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31 Cards in this Set

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What was the dark ages ?

It was a period after the fall of Rome 600AD

How did the church become the "government" during that time?!

There was a lot of political turmoil and there was no reliable structure and the church was the only stable "government"

What references to theatre are there between 600-1000AD?

Actors, jugglers, rope dancers in nomadic tribes, remnants of Roman mimes and popular pagan festivals and rites

Who become the primary preserver of tribal histories?

The Teutonic minstrils or troubadours but they converted to Christianity and the minstrils were denounced, branded as bad as mimes

At what ceremonies brought back theatre?

Christian ceremonies

Why did the church perhaps have little choice but to reintroduce theatre?

They couldn't stop the pagen rights from happening and it was to popular. Many of these pagen rights found themselves in Christian ceremonies

What was the Trope?

It was s four line dramatization of the resurrection with direction for its performance.


It came from an easter trope


Earliest existing drama


Sung by choir at first


Called the Quem Quaeritis


The Three Marys come to the tomb of Jesus and the angel asks them who they are looking for.


It become a little drama within the service


Practice blossomed, many playlets developed dealing with biblical themes

Who did the theatre undergo change?

At first the church had control of drama outside of chuch but then it become more cortrolled by secular groups



The Guilds took over in some cities and it was common for some guilds to retain control over certain plays/ stories based on the bible or religious teachings


Municipalities took over in some cities but the church still needed to approve the scripts

Where would the performances take place?

Mansions: small scenic structures for indicating location . In complex plays there where many mansions



Platea: General acting area, adjacent to the mansions

Why would they use machinary?

For scenes to fly Christ up to heaven, have angels come down Etc

What costumes might they have used?

Church vestments

What language where the plays in by 1350 rather than Latin?

Vernacular (language of the people)

Who where the actors in these plays?

Laymen (actors)


Male members of the community


Unpaid


No longer clerics or priests

Why did they begin to move outdoors?

Expanding needs of the plays

What was the master copy of the script and what power did the producing company have on it?

It was called the Register



They could monopolize or censor or ban it

Who was the Master of Secrets ?

The Persia who was in charge of the machines - special affects

How where scenes commonly set out regarding different levels of life?

Heaven on right


Hell on left


Earth middle

What where the main kinds of stages?

Fixed


Moveable

What where the characteristics of fixed stages ?

Technical trucks where more extensive in fixed stages



They where set stages



Mansions where set up in available spaces



Heaven and hell where on opposite sides

What are the characteristics of moveable stages?

Stages on wheels



Pageant wagons moved through the streets while audience stayed in one place



Plays performed in sequence thus each play performed several times

Why would one think medieval drama seems naive if they didn't understand the period?

They had little sense of history and only reflected the limited knowledge they had

How did the medieval mind look at earth?

They saw it as s transitory and heaven and hell were the final destinations

What where the 3 kinds of religious plays?

Mystery plays


About Christ or from the Old Testament usually done in cycles



Miracle plays


Lives of saints, historical and legendary



Morality Plays


Didactic allegories often of a common mans struggle for salvation

What characteristics did the religious plays have in common?

Aimed to teach or reinforce Christian beliefs



Melodramatic, good rewarded, evil punished



God and his plan were the driving forces not the characters

Explain what the medieval secular plays where about

Very popular



Moralities: secularised; allegories based on classical gods and heroes often with some political content



Mummings and disguising - given at wealthy homes on holidays



Pantomimes, dancer and narrated stories



Interludes and masques - between courses at a banquet, masques were allegorical compliments to the guests - with intricate dances and spectacle

Who performed these secular plays and where?

Professional actors and they where attached to nobles houses

Who performed these secular plays and where?

Professional actors and they where attached to nobles houses

What lead to the decline of medieval theatre?

Increased interest in classical learning, affected staging and playwriting



Social structures where changing and feudalism was destroyed



Dissection within the church led to prohibition of religious plays in Europe

Who performed these secular plays and where?

Professional actors and they where attached to nobles houses

What lead to the decline of medieval theatre?

Increased interest in classical learning, affected staging and playwriting



Social structures where changing and feudalism was destroyed



Dissection within the church led to prohibition of religious plays in Europe

What was the results of the decline?

Professional actors still needed not amateurs



Professional theatre rose became commercial (no longer community venture)



No longer religious plays- returned to the classics for new ideas for stories