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36 Cards in this Set

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Name the properties of muscles.

1. Excitability / Irritability


2. Contractibility


3. Extensibility


4. Elasticity

Name the 2 types of muscles.

Voluntary and involuntary.

What is a voluntary muscle?

It moves under conscious control.

What is an involuntary muscle?

It moves under unconscious control.

Name the 3 main kinds of muscles.

1. Cardiac


2. Visceral or smooth


3. Skeletal

What is a cardiac muscle?

A heart muscle, it is involuntary.

What is a visceral or smooth muscle?

Muscle of the GI tract, it is involuntary.

What is a skeletal muscle?

Extreme ties and back muscle, it is voluntary.

Name the skeletal muscle functions.

1. Attach to bones to provide MOVEMENT


2. PRODUCE HEAT + ENERGY


3. Help maintain POSTURE


4. PROTECT internal organs

What do tendons attach?

Muscle to bone.

What do ligaments attach?

Bone to bone,

What is a fibrous membrane that covers, connects, supports, and separates muscles?

Fascia.

Name muscle actions.

1. Adduction


2. Abduction


3. Flexion


4. Extension


5. Rotation


6. Pronation


7. Supination


8. Circumduction


9. Dorsiflexion


10. Plantar flexion

What is adduction?

Moving a body part towards the body.

What is abduction?

Moving a body part away from the body.

What is flexion?

Bending a limb or joint.

What is extension?

A straightening movement.

What is rotation?

Movement of a muscle at a joint.

What is pronation?

Palms down.

What is supination?

Palms up.

What is circumduction?

Circular movement of a body part.

What is dorsiflexion?

Pull toe up.

What is plantar flexion?

Point toe.

What is it called when muscles shrink in size and lose strength due to decrease in activity or injury?

Muscular atrophy.

What is a contracture?

Severe tightening of a flexor muscle resulting in the bending of a joint (SHORTENING OF MUSCLE AT A JOINT).

What can cause a strain to a muscle or tendon?

Over stretching.

A sprain involves what?

Ligaments.

What does RICE mean?

R - rest


I - ice


C - compression


E - elevation

What are 2 rules when it comes to ice?

1. Barrier


2. 20 mins on, 20 mins off

What level should you elevate?

Above level of heart.

Muscular dystrophy is _______.

Genetic.

The life expectancy for someone with muscular dystrophy is _______.

20 years.

What is range of motion?

Full motion of joint.

What is active range of motion?

Patient move own joint.

What is passive range of motion?

You move joint for patient.

Rules to PROM?

1. Support above and below a joint.


2. Don't cause pain.


3. Privacy.