Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/5

Click to flip

5 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

1. Hitler's leadership skills

- New strategy employed by Hitler and the Nazis to try to gain power, reorganisation of the party was required to facilitate the new strategy of legality




- Hitler persuades Hindenburg to dissolve the Reichstag on 1st Feb and to hold new elections




- Reorganisation of the party. Under Gregor Strasser membership increased to 108,000 by 1928.




- Great oratory skills as attacks on race appealed to many




- 1926 Bamberg Conference, became undisputed leader of the party, adopts FUHRERPRINZIP

2. The Depression

- Presented an opportunity for Nazism to flourish




- High unemployment and financial insecurity undermined confidence in the political structures as 6 million were unemployed by 1932, 5 major banks closed and 50,000 businesses went bankrupt




- People turned away from democracy seeking radical solutions to problems and so the Nazis and other extremist parties gained more popularity as shown




- Nazis become involved with big business as 11% of Nazis are industrialists. Alliance with IG Farben and Krupps gave the party necessary financial backing and legitimacy

3. Constitutional weaknesses

- PR meant parties against Weimar got representation and coalitions were weak as shown in Muller’s Grand Coalition (5 parties together, weak)




- Bruning’s decision to use A48 to dissolve the Reichstag lead to early elections when Nazis made gains (18.3% of the vote) and other extremist parties such as KPD (13.1%) caused disillusionment with public

4. Right Wing Politicians

- Hindenburg used A48 excessively as people became accustomed to authoritarianism. By the time Hitler used it it was old news. Presidential decrees 1930: 5, in 1932:66




- Hindenburg wanted restoration of authoritarian government




- Elite underestimated Hitler and used him to further their own gains but it backfired as Hitler became stronger than them.




-HOWEVER, Nazi votes were in decline from 230 seats in July 1932 to 196 in November)

5. Propaganda

- Portrayed Hitler as a solution and that communism was the threat. Used the Reichstag fire and arrest of Van der Lubbe to create a communist conspiracy and that only the SA were capable of stopping it




- Propaganda targeted to different audiences through associationism (e.g Hitler Youth, Nazi Teacher’s Association when 97% joined)




- Nazi membership tripled 1925-7




- Access to Hugenburg’s mass media empire, used sophisticated technology and cheap poster campaigns to spread Nazi ideals and increase awareness and popularity