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27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Generates Hypothesis
Qualitative research
Tests Hypothesis
Quantitative research
Assigned exposures
Experimental study
Testing a hypothesis (observational)

analytical study

Cohort Study
Case-Control Study
Cross-sectional study
type of observational study that analyses data collected from a population, or a representative subset, at a specific point in time—that is, cross-sectional data.
Occurs when a (third, or other) variable is associated with BOTH the exposure and outcome being studied
Describe how things are  Example National College Health Assessment Survey (health habits of post-secondary students)Useful for public health agencies and health care planning

descriptive studies

Infamous case study
MMR and autism
longitudinal and prospective
cohort study
famous cohort study
framingham heart study
case-control study
case-control study

cancer testing

Measure variables at the level of populations rather than individuals
ecological studies
Interventions test the effects of treatments:
experimental/intervention studies
Assign them randomly to either the experimental group or "control" group
randomized control trials
bottom of study design pyramid
case reports
Document written by a panel that provides a comprehensive review of all relevant studies on a particular health topic/question
systematic review
Method to systematically combine data from different studies to develop a single conclusion
meta analysis
“The five Ds”:
death, disease, disability, discomfort, or distress
Objective & numerical
subjective & qualitative
the state of being mortal, or the incidence of death (# of deaths) in a population
to the disease state of on individual or the incidence of illness in a population
The number of people with a given characteristic (commonly, disease or risk factor) at a given time, divided by the population at risk of having that condition.
Measure of speed at which new cases of diseases (or deaths) arise in a population during a fixed time.