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25 Cards in this Set

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Classical Era
With a capital C.
Sonata form
ABA’ where A is the Exposition, B is the Development, and A’ is the Recapitulation. See page 183-185 in book
Development [modulations, retransition]
The second section of a sonata form piece of music, which features an unstable tonic key and various themes presented in the exposition
The third section of a sonata form piece of music. Stays in the tonic key.
The concluding section of a piece or movement, after the main elements of the form have been presented, “optional”
K Numbers
The number assigned to works by Mozart in the Kochel catalog, used instead of “Opus” to catalog Mozart’s works
Variation Form (theme and variations)
A form in which a single melodic unit is repeated with harmonic, rhythmic, dynamic, or timbral changes
Minuet Form
a (repeat) ba (repeat) OR a (repeat) ba' (repeat)
The first or “A” section of a minuet movement, A movement in a sonata, symphony, etc. based on a dance in triple meter
The second or “B” section of a minuet movement, scherzo, etc
Rondo Form
A musical form consisting of one main theme or tune alternating with other themes or sections. ABABA, or ABACA, or ABACABA
Symphony (four movement plan)
A large orchestral piece usually in 4 movements,
1=sonata form, tonic key, fast tempo, dramatic mood.
2= form varies, new key, slow tempo, emphasis on beauty.
3=minuet form, tonic key, triple meter (dance-like), light and cheerful.
4=Rondo (or Sonata) form, tonic key, generally fastest tempo, playful mood (lighthearted, entertaining)
Active from 1780-1800. Lived 1732 - 1809. Used lots of variation form. had a crappy love life
(1756-1791) Child prodigy, wrote many famous operas and symphonies
Sonata (solo and duo)
Either a solo piano pice, or a duet with piano and another instrument (equal partners). Typically removes the minuet (2nd) movement, thus having only 3 movements.
1=Allegro drammatico
2=andante semplice
3=rondo vivace
Not Sonata form!
A large composition for a collaborative orchestra and solo instrument. Has 3 movements like a solo/duet Sonata:
1=Allegro drammatico
2=Andante semplice
3=Rondo vivace
Double-Exposition Form
A type of sonata form developed (mainly by Mozart) for use in concertos. The first exposition is all orchestra with no soloist, and the bridge is removed. The second exposition features the soloist and the bridge modulates to the 2nd key.
An improvised passage for the soloist in a concerto, or sometimes in other works. Usually come near the end or the recapitulation.
String Quartet
Music written for 2 violins, a viola, and a cello. Typically featured 4 movements:
Allegro drammatico
Andante semplice
Rondo vivace
Chamber Music
Music written for small ensembles and homes, not for concert halls (2-10 people)
Opera Buffa
Italian comic opera
A musical number in an opera, cantata, or oratorio that is sung by two or more people. Refined by Mozart, highly melodic, full orchestral accompaniment, emotional and factual, somwhat repetitive. Forwards the plot! (non-declamatory)
1770-1827. Started playing music at an early age, went deaf, broke many rules of typical musical compositions
Motivic Consistency
repetitive fragment of music (motive) heard in all movements of a symphony
A form developed by Beethoven from the minuet to use for movements in larger compositions, “Joke." Fast triple meter.