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53 Cards in this Set

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The tendency to focus on the role of personal causes and underestimate situational influences
Fundamental attribution Error (FAE)

Tendency to attribute other's behaviors to personal causes and attribute our behavior to situational causes
Actor observer effect

What we feel when there is incompatibility between our belief and our actions or attitudes
Cognitive Dissonance
In the Milgrim's Study, how many men out of 40 went all the way to 450 volts?
In Milgram's Results what was the average maximum shock given?
what technique is it to first make a small request and follow it with a larger request?
foot in the door technique
what technique is it to first make a large unreasonable request and follow it with a small request?
Door in the face technique
What technique is it to get person to agree to attractive terms and then the terms are changed to be less favorable?
low ball technique
5 confederates give incorrect response, then subject responds...overall subject conformed what ratio of the time?
the effect that as the number of bystanders at an emergency increases, the probability that the victim will receive help from decreases
bystander effect
frustration occurs when?
whenever anything blocks our goal
when we are aggressive we become...?

we act out our aggressive feelings on a safe target
what is Sternbergs triangular theory of love?
suggests that 7 kinds of love can be derived from the varying combination of three main ingredients:
Triangular love ingredient that involces sexual desire and physiological arousal
triangular love ingredient that involves feels of closeness
triangular love ingredient that involves investments in the future of the relationship
occurs when members of the group are overly concerned with maintaining group cohesiveness
Janis' groupthink
prenatal stage that begins at conception and up to 2 weeks
Germinal stage
release of an ovum or egg cell from the woman's ovaries
sperm penetrates the eggs outer membrane, membrance changes to become impervious to all other sperm
conception of fertilization
prenatal stage between 2 and 8 weeks after conception
Embryonic stage
what attaches to the uterine wall?
what develops in the embryonic stage?
major brain regions and spinal cord
prenatal stage 2 months after conception until birth
fetal stage
membrane that acts like a filter allowing oxygen and nutrients to pass through while filtering out harmful substances

the biological blueprints that determine and direct the transmission of all hereditary traits
how many pairs of chromosomes do humans have?
each chromosome contains how many genes?
what are the symptoms of fetal alcohol syndrmome (FAS)?
physical traits as
-flattened nose
-short eye openings
-short height
what are the psychological deficits of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)?
retardation and hyperactivity

object continue to exist even if they can no longer be heard, seen, or touched
object permanence

changing the form of an object or substance does not change its amount, volume, or mass
what is the result of the visual cliff experiment?
7 months old babies will not crawl on the deep end.
Eriksons psychosocial stages

if needs are met, learn trust, if neglected learn mistrust
trust vs. mistrust

infant to 1 year
Eriksons psychosocial stages

encouraged to explore, develop sense of independence
autonomy vs shame

1-3 years
Eriksons psychosocial stages

if initiative is encouraged will develop the ability to plan new things
initiative vs. guilt

3-5 years
Eriksons psychosocial stages

direct energy towards completing tasks successfully gain a sense of competence
industry vs inferiority

5-12 years
Eriksons psychosocial stages

become more responsible, develop a positive identity
ego identity vs. Role confusion

12-20 years
Eriksons psychosocial stages

develops friendships and lovers, gain a sense of intimacy
intimacy vs. isolation

20-40 years
Eriksons psychosocial stages

evaluating one's life for meaning and making changes
generativity vs. stagnation

middle years
Eriksons psychosocial stages

the ability to look back on one's life with appropriate closure
ego integrity vs. despair

elderly years
type of play where children play next to each other but do not interact
parallel play
type of play which is interactive with others including games, pretend role-playing, and contruction
cooperative play
type of play which is when they will work using the same materials or on the same project but do not incorporate others in their ask
associative play
Kohlbergs theory of moral reasoning
based on fear of punishment
level 1 preconventional
Kohlbergs theory of moral reasoning
conforming to standards of others and to the laws of society
level 2 conventional
Kohlbergs theory of moral reasoning
balance between individual & society
level 3 post conventional

consists of admirers and critics that adolescents conjure up that exist only in their imagination
imaginary audience

a teenager's exaggerated sense of personal uniqueness and indestructibility
personal fable

abstract reasoning and mental flexibility
fluid intelligence

one's verbal ability and accumulated knowledge
crystallized intelligence
cause of Alzheimers disease
caused by amyloid beta protein plaques