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33 Cards in this Set

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Easily breaks down starches and sugars for energy.

Stomach enzymes

Breaks down macromolecules to help their absorption by the body.

Appetite vs. Hunger

Psycological vs. physical need.


The study of drug movement through the body (adme).


Absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion.

Emetic agents

Causes vomiting.

Antiemetic agents

Controls vomiting.

Anticholinergic antiemetic MOA

Blocks muscarinic receptors.

Cytoprotective agents

Topical agent that forms protective acid resistant sheild in the ulcer crater. Ex: Sucralfate (carafate)

PPI drugs (Proton pump inhibitors)

omeprazole (Prilosec)

lansoprazole (Prevacid)

PPI function

Suppresses gastric acid secretion.

PPI prototype

omeprazole (Prilosec)

GI system names

Alimentary canal/tract, digestive tract and gastrointestinal tract.


Thicked white patches on tongue or buccal area.


Inflammation of the liver.


The binge purge syndrome.


Backward movement from stomach into esophogas, often causes pain (Gastroesophigal Reflux Disease).

Occult blood

Blood in feces that can't be seen without a guatic test.

Hydrogen peroxide

(H2O2) Weak antibacterial.

Emollient laxatives

Increases fluid in stool.

Absorbent antidiarrheal

Absorbs water from stool.


Zofran, first seratonin receptor antagonist approved for use in chemo.

H2 blocking agents

Treats heartburn/indegestion, duodenal/gastric ulcers, GERD, & hypersecretory states.

ROA of scopalomine

Antinausea topical patch.

Causes of vomiting

Food poisoning, inflammation of stomach lining, an ulcer or bulimia.

Spreading Hep A

"Fecal-oral route". Putting something in mouth contaminated by stool.

Function of small intestine

Secretes mucus and enzymes, absorbes digested food.

Ipecac warnings

Active ingredient is cardiotoxic. Musle aches, weakness, hyporeflexia, slurred speech and dysphagia.

Stomach acid secretion

Digestive secretions of stomach glands consisting of hydrochloric acid, mucin and the enzymes pepsin, rennin and lipass.

H-pylori disorders

Possible cause of gastvitis and duodenal ulcers (hydrochloric acid).

Drugs causing constipation

Antacids, opiods, antidepressants, diuretics, and anticholinergies.

Ursodiol and monoctanoin

Gallstone-solubilizing agents working to dissolve gallstones.

Pancrelipase vs. Pancreatin

Promotes digestion, NOT interchangeable in therapy.