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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

The total energy of a materials particles, including kinetic, vibrations and movement within and between particles.

Thermal Energy

State of matter where particles are closely packed together and are arranged in repeating geometric patterns.


State of matter where particles move more freely than a solid and will take the shape of the container it is in.


When particles have enough energy to slip out of the ordered arrangement of a solid.

Melting point

The amount of energy required to change a substance from a solid to a liquid at its melting point is known as?

Heat of fusion

State of matter where particles have enough energy to overcome the attractions between them.


In a liquid the particles that are moving faster and have more kinetic energy than others and move fast enough to escape the attractive forces of other particles and enter the gas state in a process called?


An explanation of how particles in matter behave.

Kinetic Theory

The temperature at which the pressure of the vapor in the liquid is equal to the external pressure acting on the surface of the liquid.

Boiling point

The amount of energy required for the liquid at its boiling point to become a gas.

Heat of vaporization

The spreading of particles throughout a given volume until they are uniformly distributed.


The 4th state of matter.


Matter consisting of positively and negatively charged particles. The forces from the positively charged particles are so great that electrons from the atom are stripped off.


An increase in the size of a substance when the temperature is increased.

Thermal expansion

Matter that does not have a defined temperature at which they change from a solid to a liquid.

Amorphous Solid

The ability of a fluid to exert an upward force on an object immersed in it.


According to __________________ principle, pressure applied to a fluid is transmitted throughout the fluid.

Pascal's Principle

According to __________________ principle, as the velocity of a fluid increases, the pressure exerted by the fluid decreases.

Bernoulli's Principle

A resistance to flow by a fluid is called?


Pressure is measured in units called?


According to ___________ law if you decrease the volume of a container of gas and hold the temperature constant, the pressure of the gas will increase.

Boyle's law

According to ______________ law, the volume of a gas increases with increasing temperature, as long as the pressure does not change.

Charles's Law