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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
which of the following ingredients would alert you to the presence of trans fatty acids in a product?
- hydrogenated vegetable oil
- lecithin
- liquid corn oil
- vitamin E
hydrogenated vegetable oil
The two essential fatty acids are:
- cholestrol and bile
- linolenic and alpha-linolenic acid
- butyric and stearic acid
- cis and trans
linolenic and alpha-linolenic acid
a triglyceride includes:
- 3 fatty acids and 1 glycerol
- 3 glycerols and 1 fatty acid
- 3 phospholipids and 1 glycerol
- 3 glycerols and 1 phospholipid
3 fatty acids and 1 glycerol
which type of essential fatty acids are found in fish and fish oils
- omega-6
- omega-3
- saturated
- monounsaturated
lipids are transported in the blood in spherical particles called:
- lipoproteins
- peptides
- monoglycerides
- glycerols
which of the following is NOT typically a nutrient of concern for vegans (no meat or dairy)?
- iron
- vitamin B12
- vitamin C
- calcium
vitamin C
which of the following fatty acids is usually solid at room temperature?
- short- chain
- saturated
- monounsaturated
- polyunsaturated
which type of dietary fat is known to elevate blood cholesterol levels?
- saturated
- trans
- monounsaturated
- both A and B
saturated and trans
milk curdles when lemon juice is added to it. the change that occurs in the protein is called:
- denaturation
- translocation
- transcription
- deamination
which of the following statements is FALSE?
- HCl denatures protein to allow digestive enzymes to break down the protein
- HCl inhibits the digestion of fat so it does not compete with protein digestion
- HCl untangles the strands of protein and breaks the peptide bonds
- HCl activates pepsinogen to form pepsin
HCl inhibits the digestion of fat so it does not compete with protein digestion
in which condition would catabolism be the predominate system?
- anabolism
- disease
- pregnancy
- childhood growth spurt
which cellular organelles are the primary sites of chemical energy production?
- ribosomes
- cytoplasm
- endoplasmic reticulum
- Golgi apparatus
- mitochondria
the catabolism of glucose results in which molecule?
- glucose-6-phosphate
- pyruvate
- glycolysis
- maltose
the primary anabolic hormone is:
- cortisol
- epinephrine
- glucagon
- insulin
A. chylomicron
B. Lipoprotein lipase
1. lipoprotein that transports to the body's cells
2. lipoprotein that delivers cholesterol to the body's cells. mostly made up of cholesterol
3. enzyme responsible for triglyceride breakdown
4. large lipoprotein synthesized in the intestines to transport dietary fat to the body
5. small lipoproteins that assist in removing cholesterol from body tissues for disposal
A. 4.
B. 3.
C. 1.
D. 5.
E. 2.
which molecule is common to catabolism of fat and glucose?
- phosphofructokinase
- hexokinase
- pyruvate
- acetyl CoA
acetyl CoA
the catabolism of fat is called:
- glycolysis
- gluconeogenesis
- lipolysis
- lipogenesis
which of the following situations will result in a buildup of ketones in the blood?
- low carbohydrate availability
- low levels of acetyl CoA due to increased fat metabolization
- excess of TCA cycle intermediates
- high-carbohydrate diet
low carb availability
which of the following can be converted to fat?
- carbs
- protein
- alcohol
- all the above
- A and B only
protein, carbs, alcohol
the process of producing glucose from non-glucose sources is called____
- glycolosis
- gluconeogenesis
- glycogenolysis
- lipolysis