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96 Cards in this Set

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Who was Dionysus?

The God of fertility and wine

What do myths about him relate too?

Life cycle and seasonal changes

When was Dionysian worship introduced and what was its main purpose?

Fertility



13th century bc

Dithyramb

Hymns sung in unison by the chorus

What where the four festivals that where held each year?

Rural Dionysia


Lenaia


Anthesteria


City Dionysia

What was thespian drama?

One actor and a chorus



Single actor used masks for various characters



Robes of Thespis: costumes

What 3 elements are necessary for drama?

Actors


Conflict


Audience

Explain the city Dionysia festival?

End of March



Attended by all citizens



Most plays written for this festival



Prep 10-11 months



3 tragic plays 1 comedy


Play on each day but first day was the procession

What prizes where given?

Best tragedy


Best comedy


Best production


Best tragic action

Who financed the chorus

The choregoi which were wealthy citizens

What did the chorus do between episodes?

Gave lyrical commentary on the action taking place



Enlightened audience on deeper meanings



Provides relief from previous tensions

Where did the chorus always act?

Around the altar of Dionysus

How many people where in the chorus

50 then 12 then 15

When did the chorus enter

After the prologue

What where some of the choruses functions?

They functioned as a character in the play, giving advice, asking questions, giving opinions, taking a role in plays dramatic action



Was the the ideal spectator, reacting at the right points



Helped set mood of the play or heighten the dramatic affect



Added movement , dance and song



Presented background of the story



Sang hymns to the gods

Explain what a tunic or chiton was?

Their costumes.


Ankle length


Embroider, elaborate


Allowed for freedom of movement and speech


Colour of costume indicated status

What did the tragic actor where and how did he act?

Static, God like creature, speaking and singing in harmony with the music



Dignified, , formal, upright voice



High headdress



Mask with distorted features



Thick soled boots



Padded clothing



Costume added divinity to role and enhanced stage presence



Colours indicated class






Explain how the comic actor dressed and how he acted:

Agile, acrobatic, versatile



Less hampering costume



Soft slippers



Flesh coloured tights



Short tunic



Heavily padded


Large leather phallus


Very exaggerated masks

What was the invention from Aeschylus and give the themes in his plays

Introduced the second actor to allow face to face conflict



Reduced importance of chorus



Themes:


Mans relationship with gods and universe


Justice


Morals

What was the invention from Euripedes and give the themes in his plays

Reduced role of chorus



Turned to melodrama



Themes:


Philosophical



Questioned Athenian ideals



Gods appeared petty and not effective

What was the invention from Sophocles and give the themes in his plays

Introduced third actor


Developed greater dramatic complexity



Themes:


Human relationships


Skillful climaxes


Great observer of people

Skene

Where actors could change roles



Formed background for play



Entrance for actors

Paraskenia

Projecting side wings

Paradoi

Entrances for chorus between paraskenia and auditorium into orchestra area

Exhaustra

Where bodies where wheeled in afterwards

Machina

How gods made appearances from roof of stage house , scene with crane like device

Periaktoi

3 flats put together to make a triangle

Koilon

Was the auditorium of the Greek theatre

Proedria

Front rows in theatre reserved for priest

Orchestra

Flat terrace where chorus performed

What are the six elements of tragedy according to Aristotle?

Plot


Characters


Verbal expression


Thought


Visual adornment


Song composition

What are the six elements of tragedy according to Aristotle?

Plot


Characters


Verbal expression


Thought


Visual adornment


Song composition

What is the best tragic plot?

Single and complex

What are the six elements of tragedy according to Aristotle?

Plot


Characters


Verbal expression


Thought


Visual adornment


Song composition

What is the best tragic plot?

Single and complex

What is a characteristic of plots in comedies?

Double plot- opposite endings for good and bad- good rewarded and wicked are punished

What are the six elements of tragedy according to Aristotle?

Plot


Characters


Verbal expression


Thought


Visual adornment


Song composition

What is the best tragic plot?

Single and complex

What is a characteristic of plots in comedies?

Double plot- opposite endings for good and bad- good rewarded and wicked are punished

What do all plots have?

Pathos - suffering

What are the six elements of tragedy according to Aristotle?

Plot


Characters


Verbal expression


Thought


Visual adornment


Song composition

What is the best tragic plot?

Single and complex

What is a characteristic of plots in comedies?

Double plot- opposite endings for good and bad- good rewarded and wicked are punished

What do all plots have?

Pathos - suffering

What does a complex plot include?

Reversal: (peripeteia)


When a situation seems to be developing in one direction and suddenly reverses to another



Recognition : (anagnorisis)


A change from ignorance to awareness of a bond of love or hate.



Tragic reversals and recognitions best arouses pity and fear



Suffering: (pathos)


Destructive or painful act


Sympathy, empathy

What are the six elements of tragedy according to Aristotle?

Plot


Characters


Verbal expression


Thought


Visual adornment


Song composition

What is the best tragic plot?

Single and complex

What is a characteristic of plots in comedies?

Double plot- opposite endings for good and bad- good rewarded and wicked are punished

What do all plots have?

Pathos - suffering

What does a complex plot include?

Reversal: (peripeteia)


When a situation seems to be developing in one direction and suddenly reverses to another



Recognition : (anagnorisis)


A change from ignorance to awareness of a bond of love or hate.



