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41 Cards in this Set

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At the base of the hierarchy of story development is the person responsible for reading books, plays, and scripts, and then preparing synopses for consideration by the story editor
the story analysts
The status of the director was greatly elevated after in the 1950s (first in France and later in America) critics contended that certain directors were able to present a personal vision and a visual style; using the French word for “author,”; this theory holds that great directors are the authors of their works as much so as any writer, composer, or painter
auteur theory
Concepts of semiotics—such as the signs that trigger codes of meaning based on cultural expectations—are useful to understanding the visible elements of meaning operating within the film frame at any given moment, referred to by film scholars as
Next to the director, this person—often the director’s confidant and collaborator—is normally the most important person on the set, responsible for lighting, filming, and camerawork:
the D.P director of photography
A person brought in to revise part or all of a script written by others—such as Robert Towne, who rewrote several of The Godfather’s key scenes to convey a greater sense of humanity and affection between characters—is generally referred to as a
script doctor
5. The most commonly used gauge of film used in moviemaking today is:
9. This lighting technique, used frequently in musicals and comedies, has a high ratio of fill lights and produces a brightly lit image with little contrast between the darks and lights:
high key lighting.
With low key lighting, voice over narration, flashbacks, dimly lit rooms, and patterned shadows, disoriented visual images
films noir
12. A standard arrangement of shots, especially common in the 1930s and 1940s, begins by setting up the parameters of the situation and location with the use of:
an establishing shot
14. Earning its inventors a technical Oscar in 1977, this invention allowed operators to carry the camera by harness and maintain a steady image even while traveling across rugged terrain
the Steadicam
Recording motion came with William Dickson’s invention of this machine—an unwieldy, battery-driven, immobile, 500-pound motion picture camera:
the Kinetograph.
in 1894 brothers August and Louis Lumiere developed a hand-cranked combination camera-projector with a great advantage over the earlier device
it weighted only 16 pounds
This filmmaker, a magician and theatre owner, made use of the “stop-start” technique for clever optical illusions and fantasies, made the film "Trip to the moon"
With The Great Train Robbery in 1903, this filmmaker cut together action from fourteen separate shots, did parallel editting
Edwin S. Porter
This American moviemaker had the greatest influence abroad during the speechless era, using close-ups, angle shots, cross and parallel cutting, directed the birth of a nation
D. W. Griffith
From long shot to close shot, the camara is shifted to this angle to reduce a jump
30 degree rule
Famous Charlie Chaplin movies
City of lights 1931
Modern times 1936
Great dictater 1940 (had sound and also it was anti-fascist)
Group of frenchmen who were writers, directors and producers who evaluted movies, they first recognized Alfred Hitchcock
Cahiers de cinema
It is central to continuity editting, the position of cameras to insure consistency , aka axis of action
180-degree system
juxtaposed shots that create meaning and nuances
Kuleshov effect
It is when two shots are put together, one appears while fades away, and also it signals a flashback or change in time
the three stages of movie making are
The 3 act structure
Act 1 - 35 mins (chars. set)
Act 2 -60 mins (dev. of plot)
Act 3 - 30 mins (can't go back)
It is an area in which objects located in different distances from camera are i focus. The camera's f-stop setting controls the size of the lens aperture.
depth of field
A long take is
deals with the time - a shot of long duration
A conversation between two people is often filmed as
shot reverse shot
A basic unit of any movie; 1 run of the camera uninterrupted
a bunch of shots
a version of a particular shot
a collection of scenes that are in order of events
The color system most used before 1950s and were used in musicals, comedies
In contemporary films, the responsibility for fashioning the overall look of a movie is usually given to
production designer
Between 90 and 120 pages in length, with each page equivalent to about one minute of screen time, this blueprint for the film includes the basic idea, characterizations, and descriptions of each scene in visual and aural details
the screen play
Operating at standard speed, how many separate still images will a camera record each second?
This particular kind of lens can produce a sense of great size and scope by making things appear smaller and farther apart from one another:
wide angle lens
This studio-era technique—used to accentuate the submissiveness and seductiveness of female love interests in romance films (e.g. Ingrid Bergman in Casablanca)—made use of soft lighting and delicate shading
star lighting
A type of camera movement that shifts the camera from left to right (or right to left) on a vertical axis is called a
made use of this sound technique for setting a mood and providing a specific character’s interpretation of dramatic events
voice over narration
a continued physical action from one shot to another is called
a match on action
actors, objects, and other compositional factors are in their exact position from one shot to another
graphic match
A match where separate glances of the speakers connect letting the audience know who is speaking even though they might not in in the shot
eyeline match