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77 Cards in this Set

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Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 4: How Do Animals Behave?

What are instincts?
behaviors that animals are born knowing how to do
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 4: How Do Animals Behave?

What are some examples of institncts?
a bird building a nest and caring for its young, an animal finding food or shelter
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 4: How Do Animals Behave?

What are some examples of learned behaviors?
a bird learning to avoid bad-tasting insects, a dog learning a trick
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 4: How Do Animals Behave?

Why do some animals hibernate?
The animals cannot find enough food to keep their bodies warm during the winter.
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 4: How Do Animals Behave?

Why do animals migrate?
to escape the cold and to find better food sources
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 4: How Do Animals Behave?

Why do birds migrate?
They migratre south to avoid cold weather and lack of food in winter; they migrate north to raise their young
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 4: How Do Animals Behave?

Why do whales migrate?
They migrate south in winter to give birth to their young; they migrate north in summer to take advantage of abundant food.
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 4: How Do Animals Behave?

Who do monarch butterflies migrate?
They migrate south to warmer places to rest for the winter; they migrate north in spring to feed and lay their eggs
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 4: How Do Animals Behave?

Name animals that travel south to escape cold weather?
birds, monarch butterflies, whales, caribou
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 4: How Do Animals Behave?

Name animals that have their young in their northern range?
BIRDS, MONARCH BUTTERFLIES, CARIBOU
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 4: How Do Animals Behave?

Name animals that have their young in their southern range?
gray whales
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 4: How Do Animals Behave?

Which animals make a yearly round trip signaled by the changed of the seasons?
birds, whales, butterflies, caribou
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 4: How Do Animals Behave?

Why do animals migrate?
to escape the cold and to find better food sources
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 4: How Do Animals Behave?

Where do caribou spend their summers?
in their nothern feeding grounds on the Arctic tundra
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 4: How Do Animals Behave?

Where do caribou spend their winters?
farther south where tehy can find food and the weather is not as harsh
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 4: How Do Animals Behave?

How far do caribou migrate?
The larger herds migrate between summer and winter ranges that are aobut 400 miles apart; smaller herds do not migrate as far
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 4: How Do Animals Behave?

If an animal is brightly colored, is it using mimicry or camouflage? Explain.
mimicry because its colors would stand out against most backgrounds
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 4: How Do Animals Behave?

If an animal that lives in the trees is a dull shake of green or brown, is it using mimicry or camouflage? Explain.
camouflage, because its colors would blend in whith its surroudings
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 4: How Do Animals Behave?

List two examples of instinct and two examples of learned behavior.
An instinct is a behavior pattern that an animal is born with; a learned behavior is acquired
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 4: How Do Animals Behave?

What happens to an animal's body when it hibernates?
Body temperature drops, and breathing and heartbeat slow
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 4: How Do Animals Behave?

Describe two behaviaors that animals have that enable them to survive cold winters.
Some animals hibernate, they eat a lot and then curl up in a safe place and go into a very deep sleep in which body processes slow down. Some animals migrate; they travel long distances to areas where the winter are not so harsh.
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 4: How Do Animals Behave?

A butterfly fish has spots near its tail that look like big eyes. Is this an example of camouflage or mimicry? Explain.
It is probably an example of mimicry; the bright colors would serve to advertise rather than hide the butterfly fish.
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 4: How Do Animals Behave?

Give an example of a learned behavior.
a dog sitting when you say "Sit."
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 5: What is extinction?

Waht does extinct mean?
Extinct means a living thing is gone forever and cona't come back. When the last individual dies, the species is extinct.
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 5: What is extinction?

How do scientists group animals that are in danger of becoming extinct?
They put them in two groups; species that will become extinct soon if not cared for, and species that will e in danger of becoming extinct if not cared for.
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 4: How do animals behave?

Define: species
the name that identifies an orgainism
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 5: What is Extinction?

What does it mean if an animals is endangered.
Species that are in danger of becoming extinct.
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 5: What is Extinction?

What does it mean that an animal is threatened?
A threatened species is on its way to becoming endangered or extinct.
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 5: What is Extinction?

What is a fossil?
Evidence of an animal or plant that lived a long time ago on Earth.
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 5: What is Extinction?

Fossils are evidence of plants or animals that lived on Earth a long time ago. What kinds of parts fossilize? Where are fossils found?
mostly hard parts like bones; in the ground
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 5: What is Extinction?

Why don't we have photographs of sabertoothed cats?
They became extinct thoughts of years ago.
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 5: What is Extinction?

How do we know that saber-toothed cats once roamed the Earth?
Scienctists have found their fossils.
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 4: How Do Animals Behave?

