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46 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Alimentary Tract
Digestive System
Act of chewing
Chewed food is called
Act of swallowing
Where does peristalsis begin?
Lower portion of esophagus.
Food travels by _______ until it reaches the lower esophagus.
Digestion begins in the __________ and continues until the ___________
Stomach, small intestine
How many hours does it take for the stomach to empty?
1-4 hours
True or False
Every person peristalsis and motility is the same
How long and wide is the esophagus?
10" long and 3/4" diameter
Where does the esophagus begin and end?
Starts at C-6 and ends at T-10/11
Should the patient eat before having a UGI?
No, the patient has to NPO so the mucosal lining is dry so the contrast will stick to it.
Where are the 2 indentations in the esophagus?
Aortic Arch
Left Main Bronchus
What is the hole in the diaphragm called where the esophagus passes through?
Esophageal Hiatus
Where is the esophageal hiatus?
What is the esophagus called after the esophageal hiatus?
Cardiac Antrum
Words that describe the stomach?
A dilated sac-like organ
Three functions of the stomach:
Stores food until it can be digested
Breaks food down chemically
Breaks food down mechanically
-Churning and peristalsis
After the stomach breaks down the food, where does it go and what is the food called?
It spills into the duodenum and is called chyme.
How much chyme does it release at a time?
1 TEAspoon at a time
When the stomach contracts, it creates ________, or longitudinal folds.
Parts of the Stomach (3)
Pyloric Portion
What is the other part of the stomach that we don't recognize?
Must know for test
Cardia, also called cardiac oriface, cardiac sphincter, or esophageal junction.
What is the uppermost part of the stomach and what is it's shape?
Fundus is the uppermost dome-shaped part. It is usually filled with air.
What part makes up the majority of the stomach?
Body. It is the most anterior part
What are the parts of the pyloric portion?
Pyloric Antrum
Pyloric Canal
Pylorus (The muscle or sphincter)
Two curves of the stomach?
Greater curvature
-Outer side
Lesser Curvature
-Inner side
Where are the cardiac and angular notches?
Cardiac notch is closer to the heart
Angular notch is inside
What is the opening between the esophagus and stomach called?
Cardiac orifice
What is the opening between the stomach and the duodenum called?
Pyloric orifice
Does the stomach change as body habitus changes?
What does the stomach look like in a large person?
Almost horizontal
What does the stomach look like in an asthenic person?
Really long and may be lower than the iliac crest.
How long are the small intestines?
What does the S. Intestines have on the inside of them?
Villi on mucosal lining
Words the describe duodenum?
Shortest, widest, and most fixed portion of the small bowel.
How long in the duodenum?
8-10" long
Parts of the duodenum?
Superior Portion
What is special about the superior portion of the duodenum?
It has a bulb shape called the duodenal bulb.
What is the best projection to show the duodenal bulb?
What is special about the descending portion of the duodenum?
Ampulla of Vater
Where Dubhoff tube is placed
What is the Ligement of Treitz attached to?
The ascending portion
What does the jejunum look like if it's filled with air?
Stacks of coins
What doees the jejunum look like if it's filled with barium?
What does the Ileum look if it's filled with air or barium?
What is the end of the Ileum called?
The Terminal Ileum of TI