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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Frontal Lobe

Conscious thinking/emotions

Initiating movements/speech, storing memories, exercising impulse, control in social/sexual behaviour

Initiating activity, judgement, sense of smell

Parietal Lobe

Receiving sensory information/perception

Understanding what is said, nerve fibres carrying visual information pass through these lobes

Temporal Lobe

Storage of memories, strong emotions, smell and taste

Auditory pathways of impulses from inner ear to brain

Orientation and appreciation of time

Occipital Lobe

Concerns vision

Pathway to nerve cells of occipital cortex

Sent to areas of visual association/object recognition

Primary Motor Cortex

Located in frontal lobe

Voluntary movement

Prefrontal cortex - conscious movements

Premoter cortex - muscle control


Large double-lobed midline structure - divided into several nuclei

Lateral geniculate nucleus - part of visual system

Medial geniculate nucleus - part of auditory system

Located between cerebral cortex and midbrain

Information for organ and motor systems


Controls autonomic nervous system/endocrine system

Organizes behaviours related to survival

Under thalamus - hence hypo

Brain Stem

Lowermost part of the brain (extension of the spinal cord)

Control of automatic behaviours: breathing, maintaining blood pressure, sleep, alertness

Damage = paralysis or death

Primary Somatosensory Cortex

Located in Parietal Lobe

First cortical relay receiving information on touch from thalamus


Integrates visual, auditory, vestibular, and somatosensory information

Information about muscle movements

Exerts a coordinating/smooth effect on movements

Located behind the top part of the brain stem

Primary Auditory Cortex

Processes sound, such as pitch, volume, and location of a sound

Crucial for understanding language

Located on the temporal gyrus in the temporal lobe


Storage of long-term memory (past knowledge and experiences)

Located under cerebral cortex

Primary Olfactory Cortex

Located near amygdala and hippocampus where odor information is maintained in temporary storage


Located in the temporal lobe of the brain

Perception of emotions, store memories of events and emotions - future association

Sexual activity and libido

Primary Gustatory Cortex

Taste perception, respond to the four tastes of sweet, sour, bitter, and salty

Basal Ganglia

Control of movement

Three separate structures: caudate, putamen, glovus pallidus

Caudate and putamen together = straitum

Located near base of the forebrain

Primary Visual Cortex

Located in the occipital lobe

Responsible for processing visual information into an image that the person sees

Association with known images

Corpus Callosum

Band of myelinated axons that connects the two cerebral hemispheres

Largest cerebral commisure

Information moves between hemispheres via corpus callosum

Left Hemisphere

Language is dependent on this hemisphere

Right Hemisphere

Space and spatial relationships