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27 Cards in this Set

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Generates Hypothesis
Qualitative research
Tests Hypothesis
Quantitative research
Assigned exposures
Experimental study
Testing a hypothesis (observational)

analytical study

Exposure
Cohort Study
Outcome
Case-Control Study
Cross-sectional study
type of observational study that analyses data collected from a population, or a representative subset, at a specific point in time—that is, cross-sectional data.
Occurs when a (third, or other) variable is associated with BOTH the exposure and outcome being studied
co-founding
Describe how things are  Example National College Health Assessment Survey (health habits of post-secondary students)Useful for public health agencies and health care planning

descriptive studies

Infamous case study
MMR and autism
longitudinal and prospective
cohort study
famous cohort study
framingham heart study
retrospective
case-control study
case-control study

cancer testing

Measure variables at the level of populations rather than individuals
ecological studies
Interventions test the effects of treatments:
experimental/intervention studies
Assign them randomly to either the experimental group or "control" group
randomized control trials
bottom of study design pyramid
case reports
Document written by a panel that provides a comprehensive review of all relevant studies on a particular health topic/question
systematic review
Method to systematically combine data from different studies to develop a single conclusion
meta analysis
“The five Ds”:
death, disease, disability, discomfort, or distress
Objective & numerical
subjective & qualitative
mortality
the state of being mortal, or the incidence of death (# of deaths) in a population
morbility
to the disease state of on individual or the incidence of illness in a population
prevelence
The number of people with a given characteristic (commonly, disease or risk factor) at a given time, divided by the population at risk of having that condition.
incidence
Measure of speed at which new cases of diseases (or deaths) arise in a population during a fixed time.