What is the area called were an animal lives?
It is called the animal's habitat.
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 4: How Do Animals Behave?

Why do people develop land?
They need room to build things such as houses, shopping centers, sports fields, and roads.
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 4: How Do Animals Behave?

The human poplatoion on Earth increases every year. How do you think this increase will affect the amount of habitat available for wildlife?
There will be less and less land for wildlife as people move into undeveloped areas and build communities there.
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 4: How Do Animals Behave?

What are the causes of extinction today?
habitat loss, new predators, overhunting
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 4: How Do Animals Behave?

What are some of the reasons that people hunt animals?
Some people hunt animals for food. Others hunt animals for sport. Still others hunt animals because the animals interfer with something that people are doing.
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 4: How Do Animals Behave?

Why did so many animals become extinct from huuting a few hundred years ago?
Back then, there were no laws against hunting because people didn't realize, or didn't care, that they could cause the animals to go extinct by overhunting
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 4: How Do Animals Behave?

What are the causes of extinction today?
habitat loss, new predators, overhunting
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 4: How Do Animals Behave?

How do laws protect animals?
The laws prevent hunting or use of the habitat by humans.
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 4: How Do Animals Behave?

How did these animals get off the endangered species list?
The animals increased their populations to the point where they were no longer in immediate danger of going extict.
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 4: How Do Animals Behave?

How were they able to increase their populations?
People made laws to protect the animals and their habitats. Tis protection allowed the animals to repoduce more successfully.
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 4: How Do Animals Behave?

How do laws protect endangered animals?
The laws prevent hunting or use of the habitat by humans.
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 4: How Do Animals Behave?

How are threatened species different from endangered species?
Endangered species are in danger of becoming extinct soon. Threatened species are in danger of becoming endangered soon. They are not as close to becoing extinct as endangered species are.
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 4: How Do Animals Behave?

How can people cause animals to become extinct?
by overhunting, by bringing new predators into an area, and most importantly by destoying the species' habitat
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 4: How Do Animals Behave?

What can we learn about how animals became extinct looking at fossils?
We can learn something about how they might have changed slightly from one form to another.
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 4: How Do Animals Behave?

How can we better protect animals that are threatned or endangered?
We can continue to pass laws that protect the animals from hunting and we can set aside protected land for them to live in. We can also educate people as to why diversity is important so everyone will want to protect the animals.
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Lesson 4: How Do Animals Behave?

What is the main cause of animal extinction today?
habitat loss
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Review

One trait of --- is a body covering called fur.
mammals
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Review

The features a young animal gets from its parents are called ---.
traits
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Review

Animals --- their traits from their parents.
inherit
Types of Animals
Unit A Chapter 2 Review

The features a young animal gets from its parents are called ---.
traits
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Review

Animals that begin life in water and later live on land are ---.
amphibians
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Review

Animals --- to the south to escape the cold winter.
migrate
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Review

--- have bodies covered with feathers.
Birds
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Review

Reptiles and fish have ---.
scales
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Review

When one animal looks like another it is called ---.
mimicry
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Review

Scales make it easy for --- to glide through the water.
fish
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Review

Young amphibians and fish use --- to take in oxygen.
gills
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Review

Behaviors that animals know without being taught are called ---.
instinct
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Review

--- have dry, scaly skin.
Reptiles
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Review

Evidence of a plant or animal that lived long ago is a ---.
fossil
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Review

An animal that has a color similar to its enviornment has ---.
camouflage
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Review

When all of one kind of organism dies, the organism is ---.
extinct
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Review

If the numbers of an organism are going down, the organism is ---.
threatened
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Review

Animals that sleep through the winter ---.
hibernate
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Review

A specific scientific name identifies a --- of an organism.
species
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Review

An --- species may become extinct.
endangered
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Review

What kind of shelter do beavers build?
lodge
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Review

What do all animals need?
air, food, water, living space (shelter)
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Review

Name four traits of mammals.
1. fur or hair 2. breathing air with lungs 3. giving birth to live young 4. feeding young with milk from the mother's body
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Review

Amphibians begin life in the water and more onto land as adults. Two other traits of amphibians are --- and ---.
have smooth, mosit skin; lay eggs
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Review

Two traits of reptiles are --- and ---.
lay eggs and have scales
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Review

Five traits of Birds are two legs, two wings, laying eggs, having a body covering of ---, and using --- to breathe air.
feathers, lungs
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Review

Which kind of animal feeds its young with milk from its body?
mammal
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Review
What are animals are made of?
cells
Unit A: Living Things
Chapter 2: Types of Animals
Review

Which kind of animal is a salamander?
amphibian