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23 Cards in this Set

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Benign lesion of bone characterized histologically by cellular fibrous connective tissue admixed with irregularly shaped bone trabeculae or cementoid material.
Benign fibro-osseous lesion
Disordered growth
Relatively common disease of unknown cause that affects the periapical bone; asymptomatic; affects the anterior mandible of patients older than 30 years of age; black women mostly; composed of a combination of fibrous tissue and calcifications.
Periapical cemento-osseous dysplasia.
Asymptomatic fibroosseous lesion that occurs in the posterior mandible and appears as an isolated well delineated radiolucent to radiopaque lesion that is less than 1.5 cm in size; composed of numerous gritty pieces of soft and hard tissue; .white women more than black.
Focal cemento-osseous dysplasia
Characterized by disordered cementum and bone development; affects multiple quadrants in the maxilla and mandible; black women over 40; complication of this condition may lead to development of osteomyelities.
Florid cemento-osseous dysplasia
Disease characterized by the replacement of bone with abnormal fibrous connective tissue interspread with varying amounts of calcifications; abnormal mesenchymal cell function.
Fibrous dysplasia
The most common type of fibrous dyspasia that is characterized by involvement of a single bone; the mandible and the maxilla are usually affected; other bones that may be affected are the ribs, femur and tibia; affects children; painless swelling or bulging of the buccal plate of the maxilla or mandible; may cause malocclusion or displacement of adjacent teeth.
Monostotic fibrous dysplasia
Fibrous dysplasia characterized by involvement of more than one bone; affects children; females; the skull the clavicles and the long bones are usually affected; asymptomatic; causes bowing; skin lesions: light-brown macules called cafe au lait spots.
Polyostotic fibrous dysplasia
Term used for polyostotic fibrous dysplasia involving the maxilla with extension to the sinuses and adjancent zygoma, sphenoid, and occipital bones.
Craniofacial fibrous dysplasia
This type of polyostotic fibrous dysplasia involves multiple bones along with associated cafe au lait macules on the skin.
Jaffe type (Jaffe-Lichtenstein)
This condition is characterized by endocrine abnormalities, including precocious puberty in females, and stunting or deformity of skeletal growth in both sexes as a result of early epiphyseal plate closure; precocious puberty is exhibited by menses, pubic hair, and breast development in children as young as 2 year of age; other complications of this condition include diabetes mellitus and hyperthyroidism.
Albright syndrome or McCune-Albright syndrome.
What is the clinical appearance of Albright syndrome?
Painless enlargement of the maxilla or mandible.
Disease of the bone that develops over a long period of time as a result of calcium deficiency caused by malabsorption syndrome, drugs, liver and kidney disease, and chronic use of antiacids; delayed tooth eruption and periodontal disease have been associated with this condition.
When osteomalacia occurs in young children it is usually due to? and the associated disease is?
Vitamin D deficiency
An inherited form of vitamin D deficiency is called?
Hypophospatemic Vitamin D-resistant rickets
Chronic metabolic bone disease characterized by resorption, osteoblastic repair, and remineralization of teh involved bone; may be of viral cause; occurs in men over 50; maxilla more commonly affected; enlargement of bone; when bones of skull are involved may cause headaches, dizziness, and deafness; cotton-wool appearance; hypercementosis, loss of lamina dura, and obliteration of the periodontal ligament may also occur.
Paget disease of bone aka
Osteitis deformans and
Leontiasis Ossea
In this disease the serum alkaline phosphatase level is significantly elevated in active disease.
Paget disease
What is the normal serum alkaline phosphatase value in Bodansky units? What about in Paget disease?
Normal 1.5 to 5.0
Paget 250
What are the normal serum alkaline phosphatase levels in King-Armstrong units (KAU)? In Paget disease?
Normal 5 to 10
Paget 200
The involved bone demonstrates prominent reversal lines that result from the resorption and deposition of bone; this pattern has been described as?
Mosaic bone.
Non-neoplastic lesion of unclear pathogenesis that is composed of large cells, red blood cells and chronic inflammatory cells; occurs on gingival or alveolar mucosa in mandible or maxilla.
Giant cell granuloma
This type of giant cell granuloma occurs within the bone of the maxilla or mandible in children; females anterior segment of teh maxilla or mandible.
Central giant cell granuloma.
A lesion of bone identical to the central giant cell granuloma that occurs in patients with hyperparathyroidism.
Brown tumor