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36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
There are 5 families of lizards in Australia?
Legless lizards
Give 3 examples of pet lizard species
1. Bearded dragons
2. Blu- tongue lizards
3. Shingleback lizards
Give examples of transportation for small and large lizards
Small= plastic container with holes/ calico bag
Large= Heavy sack / secure box
What should you never pick up when restraining a lizard?
the tail! they can lose iit!
How do you hold a small lizrad?
Cupped in the hand and restrained in the other
How do ou restrain moderate size lizards and dragons?
1. Gently hold behind mandibles
2. Support body on palm of hand
How do you restrian a large lizard?
1. Protective gloves
2. Behind head
3. Support body and tail
4. Pull forelimbs and hindlimbs in full extension
5. May require pinning stick
What is the head bandaged technique which is useful for dragons and iguanas??
- gentle pressure applied to the eyes by hand / head bandage
- elicit the vaso- vagal response
- should not be doen longer than 10 minutes
good for non invasive non painful procedures/
WHat are tehe general principles of chemical restraint? 2
- painful and invasive procedure require GA
- response to anaesthsis is temperature dependent (KEEP WARM!)
Describe giving inhalational anaesthsia to a lizard 4.
- Iso is used
- IPPV for induction and maintenance
- Some need injectable sedation to enable iintubation due to strong jaw tone
How do you administer injectable sedation? 1
Give 4 types of injectable sedation?
- Alfaxan
- Zoletil
- Ketamine
What are the 4 things to look out for monitoring anaesthesia?
1. Heart rate - doppler
2. Respiration - IPPV and observe body expansion
3. Maintain PBT
4. Loss of reflexes- righting response to stimuli
Describe 2 places of venipuncture and how to attain it?
1. Ventral Coccygeal vein
- req good manual restraint
- make sure needle advance between scales and in contact with bone
- blood flow is slow

2. Ventral abdominal vein
- larger lizards
- require chemical restraint
What are teh 3 ways of parental adminitration and where?
1/ IM - forelimb / hindlimb
2. SC- loose skin in axillary /inguinal region

3. ICe
4. Intraosseous
What is the nature of antibiotic treatment of reptiles?
- gram -ve enteric
- resistant to common antibiotics
- require minimum 5-7 treatments
What are your 3 types of antibiotics for lizars?
1. Ceftazidime
2. Enrofloxocin
3. Amakacin
What is your best diagnostic tool to work up common injuries and diseases?
Husbandry! - HIStory
Describe dermatitis - what sort (3)?
- Often serious in reptiles
- Ability to slough useful

Necrotic dermatitis
1. Bacterial
2. Blister Disease
3. Fungal dermatitis
What is the common name for skin diseases in lizards?
Give 3 examples of clinical signs?
Scale rot and skin rot
1. Discolouration of scales
2. Haemorrhagic sclaes
3. Ulceration of skin
How would you diagnose scale rot? and treat it?
Diagnose with cytology
1. Debride - GA
2. Disinfect
3. Systemic antibiotics
What are 3 causes of dysecdysis?
1. Low humidity
2. Abbrasive environment
3. Dermatitis
How would you treat dysecdysis?
1. Address underlyin problem
2. Soak the animal in warm water and remove areas with towel - ensure ability to breathe.
What is MBD?
general metabolic disorder across all species
lizrds most susceptible (juvenile)
- gravid females at risk
What cause MBD? 2
1. Inadequate diet
2. Lack of exposure to UVB
Give 3 clinical signs of MBD?
1. Weak floppy animal
2. Underweight
3. Skeletal deformities
How would you diagnose MBD?
- History
- Radiography
How would you treat MBD? 4
1. treat with supportive treamtent ( fluids)
2. Ca supplementation
3. Vit D3
Describe limb fracture 3?
1. Usually simple and closed
2. Diagnosis : lameness, palpation and radiography
3. Preexisting MBD = pathological
Describe periondontal disease.
1. What species
2. Cause
3. Clinical signs
4. Diagnosis
5. Treatment
1. What species : Dragon and chameleons
2. Cause: diet, stress, bad husbandry
3. Clinical signs: mouth gaping, tartar build up, mouth swelling, weight loss
4. Diagnosis: radiography
5, Debridement, systemic antibiotics
What are the pathogenesis of dystocia? 3
- infertile eggs
- egg resorbtion
- embryonic death = maternal toxicity
What is Gout?
Blood level of uric acid exceed renal threshold
- Uric acid crystls deposited in joints and viscera
What are the 3 cause of Gout?
1. dehydration
2. increased uric production - high protein diets
3. kidney fialure
What are the clinical signs of gout 2
1. visceral gout- lethargy dehydration
2. Articular gout - swollen joints / lameness
What are the diagnosisof gout 3
2. Blood smaples
3. Radiography
What are the treatment of gout 3
1. decrease uric acid levels - decrease protein in diet
2. Promote urate excretion- rehydration
3. Manage arthiritis.
What are the 3 main groups of parasites ?
Strongyloides, ascarid - diarrhoea

Oxyurids- non pathogenic

Entamoeba - potentially fatal