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17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Definition of a right?

Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings and are the things that any human is entitled to, for example, food and water.

Definition of freedom?

The power to speak, act or think as one wants with the ability to choose from a range of possibilities.

Features of communism?

- A society centred on the wellbeing and equality of the community

- Everything is owned by the government on behalf of the people to allow fairness.

- Rich people should share their wealth to help others (for fairness)

- Government is as involved as possible in people's everyday lives.

- Only one party for people to vote for

- Media is controlled and not allowed to criticise the government.

- Religion is nonsense and is not allowed

Features of capitalism?

- Centred on rights and freedoms of the individual

- Most things are privately owned

- Workers are employed and paid

- Government interferes as little as possible in people's daily lives

- Multiple parties for people to vote for.

- Media is free and independent and can criticise the government.

- Government is separate from the church and shouldn't interfere with religion.

What are the ideologies opinions of each other?

Capitalist: Communists are controlling and allow no freedom

Communists: Capitalists are greedy and selfish and there is significant inequality in a capitalist society.

Changing leaders?

Roosevelt, President of the USA died shortly before the end of WWII in 1945. The leaders of Russia (Stalin), Britain (Churchill) and America (Roosevelt) had a good relationship throughout the war but Roosevelt's replacement Truman hated communism and did not get on well with Stalin at all. Stalin died soon into the Cold War and Churchill wasn't reelected as well.

What do the 'Truman Doctrine' and 'Marshall Plan' involve?

The 'Truman Doctrine' became part of the US foreign policy to stop the spread of communism. The 'Marshall Plan' was part of this and provided $17 million worth of aid to democratic European countries.

The Berlin Blockade- When? Where? How? Reaction?

The Berlin Blockade occurred from 24 June, 1948-12 May, 1949 in Berlin. The USSR blocked the Western Allies railway, road and canal access to the section of Berlin under western control (it was located in East Germany). Over 2000 supply and food drops occurred over this period to West Berlin but USSR did not retaliate to the drops for fear of starting a war.

What were other points of tension between communism and capitalism?

Space Race and Arm Race (nuclear technology).

When was the Berlin Wall up?

August 13, 1961- 1989

What was the Berlin Wall?

The Berlin Wall was built by the Soviet Union to separate soviet-controlled East Berlin (communist) from German-controlled West Berlin.

Building of the wall?

On August 13, 1961 a barbed wire fence went up separating the East and the West which was patrolled by armed guards. The fence was fortified within weeks with concrete and a second fence being built in 1962. An even more secure wall was built in 1975 which took 5 years to complete.

Escaping East Berlin?

More than 5000 people escaped to freedom by driving through death strip, leaping out of buildings, digging tunnels and hot air balloons. However, around 100 people died trying to escape.

The fall of the Berlin Wall?

The wall was pulled down by East and West Berliners in 1989 after a series of events including a speech by US president Ronald Regan and rock concerts in West Berlin.

What is propaganda?

Bias or misleading information used to create bias to a particular cause.

Forms include?

- Posters

- TV - ads

- Cinema ads

- Newspapers

- Flyers

- Radio

- Books/movies

Themes of propaganda

- Demonising opposing ideology ('Red under the Bed')

- Both sides feared atomic bomb ('Duck and Cover')

- Promoting own cause (Equality, American Dream, Freedom of Speech)