Tragic reversals and recognitions best arouses pity and fear



Suffering: (pathos)


Destructive or painful act


Sympathy, empathy

Catharsis

Purification :


Tragedy raises the emotions of pity and fear then purified or purges them

What are the six elements of tragedy according to Aristotle?

Plot


Characters


Verbal expression


Thought


Visual adornment


Song composition

What is the best tragic plot?

Single and complex

What is a characteristic of plots in comedies?

Double plot- opposite endings for good and bad- good rewarded and wicked are punished

What do all plots have?

Pathos - suffering

What does a complex plot include?

Reversal: (peripeteia)


When a situation seems to be developing in one direction and suddenly reverses to another



Recognition : (anagnorisis)


A change from ignorance to awareness of a bond of love or hate.



Tragic reversals and recognitions best arouses pity and fear



Suffering: (pathos)


Destructive or painful act


Sympathy, empathy

Catharsis

Purification :


Tragedy raises the emotions of pity and fear then purified or purges them

Satyres

Half men half goats

What are the six elements of tragedy according to Aristotle?

Plot


Characters


Verbal expression


Thought


Visual adornment


Song composition

What is the best tragic plot?

Single and complex

What is a characteristic of plots in comedies?

Double plot- opposite endings for good and bad- good rewarded and wicked are punished

What do all plots have?

Pathos - suffering

What does a complex plot include?

Reversal: (peripeteia)


When a situation seems to be developing in one direction and suddenly reverses to another



Recognition : (anagnorisis)


A change from ignorance to awareness of a bond of love or hate.



Tragic reversals and recognitions best arouses pity and fear



Suffering: (pathos)


Destructive or painful act


Sympathy, empathy

Catharsis

Purification :


Tragedy raises the emotions of pity and fear then purified or purges them

Satyres

Half men half goats

What festival die comedy start from?

The Lenaia festival

What are the six elements of tragedy according to Aristotle?

Plot


Characters


Verbal expression


Thought


Visual adornment


Song composition

What is the best tragic plot?

Single and complex

What is a characteristic of plots in comedies?

Double plot- opposite endings for good and bad- good rewarded and wicked are punished

What do all plots have?

Pathos - suffering

What does a complex plot include?

Reversal: (peripeteia)


When a situation seems to be developing in one direction and suddenly reverses to another



Recognition : (anagnorisis)


A change from ignorance to awareness of a bond of love or hate.



Tragic reversals and recognitions best arouses pity and fear



Suffering: (pathos)


Destructive or painful act


Sympathy, empathy

Catharsis

Purification :


Tragedy raises the emotions of pity and fear then purified or purges them

Satyres

Half men half goats

What festival die comedy start from?

The Lenaia festival

What does comedy consist of?

Old comedy: two parts;


Agon, debate


Komos, ending, merrymaking



New comedyb

What are the six elements of tragedy according to Aristotle?

Plot


Characters


Verbal expression


Thought


Visual adornment


Song composition

What is the best tragic plot?

Single and complex

What is a characteristic of plots in comedies?

Double plot- opposite endings for good and bad- good rewarded and wicked are punished

What do all plots have?

Pathos - suffering

What does a complex plot include?

Reversal: (peripeteia)


When a situation seems to be developing in one direction and suddenly reverses to another



Recognition : (anagnorisis)


A change from ignorance to awareness of a bond of love or hate.



Tragic reversals and recognitions best arouses pity and fear



Suffering: (pathos)


Destructive or painful act


Sympathy, empathy

Catharsis

Purification :


Tragedy raises the emotions of pity and fear then purified or purges them

Satyres

Half men half goats

What festival die comedy start from?

The Lenaia festival

What does comedy consist of?

Old comedy: two parts;


Agon, debate


Komos, ending, merrymaking



New comedyb

Who was Aristophanes?

Related to politics and social customs of the time



Titles: Birds, Frogs, Wasps



Themes: social satire, personal criticism, obscenity



40 plays, 11 survived



Old comedy



Chorus played satire

What are the six elements of tragedy according to Aristotle?

Plot


Characters


Verbal expression


Thought


Visual adornment


Song composition

Who was Menander?

Comic dramatist



New comedy



Humorous



Politically inoffensive



Comic situations of urban life, domestic affairs



Plots tell of family matters, missing children, delayed marriages, mistaken identities



Romantic comedy of manners



Chorus disappeared

What is the best tragic plot?

Single and complex

What is a characteristic of plots in comedies?

Double plot- opposite endings for good and bad- good rewarded and wicked are punished

What do all plots have?

Pathos - suffering

What does a complex plot include?

Reversal: (peripeteia)


When a situation seems to be developing in one direction and suddenly reverses to another



Recognition : (anagnorisis)


A change from ignorance to awareness of a bond of love or hate.



Tragic reversals and recognitions best arouses pity and fear



Suffering: (pathos)


Destructive or painful act


Sympathy, empathy

Catharsis

Purification :


Tragedy raises the emotions of pity and fear then purified or purges them

Satyres

Half men half goats

What festival die comedy start from?

The Lenaia festival

What does comedy consist of?

Old comedy: two parts;


Agon, debate


Komos, ending, merrymaking



New comedyb

Who was Aristophanes?

Related to politics and social customs of the time



Titles: Birds, Frogs, Wasps



Themes: social satire, personal criticism, obscenity



40 plays, 11 survived



Old comedy



Chorus played satire