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54 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What made inland travel and trade difficult in Greece?
mountainous terrain
Which of the following best describes a Greek polis?
a capital city with its surrounding countryside and villages
Which cultural element below did Greeks city-states not share?
Who were the Mycenaeans?
Indo-Europeans who migrated to Greece
Which describes the geography of Greece?
rugged mountains
Which describes Zeus?
king of the gods
What is the Iliad about?
the Trojan War
Which polis is considered the birthplace of democracy?
What happened at the Battle of Marathon?
the Athenians defeated the Persians.
How did the people of Athens feel after the Persian Wars?
proud and confident
Which war was fought between Sparta and Athens?
the Peloponnesian War
How did Sparta turn the tide in its war against Athens?
by forming an alliance with Persia
What occurred in Greece following the decline of the Mycenaean kingdoms?
a dark age
Which does not describe Athens?
a place where the people focused so exclusively on war that they had little time for cultural pursuits
Why did the Persians go to war against Athens?
They wanted to punish the Athenians for supporting the Ionian revolt.
Which does not describe Pericles?
a ruthless leader ostracized by the citizens of Athens
Which is an accurate statement about Greek art and architecture?
Greek art and architecture are characterized by order, symmetry, and balance.
Which major theme did Aeschylus explore in many of his plays?
hubris, or excessive pride
What is Herodotus best known for?
He is called the father of history because he was the first writer who did research to determine the facts about historical events.
Which temple is considered the best example of the Greek ideals of order and balance in architecture?
The Parthenon
Who composed the Iliad and the Odyssey?
What did Herodotus and Thucydides establish as a field of study?
Who analyzed different forms of government in the Republic?
Why was Plato skeptical about democracy?
He believed uneducated masses could not make good decisions.
Who is known as the father of medicine?
What two civilizations did Alexander the Great conquer as he built his empire?
Egypt and Persia
Which explains why Hellenistic culture spread so widely in the centuries following Alexander's death?
Rome adopted many Greek cultural elements, which spread during its conquests.
Which best describes a major cause of the Punic Wars?
Rome wanted to keep Carthage from completely taking over Sicily.
Which describes a change that occurred in Rome about 100 B.C.?
patricians were becoming wealthier and plebeians were becoming poorer.
How was the early Roman Republic founded?
Patricians overthrew an Etruscan king.
Which members of Roman society were a minority, but held most of the power in the early Roman Republic?
What was Rome's first set of written laws called?
Twelve Tables
Into how many branches was the government of the early Roman Republic divided?
What did Romans value the most during the early republic?
duty to the state
Which best describes why Rome went to war with Carthage?
Rome was concerned that Carthage wanted to extend its empire into Italy.
Which general crossed the Alps to attack Rome from the north?
Which was a condition that existed in Rome around 100 B.C. that contributed to the eventual downfall of the republic?
a widening gap between the rich and the poor
How was Julius Caesar able to defy the Senate, cross the Rubicon, and engage in a civil war with his enemies?
He had amassed a large, loyal personal army.
As Rome's first dictator, which did Caesar achieve?
lowered taxes and gave food and land to the poor
Who came to power after the death of Julius Caesar and eventually became Rome's first emperor?
Actions by which body resulted in the fall of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire?
Which achievements during the Pax Romana helped unify the empire?
the standardization of language, coinage, weights and measures, and law
What was a significant result of the Pax Romana?
Roman culture thrived and spread throughout the empire.
How did Roman emperors try to keep Roman citizens happy?
They hosted entertainment and gave away free grain, oil, and wine.
Who is considered Rome's greatest poet?
Which are examples of Roman achievements?
invention of the dome and concrete
Christianity had its beginnings in which Roman province?
Who first despised the Christian movement, but then later traveled to preach Jesus' message?
What did Constantine do that helped spread Christianity?
made Christianity a legally recognized faith
Which was NOT true of the early Christian Church?
Christian communities spread across the Roman world, but all followed a clear theology.
Which was a problem that the Roman Empire faced after A.D. 200?
a lack of strong leadership
What did Diocletian do in an attempt to address the problems the Roman Empire was facing?
He divided the empire into two sections.
Which was the primary reason that the Western Roman Empire fell?
invading tribes of barbarians
Which is considered Rome's greatest legacy?
ideas about law