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29 Cards in this Set

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What 2 waterways did the suez canal connect?

Mediterranean and Red Sea

Most precious resource in SWANA?


Why does the US have interest in the Middle East?

1. Water


2. We want their oil

Zionism?

That jews should be able to go back to Zion, Palestine, and the promise land.

Yasir Arafat - what was he the president of from 1962-2004?

PLO

Hamas?

A terrorist group that controls Gaza and is backed by Israel.

What is P.L.O?

Palestine Liberation Organization, it is a political and military organization formed to unite various Palestinian Arab groups and ultimately to bring about an independent state of Palestine. Yasir Arafat is their leader.

Where is Mesopotamia located?


What 2 rivers is it located between?

1. In Iraq


2. The Euphrates and Tigris Rivers.

What is sharia law?

The body of Islamic law. The term means "way" or "path"; it is the legal framework within which the public and some private aspects of life are regulates for those living in a legal system based on islam

State?

A nation of territory considered as an organized political community under one government.

Nation?

A large aggregate of people united by common descent, history, culture, or language, inhabiting a particular country or territory.

Stateless Nation?

An ethnic group, religious group, linguistic group or other cohesive group which is not the majority population in any nation-state.

STUDY MAP

MAPPPPPP!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Burqa?

A long, loose garment covering the whole body from head to feet, worn in public by many Muslim women.

Refugee?

A person who has been forced to leave their countru in order to escape war, persecution, or natural disaster.

Theocracy?

A system of government in which preists rule in the name of God or a god.

OPEC?

A cartel that aims to manage the supply of oil in an effort to set the price of oil on the world market, in order to avoid fluctuations that might affect the economies of both producing and purchasing countries.

Peak Oil?

the peak of cheap oil

Many countries in this region belong to __________ which was established to give greater control over the ___________ and therefore price of oil.

OPEC, extraction

What is the dominate language of the middle east?

Arabic

The countries of Syria, Jordan, Israel, and Lebanon along with the Palestine territories make up the Easter Mediterranean also known as:

The Levant

There was a dispute the community of Muslims in present day Saudi Arabia over the question of succession. That is to say, who is the right phone successor to the profit...Most of the prophet move Hamed's followers one of the community of Muslims to determine who would lead after him. They are known as _____________.

Sunni

An english language word commonly used to translate the equivalent Arabic language word for non-muslims.

Infidel

What is a intifada?

A violent uprising

What does the state of Israel want? (3)

Recongization from other Arab countries, definite borders, a pure jewish state

Strait of Hormuz -


Why is it an important waterway?


Where does the strait lead to (countries and bodies of water)


What country has been trying to shut it down?

1. Because 20%-40% of the world's oil passes through it


2. Leads to the Gulf of Omanm and the strait leads to Iran also.


3.Iran

Basic timeline of events in Afghanistan?

1979-Soviet Union


1984-Peace


1995-Taliban


2001-USA


2004-Hannrd Narzai elected afghanistan president

Kurds -


Where do they live?


What do they want?


What kind of nation do they have?

All over the Middle East


They have no country of their own but some want a separate Kurdish country (Kurdistan)


Stateless-Nation

Islam -


What are the two main sects called?


Which sect has the majority of adherents?

Sunni and Shia (shi'ite)


Sunni

What does Christianity, Judaism, and Muslims have in common?

They all have one god. (Monotheistic)