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51 Cards in this Set

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Corner Lot

bounded with streets on two sides (intersecting)

cul-de-sac lots

occur where a street is open at one end only and has a circular turn around at the other end.


a projection that extends out of the roof to provide additional light and ventilation

Double-hung windows

open by sliding the bottom half of the window up or sliding the top half down.

flag lots

are characterized by a long access road or driveway leading back to the main part of the lot.

flat roofs

also called built up roofs, are nearly flat and are constructed in layers of tar and gravel.

Gable roofs

use a single truss design in which the roof peaks at the center ridge and extends downward on two opposite sides

Gambrel roofs

also known as the American barn-style roof

Hip roofs

peak at the center ridge and extend downward on four opposite sides

Interior lots

are bounded on either side by another lot (lots in the middle of the block - not on the corner)

Key Lots

are generally long skinny lots similar to the shaft of a key that are often bounded by as many as five or six lots. Has added value because of its strategic location.

Mansard roofs

have shingles extending down over the top floor


is a type of construction that typically uses concrete blocks or bricks.


refers to the effectiveness of insulation and is measured by its resistance to heat flow.

Single-hung windows

have a lower sash that moves up and down

T-intersection lots

are interior lots that suffer from their location at the end of a T-intersection (a street ends in front of the lot).

Pier foundation

type of foundation that raises floor above ground level

Pier, slab-on-grade and basement

three basic residential foundations


a type of foundation, involves pouring a concrete slab directly on the ground. Most economical type of foundation.


extends around the perimeter of the building to provide support for the structure and helps prevent the structure from settling.

platform, balloon and post-and-beam

Three methods of wood-frame construction

platform construction

Each floor is built separately, with the first floor providing a work platform for the structure above. The wall framing is assembled on the concrete slab and then hoisted into place and anchored.

Balloon construction

used for two story construction; the studs extend continuously to the ceiling of the second floor.

Post-and-beam constuction

Sturdy posts support beams that are spaced up to 8 feet apart and covered with 2 inch planks that serve to form the floor, ceiling, and roof deck.

Masonry construction

brick and concrete block construction; common type of construction in Florida.

Saltbox roofs

a type of roof characterized by what appears to be a gable roof that then slopes steeply on one side.

Shed roofs

a type of roof that consists of a single steep plane. They are often used in contemporary architecture.

Mansard roof

a style of roof name after a French architect who is credited with using the style in Paris. Roofs that have shingles extending down over the top floor.

R-value, or resistance to heat flow

insulation efficiency is measured by

batt and blanket (fiberglass), loose fill, foam and rigid board.

4 types of insulation materials

US Department of Energy (DOE)

establishes minimum recommended R-values specific to zip code areas

Thermal pane windows

two panes of glass in one frame with an air space in between. They provide better insulation.

Fixed-pane windows

also called picture windows, they come in almost any side and they do not open

Awning windows

windows that typically are fixed at the top and tilt out with the aid of a crank to provide ventilation but have a limited open space. They are common in schools and multifamily housing.

casement windows

windows that consist of one or more sashed hinged at the side like a door, swinging horizontally out or in, usually with aid of a crank.

jalousie (or louver) windows

windows that were common in older homes in S. Florida because they allowed maximum ventilation. Glass louvers that overlap one another form the panes. Operated with a crank. They are almost impossible to seal making them very inefficient.

Sliding windows

horizontal sliding windows move back and forth on tracks.

hopper windows

a type of window that is hinged at the bottom and opens into the room.

center pivot windows

a type of window that pivots from a point at the center of the frame.

Double-hung windows

windows that open by sliding the bottom half of the window up or sliding the top half of the window down.

single-hung windows

probably the most common type of window today. The lower sash is movable only.


amount of electricity of current flowing


force that moves current


work performed


1000 watts

15 or 20 amps

amount of amps most circuits have

30 or 50 amps

amount of amps heavy duty circuits have


voltage x amps =


electricity travels in a closed loop also referred to as ------------------

refrigerator, clothes dryer or other large appliances

electrical cables labeled 8/2 with ground is most appropriate for wiring ----------------


type of construction involves pouring the slab directly on the ground with the footer