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75 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
1. The study of the structures of the human body that can be seen with the naked eye is called:
a) anatomy
2. Living plant and animal cells are enclosed by the:
d) cell membrane
3. The substance of which all living cells are composed is called:
a) protoplasm
4. Food materials for cellular growth and self-repair are found in the:
c) cytoplasm
5. The process of building up larger molecules from smaller ones is called:
a) anabolism
6. A tissue is a group of __ that perform a specific function.
b) cells
7. The brain and spinal cord are examples of:
a) nerve tissue
8. The tissue that serves as a protective covering on body surfaces is called:
b) epithelial tissue
9. The heart, lungs, kidneys, stomach, and intestines are body:
a) organs
10. The circulatory system includes these organs:
d) heart and blood vessels
11. The body system that serves as the physical foundation of the body is the:
a) skeletal system
12. The scientific study of the anatomy, structure, and functions of bones is called:
c) osteology
13. The portion of the skull that protects the brain is the:
a) cranium
14. An important function of bones is:
a) producing red and white blood cells
15. The two bones that form the sides and crown (top) f the cranium are the:
d) parietal bones
16. The U-shaped bone that is commonly called the "Adam's apple" is the:
d) hyoid
17. The bony cage that serves as a protective framework for the heart, lungs, and other organs is the:
c) thorax
18. the cheekbones are also called the:
b) zygomatic bones
19. The largest and strongest bone of the face is the:
d) mandible
20. The place where two or more bones connect is called a/an:
c) joint
21. The temporal bones form the:
b) side of the head
22. the bones of the forearm are the:
b) ulna and radius
23. The 14 bones in the fingers of each hand are the:
a) phalanges
24. The bridge of the nose is formed by the:
c) nasal bones
25. The place of attachment of a muscle to an immovable section of the skeleton is called the:
b) origin
26. The study of the structure, functions, and diseases of the muscles is called:
d) myology
27. The muscles that are attached to the bones and are controlled by the will are the:
c) striated muscles
28. The muscles that covers the top of the skull is the:
c) epicranius
29. The muscle that rings the eye socket is the:
a) orbicularis oculi
30. The muscles of chewing or mastication are the:
d) masseter and temporalis muscles
31. One of the muscles that control the swinging movements of the arm is the:
b) trapezius
32. the muscle of the neck that lowers and rotates the head is the:
b) sternocleidomatoideus
33. the muscle that draw the fingers together are the:
c) adductors
34. The brain, spinal cord, spinal nerves, and cranial nerves make up the:
c) central nervous system
35. The largest and most complex nerve tissue in the body is the:
d) brain
36. The sensations of touch, cold, heat, sight, and hearing are carried to the brain by:
c) sensory nerves
37. The part of the nerve cell, or neuron, that sends impulses away from the cell body to other neurons, glands, or muscles is the:
b) axon
38. a branch of the fifth cranial nerve affecting the external ear and skin above the temple is the:
a) auriculotemporal nerve
39. the point and lower side of the nose are affected by the:
a) nasal nerve
40. The largest cranial nerve is the:
d) fifth cranial nerve
41. The skin of the forehead and eyebrows is affected by the:
b) supraorbital nerve
42. the chief motor nerve of the face is the:
a) seventh cranial nerve
43. The nerve that affects the muscles of the upper part of the cheek is the:
d) zygomatic nerve
44. The muscles of the mouth are affected by the:
b) buccal nerve
45. The nerves that originate at the spinal cord are the:
d) cervical nerves
46. The cervical nerve that affects the front and sides of the neck as far down as the breastbone is the:
d) cervical cutaneous nerve
47. The sensory motor nerve that, with its branches, supplies the thumb side of the arm and back of the hand is the:
a) radial nerve
48. One of four principal nerves of the arm and hand that supplies the fingers is the:
a) digital nerve
49. The steady circulation of blood through the body is controlled by the:
a) circulatory system
50. The blood-vascular system comprises the heart, arteries, veins, and:
b) capillaries
51. The upper heart chambers are called the:
c) atria
52. The interior of the heart contains the atria and the:
b) ventricles
53. Vessels that carry blood away from the heart are called:
b) arteries
54. Vessels that carry blood to the heart are called:
d) veins
55. The clear yellowish fluid that circulates in the lymphatics of the body is the:
d) lymph
56. The membrane that encloses the heart is the:
b) pericardium
57. Blood is composed of red and white corpuscles, platelets, plasma and:
c) hemoglobin
58. The human body has eight to ten pints of the nutritive fluid called:
b) blood
59. The fluid part of blood in which platelets and blood cells flow is:
b) plasma
60. Cells that contribute to the blood-clotting process are:
b) platelets
61. Hemoglobin, which gives blood its bright red colour, is found in the:
b) red blood cells
62. One of the critical functions blood performs is:
c) carrying nutritive substances to all body cells
63. Lymph is circulated through the lymphatic vessels and filtered by the:
c) lymph nodes
64. The brain, eyes, eyelids and nose are supplied blood by the:
b) internal carotid artery
65. The artery that supplies blood to the upper lip and nose region is the:
b) superior labial artery
66. The external maxillary artery is also known as the:
b) facial artery
67. The artery that supplies blood to the temples is the:
c) middle temporal artery
68. Two branches of the internal carotid artery that are important to know are the:
b) supraorbital and infraorbital
69. The two arteries that are the main supply of blood to the arms and hands are called the:
d) ulnar and radial
70. The group of specialized glands affecting development and sexual activities is the:
b) endocrine system
71. The sweat and oil glands of the skin are:
a) duct glands
72. Insulin, adrenaline, and estrogen are all examples of:
a) hormones
73. The digestive system is also called the:
c) gastrointestinal system
74. The body system that enables breathing is the:
d) respiratory system
75. The skin plays an important role in the excretory system because it eliminates:
c) perspiration