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17 Cards in this Set

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Bacteria covered by amoxicillin

HELPS: H. influenzae, E. coli, Listeria, Proteus, and salmonella

"Penicillins" are the initial best therapy for?

Otitis media, dental infection and endocarditis prophylaxis, lyme disease limited to rash joint, or seventh cranial nerve involvement, UTI in pregnant women, Listeria monocytogenes, enterococcal infections

Penicilinase resistant penicillins (PRPs): oxacillin, cloxacillin, dicloxacillin and nafcillin are used to treat?

Skin infections, endocarditis, meningitis, and bacteremia from staph; osteomyelitis and septic arhtritis only when the organism is proven sensitive

Piperacillin, ticarcillin, azlocillin, mezlocillin

agents that cover gram negative bacilli, from the large enterobacteriaciae group as well as pseudomonads

best initial therapy for: cholecystitis and ascending cholangitis, pyelonephitits, bacteremia, hospital-acquired and ventilator associated pneumonia; neutropenia and fever

First gen cephalosporins used to treat?

staph, strep, osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, endocarditis, cellulitis

Cefotetan and cefoxitin are used for?

PID in combo with doxyycline

Third gen cephalosporins treatment (ceftriaxone)

first line for pneumococcus (meningitis, CAP, gonorrhea, lyme disease the heart or brain)

Cefepime is used to treat?

Neutropenia and fever; ventilator associated pneumonia


exclusively for gram negative bacilli including pseudomonas; no cross reaction with penicillin

Quinolones cause

bone growth abnormalitites

Tendonitis and achilles tendon rupture

Best therapy for CAP?


doxycycline treatment

chlamydia, lyme disease, rickettsia, MRSA, Borrelia

TMP/SMX side effects

rash, hemolysis with G6PD deficiency and bone marrow suppression (folate antagonist)

Minor MRSA infections are treated with

TMP/SMX; Doxycycline; Clindamycin; Linezolid

Most likely diagnosis? AIDS patient with <100 CD4 cells/ul


Protein level in meningitis?


Viral usually normal

Glucose level in meningitis

Bacterial: decreased

Viral; usually normal