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4 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Action potential

Bookdefinition: “The sudden change in electric potential thattravels down the axon of a neuron. (p. 12)”

Aphasia

Bookdefinition: “An impairment of speech that results from abrain injury. (p. 17)”


Examples: Fluent aphasia (alsoknown as Wernicke’s aphasia), is caused by damage to Wernicke’s area and results in problems understanding and producingmean...

Bookdefinition: “An impairment of speech that results from abrain injury. (p. 17)”




Examples: Fluent aphasia (alsoknown as Wernicke’s aphasia), is caused by damage to Wernicke’s area and results in problems understanding and producingmeaning (semantics) in written and spoken language, but with an otherwiseintact grammar and prosody (syntax). Non-fluentaphasia (also known as Broca’s aphasia), is caused by damage to Broca’s area and results in problemscreating fluent and syntactically correct sentences (so-called ‘telegraphicspeech’).

Artificial intelligence (AI)

Bookdefinition: “A field of computer science that attempts todevelop programs that will enable machines to display intelligent behavior. (p.1)”


Axon

Bookdefinition: “The part of a neuron that carries information from one region of the brain toanother. (p. 12)” 


Axons connect, or synapse, to the tree-like dendrites of other neurons. Axons can bemyelinated, meaning they becomesurrounded by...

Bookdefinition: “The part of a neuron that carries information from one region of the brain toanother. (p. 12)”




Axons connect, or synapse, to the tree-like dendrites of other neurons. Axons can bemyelinated, meaning they becomesurrounded by a layer of fat that functions as electrical insulation, makingthe electrical impulses passing through them faster. s z#@