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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Discrimination against people because of increasing age
The branch of medicine dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and problems affecting older adults
The study of all aspects of the aging process and its consequences
Nursing concerned with the assessment of the health and functional status of older adults
Gerontological nursing
A seldom-used term, considers the nursing care of older adults to be the art and practice of mursing, caring, and comforting rather than the treatment of disease.
Gerontic nursing
The biological theories of aging are
Stochastic (stuh-kas-tik) or Nonstochastic
of or pertaining to a process involving a randomly determined sequence of observations each of which is considered as a sample of one element from a probability distribution.
Aging is viewed as the result of tandom cellular damage that occurs over time
Stochastic theories
Genetically programmed physioloical mechanisms within the body control the process of aging define
Nonstochastic theories
of or pertaining to the mental processes of perception, memory, judgment, and reasoning, as contrasted with emotional and volitional processes.
What are 3 common impairments for older adults?
1. Delirium
2. Dementia
3. Depression
An acute confusional state that is often due to a physiological cause
What are the physiological causes of delirium?
1. Electrolyte (inorganic compounds) imbalance
2. Cerebral anoxia
3. Hypoglycemia
4. Medications
5. Tumors
6. Subdural hematomas
7. Cerebrovascular infection
8. Infarction
9. Hemorrhage
an abnormally low amount of oxygen in the body tissues; hypoxia.
a localized area of tissue, as in the heart or kidney, that is dying or dead, having been deprived of its blood supply because of an obstruction by embolism or thrombosis.
How does delirium present?
It accompanies systemic infections that are presented as pneumonia or urinary tract infection.
What environmental factors can conribute to delirium?
1. Sensory deprivation
2. Unfamiliar surroundings
3. Psychosocial factors - emotional distress or pain
A generalized impairment of intellectual functioning that interferes with social and occupational functioning. It is a gradual,progressive, irreversible cerebral dysfunction.
What are the 4 major types of dementia?
1. Alzheimer's disease
2. Diffuse Lewy body disease (abnormal protein deposits that disrupt the brain's normal functioning. )
3. Frontal-temporal dementia
4. Vascular dementia
The presentation of degenerative disease in focal areas of the cerebral cortex
Frontal Temporal dementia
a condition of general emotional dejection and withdrawal; sadness greater and more prolonged than that warranted by any objective reason.
A communication technique that makes an older adult more aware of time, place, and person.
Reality Orientation
What is the purpose of reality orientation?
1. Restoring a sense of reality
2. Improving the level of awareness
3. Promoting socialization
4. Elevating independent functioning
5. Minimizing confusion
An alternative approach to communication with a confused older adult. It accepts the description of time and place as stated by the confused older adult.
Validation Therapy
Recalling the past
What are the three classic pyschosocial theories of aging?
1. Disengagement theory
2. Activity theory
3. Continuity theory
The oldest psychosocial theory states that aging individuals withdraw from customary roles and become introspective and self-focused.
Disengagement theory
The older adult continues with activities oerformed during middle age
Activity theory
The older adult's personality remains the same and behavior b ecomes more predictable with aging
Continuity theory
the loss of a previously held ability to speak or understand spoken or written language, due to disease or injury of the brain.
the loss of a previously held ability to speak or understand spoken or written language, due to disease or injury of the brain.