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29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The easing of strained relations
The period of detente
1969 to 1976
What made the idea of generally improving relations with the United States more appealing to the USSR?
The emergence of the split between Sino-Russia
The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty
- 1968
- major nuclear and non-nuclear powers that pledged their cooperation in stemming the spread of nuclear technology
What was 2 other treaties signed by US and USSR before the solidation of the NNPT?
Limited Test Ban Treaty in 1963 and the Outer Space Treaty.
Why was there a breakdown in detente and stalling in arms control?
USSR and USA both had different visions of what detente meant which manifested competition between the two.
When was The Denouement?
1981 to 1989
The U.S. president responsible for the final dramatic play of the Cold War?
President Ronald Reagan
Rollback meant aiding forces around the world engaged in fighting left-leaning governments.
When was the Strategic Initiative Defense (SDI)?
What was the main intention of the SDI?
The heart of the plan was to develop a space-based missile defense program that could protect the country from a large-scale nuclear attack.
What was the nickname of the SDI proposal?
"Star Wars"
What are the 2 main interests that Reagan had for the SDI?
1. He believed it would be an effective peace initiative to eliminate the threat of nuclear attack.
2. To destroy the soviet's ability to make the first strike
The Reagan Doctrine of 1985 was best encapsulated in NSC's __________________?
National Security Decision Directive 75 (NSDD)
What was the central priority of the directive 75?
The U.S. to rebuild the credibility of its commitment to resist Soviet encroachment through on John Foster Dulles' "Roll-Back" strategy.
U.S. using proxy allies in ________________ and __________________?
In Nicaragua where U.S. sponsored contra rebels against the leftist Sandinista govt and in Afghanistan where the U.S. supported majuhadeen to end soviet influence.
INF treaty
Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty was signed in 1987 which eliminate all intermediate and short-range ground-based missiles and launchers from Europe.
"Zero Option"
Reagan committed the United States to dismantling its Pershing II and Tomahawk missiles if the Soviet Union agreed to discard its SS-20 missiles.
What was USSR persistent in requesting the U.S. to give up?
When was the Reykjavik Meeting?
October 1986
The significance of the Reykjavik Meeting?
- Held a noble agenda as envisioned by two world leaders who were genuinely serious in the possibility of eliminating all ballistic missiles
- Paved the way for the official signing of the INF Treaty in December 1986.
When was the full implementation of the INF treaty?
Ist June 1988
When was the fall of Communism? (Quite touching.)
In 1989
What happened on November 9, 1989?
The Berlin Wall, a potent division of Europe, came down. :')
What was the significance of bringing down the Berlin Wall?
It was the culminating point of the revolutionary changes sweeping East Central Europe in 1989.
Throughout the Soviet bloc, reformers assumed power and ended over 40 years of dictatorial Communist rule.
"Brezhnev Doctrine"
Soviet Union's policy of intervening with military force, if necessary, to preserve Communist rule in the region.
What did Gorbachev replace the "Brezhnev Doctrine" with?
Perestroika and Glasnost
What did Gorbachev encouraged under Glasnost "openness"?
He encouraged the local Communist leaders to seek new ways of gaining popular support for their rule.
August coup of 1991
Coup d'état attempt by SU's hardliners to overthrow Gorbachev who ceded power to Boris Yeltsin who then saw the dissolution of the SU.