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34 Cards in this Set

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Ethnocentrism
Tendency to look at the world from the perspective of one's own culture. Think your culture & aspects of it are superior to others
Positive aspect of ethnocentrism
Helps to cement the culture and maintain your cultural heritage
Participant observation
A research strategy where you take part in the culture to learn more about it
Modern day studies/functions in anthropology
Physical or biological
Cultural
Areas of Physical or biological anthropology
Evolution
Physical Variations
Primatology
Medical Anthropology
Areas of Cultural anthropology
Archaeology
Linguistics
Ethnography
Urban Anthropology
Anthropology of women
Applied anthropology
Cultural Ecology
Physical or biological anthropology: Evolution
Study of ancient man
Physical or biological anthropology: Evolution - Polygenists
Several Adam & Eves
Physical or biological anthropology: Evolution - Monogenists
One Adam & Eve who adapted to their environment
Cultural anthropology: Cultural Ecology
Study of the influence of the environment on society
Physical or biological anthropology: Physical variations
Study of Genetics and adaptations
Physical or biological anthropology: Primatology
Study behavior of primates so we can better understand ourselves
Physical or biological anthropology: Medical Anthropology
Type of Applied Anthropology
Bridges the gap between biological & cultural. Study the physical health of a culture and who cures people
Immunization without making the shaman mad, dental & nutritional health
Cultural Anthropology
Study of patterns of life within human society whether existing or extinct
Cultural Anthropology: Archaeology
Study material remains from past societies to describe & explain those cultures either through artifacts alone (pre-historic) or written records (historic)
Cultural Anthropology:Linguistics
Study of how words change, who talks more, how we talk. Want to save languages
Cultural Anthropology: Ethnography
Incorporates fieldwork to provide a descriptive study of human societies. Holistic research method founded on the idea that a systems properties cannot necessarily be accurately understood independently of each other.
Cultural Anthropology: Urban Anthropology
Study of people living in cities.
Gangs - like tribes
Neighborhoods - mini cultures
Occupations
Street kids
Cultural Anthropology: Anthropology of Women
Studies the role of women in society, the power of women, equality
Cultural Anthropology: Applied Anthropology
Take the knowledge you learned in school and apply it to practical problems.
e.g. Farming - large vs. small scale
combine western & traditional medicine
Traditional cultures participating in global economics
Cultural Anthropology: Applied Anthropology Types
Medical
Forensic
Salvage
Cultural Anthropology: Archaeology: types of prehistoric artifacts
Wall paintings
Houses
Bones
Burial Sites
Trash
Culture
Everything people have, think, and everything you do as a member of society
Components of culture
1. Learned
2. Shared
3. Symbolic
4. Adaptive
5. Changing
6. Integrated
7. Organizes
Culture is learned
By observation
Enculturation
Education
Values, beliefs, behavior
Culture is shared
differences in sharing by
Age and gender
Status
Subcultures
Pluralistic society
Culture is symbolic
Verbal and non verbal
Culture is adaptive
Customs respond to cultural and social environment to ensure survival
Culture is changing
Shared behaviors can be modified or replaced over time either from within or without
Culture is integrated
One change begins a chain reaction
Cultural relativity
Cultural patterns are best understood when seen through the culture itself
Biocultural model
Biology and culture influence one another
Enculturation
the process where an individual learns the accepted norms and value emphasis of an established culture through repetition so that the individual can become an accepted member of the society and find his or her suitable role
Imitative and contagious magic
Imitative - Imitate what you want to happen
Contagious - use something that belongs to a person (hair, fingernails) and do magic over them