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18 Cards in this Set

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What did Wundt do?

The birth of psychology in Dec 1879.

Define psychology.

The science of behavior & mental processes.

Psychology's current perspectives =

Neuroscience; Evolutionary; Behavior genetics; Psychodynamic; Behavioral; Cognitive; Social-cultural.

Define psychologist.

Study, assess & treat people, & basic research.

Define psychiatrist.

MDs who provide medical treatments & psychological therapy.

Define hindsight bias.

The I-knew-it-all-along phenomenon; both sides seem right.

Define case study.

An observation technique in which one person/animal is studied in depth in hopes of revealing univeral principles.

Define naturalistic observation.

Watching unobstrusively.

Define survey method.

Looks at many surveys in less depth; a survey asks questions.

Define experiment.

The manipulation of a factor to determine its effect.

Define correlation coefficient.

Measures the extent to which changes in one factor/variable are accompanied by changes in the other.

Define independent variable.

The factor change/manipulate, dependent variable is the one you watch for possible change.

Define random sample.

Means everyone has an equal chance of being chosen for the experiment.

Define blind.

Experimental procedure includes people that do not know who receives the experimental substance.

Define double blind.

Experimental procedure includes people receiving a drug/placebo, those who administrators and data collectors do not know who gets what.

Selective attention is...

Paying attention to what you want to pay attention to.

An experimental group is...

...the group receiving the drug.

A control group is...

...the group that receives the placebo (empty pill).