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48 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
A planned undertaking that has a beginning and an end and that produces a desired result or product
Systems Development Life Cycle (SDLC)
"The entire process of building
Predictive Approach
An SDLC approach that assumes the development project can be planned and organized in advance and that the new information system can be developed according to the plan.
Adaptive Approach
"An SDLC approach that is more flexible
Waterfall Approach
As SDLC approach that assumes the various phases of a project can be completed sequentially - one phase leads (falls) into the next phase
Spiral Model
An adaptive SDLC approach that cycles over and over again through development activities until a project is complete
A preliminary working model showing some aspect of a larger system
"System development process in which work activities - analysis
Incremental Development
A development approach that completes parts of a system in several iterations and then puts them into operation for users
System Development Methodology
"Guidelines to follow for completing every activity in systems development
A representation of an important aspect of the real world
Unified Modeling Language (UML)
A standard set of model constructs and notations developed specifically for object-oriented development
Software support that helps create models or other components required in the project
A computer-aided system engineering tool that helps a system analyst complete development task
A collection of guidelines that help an analyst complete a system development activity or task
Best Practices
Generally accepted approaches for completing a system development task that have been proven over time to be effective
Unified Process (UP)
"An object-oriented system development methodology originally developed by Grady Booch
Use Case
"An activity the system carries out
A set of functionally related activities that together contribute to one aspect of a UP development project
UP work products
Problem Domain
The area of the user's business that needs an information system solution
Object-oriented Approach
A system development approach that views an information system as a collection of interacting objects that work together to accomplish tasks
A thing in the computer system that can respond to message
Object-oriented Analysis (OOA)
Defining all of the types of objects that do the work in a system and showing what user interactions are required to complete tasks
Object-oriented Design (OOD)
"Defining all of the types of objects necessary to communicate with people and devices in the system
Object-oriented Programming (OOP)
"Writing statements in a programming language to define what each type of object does
"Characteristic of the object-oriented approach that describes its match with the way people usually think about their world - that is
Benefit of the object-oriented approach that allows classes and objects to be invented once and used many times
User Interface Object
"An object the user interacts with while using the system
"Object characteristics that have values
Behaviors or operations that describe what an object is capable of doing
Problem Domain Objects
"Objects that are specific to a business application - for example
A type or classification to which all similar objects belong
A synonym for object
"Communications between objects in which one object asks another object to invoke
Association Relationship
"Naturally occurring relationships between objects
The number of association between objects
Combining attributes and methods into one unit and hiding it internal structure of objects
Information Hiding
A characteristic of object-oriented development in which data associated with an object are not visible to the outside world
A unique reference to an object that allows another object to find it and send it a message
Persistent Objects
Objects that a system remembers and that are available for use over time
A concept in which one class of objects shares some characteristics of another class
"A general class in a generalization/specialization hierarchy
"A specialization class in a generalization/specialization hierarchy
Generalization/Specialization Hierarchy
A classification system that structures or ranks classes from the more general superclass to the more specialized subclasses; also called inheritance hierarchy
A characteristic of objects that allows them to respond differently to the same message
"A database of information about the system used by a CASE tool
Round-trip Engineering
Automating the process of synchronizing graphical models with program code so changes to code automatically update the models and change to models automatically update the code.