy
C. Emphasis on the self-reliance and insight
Engaged Buddhism is
A. A modern Favoring marriage instead of celibacy
B. A technique simultaneously using mantras and mudras
C. Excessive attachment to the world
D. A modern movement emphasizing charity and social activisim
D. A modern movement emphasizing charity and social activism
Popular Stories in Buddhism with a moral lesson involving animals or people are
A. Jataka Tales
B. Aesop's Fables
C. Tripitaka Tales
D. Sutras
A. Jataka Tales