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45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
describe the superficial fascia
fatty layer of connective tissue, loose areolar, fat distribution is dependent on hormones
describe the deep fascia
encloses structures deep to superficial fascia, dense organized connective tissue
What is the thoracolumbar fascia and which muscle is it associated with
deep fascia, lastimus dorsi
trapezius muscle origin
superial nuchal line, external occipital protuberance, ligamentum nuchae, and spinous processes of C7-T12
Tranpezius muscle insertion
upper- lateral third of the clavicle, acromion process, spine of scapula

middle and lower- medial end of the spine of the scapula
what does the trapezius do
upper- elevate
upper and lower- rotate scapula
Does the trapezius act on the shoulder? shoulder joint?
trapezius innervation
accessory nerve CN11, C3, C4
trapezius blood supply
transverse or superfiscial arteries
latissimus dorsi origin
spinous processes of T7 down to the sacrum, crest of the ilium, lower ribs
posterior to the sacrum the latissimus dorsi is fused to what?
tendon of the erector spinae muscles
Insertion of the latissimus dorsi
lesser tubercular ridge and intertubercular sulcus of the humerus
what does the latissimus dorsi do
extends, adducts, and medially rotates the humerus
acts on shoulder joint
what innervates the latissimus dorsi
thoracodorsal nerve
what is the blood supply for the latissimus dorsi
thoracodorsal vessels
where is the origin of the levator scapulae muscle
transverse process of the upper four cervical vertebrae
where does the levator scapulae muscle insert
vertebral border of the scapula
innervation of levator scapulae
C3,4 cervical plexus and the dorsal scapular nerve
blood supply of levator scapulae
dorsal scapular vessels
rhomboideous major origin? minor
major: spinous process of c7-t4
minor: lower part of ligamentum nuchae and spine of C7
insertion rhomboideus major/minor
vertebral border of scapular below spine

vertebral border of scapula at the level of the spine
innervation of rhomboideus
dorsal scapular nerve
blood supply
dorsal scapular vessels
what do the rhomboideus do
retract shoulder
serratus posterior superior and inferior muscles- origin
midline from spinous process
serratus posterior superior and inferior muscles- insertion
serratus posterior superior and inferior muscles- innervation
intercostal nerves
serratus posterior superior and inferior muscles- function
borders of the triangle of auscultation
lateral- scapula
medial- trapezius
inferior- latissumus dorsi muscle
splenius capitis and cervicis- origin
ligamentum nuchae and spinous process of C7-T6
splenius capitis and cervicis muscles- insertion
superior nuchal line, mastoid process, and transverse processes of C2 and C3
splenius capitis and cervicis function
extend the head and neck, turn the head
splenius capitis and cervicis- innervation
dorsal primary rami
erector spinae muscles- function
priniciple extensor of back
erector spinae muscles- the three
spinalis, longissimus, iliocostalis
erector spinae- mnuemonic
I long for spinnach (from lateral to medial)
erector spinae innervation
dorsal primary rami
transversospinal group of muscles
rotator, multifidus, semispenalis
suboccipital triangle
four muscles, important nuerovascular structures housed there
muscles of suboccipital triangle
inferior oblique muscle, superior oblique muscle, rectus capitis posterior minor muscle, rectus capitis posterior major muscle
inferior oblique muscle
origin spine oc C2
insertion transverse process of C1
superior oblique muscle
origin: transverse c1
insertion occipital bone
recutus capitis posterior minor
origin- posterior tubercle of C1
insertion- occipital bone
rectus capitis posterior major
origin spinous process of C2
insertion occipital bone
suboccpital triangle innervation
suboccipital nerve