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9 Cards in this Set

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Piagats 4 stages of development

Sensorimotor stage: infants learn from touching feeling tasting.



Pre-operational stage: kids learn the pretend play but still struggle with logic and perspective



Concrete operational: perspective, think logically.



Formal operational:


Higher logic. Deductive reasoning, critical thinking. See more problems/solutions.

Piagats moral development 3

Pre-conventional:


Physical consequences. Simple. Selfish.



Conventional:


Approval by being nice. Impressing others. Obligations.



Post-conventional:


Right defined by rights and standards. Internal not external validation.

Kohlbergs moral stages 3

Pre conventional/moral:


Trouble avoiding. Self satisfaction.



Conventional/conformity:


For approval. By intentions. Stereotype obligations.



Post/self-accepted:


By law/standards. Self integrity.






Eriksons psychosocial development 8

Trust: hope, -11\2



Autonomy vs. shame: will -1.5 to 3



Initiative vs. guilt: purpose - 3 to 5



Industry vs. isolation: competency 5-12



Ego identity vs role confuse: fidelity - 12 to 18



Intimacy vs. isolation: love 18-40



Generative vs. Stagnation: adult 40-65



Integrity despair: wisdom 65+

Vygotsy sociocultural development

Social learning comes before development. Opposite of Piaget

Mirror neurons

Same neuron that fires when you observe or do the same action. Language. Understanding other people. Skill by imitation.

Operant conditioning

Focuses on both positive and negative conditioning. Not either or.

Research methods

Descriptive: describe situations



Correlation: by relationship between variables.



Experimental: doing a study


Temperament

Out nature