• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

Card Range To Study



Play button


Play button




Click to flip

Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;

132 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Lewy body: Parkinson's disease
Leser-Trelat sign: rapid eruption of multiple seborrheic keratosis --> phenotypic marker of stomach adenocarcinoma
Uveitis: imflammation of uveal tract (iris, ciliary body, choroid)
Causes: ankylosing spondylitis, sarcoidosis, ulcerative colitis, etc.
Acantosis nigricans: DM type II (indicates insulin receptor deficiency), obesity, PCOS, MEN IIb, Stomach and Uterus adenocarcinoma, lung cancer, ovarian cancer, prostate cancer
Legg-Calve-Pethes disease: aseptic necrosis of femoral head ossification centre
Osteogenic sarcoma (malignant): sunburst appearance. Other appearance: Codman's triangle; metaphysis of distal femur or proximal tibia, M 10-25 yo
Osteogenic sarcoma (malignant): Codman's triangle. Other appearance: sunburst appearance; metaphysis of distal femur or proximal tibia, M 10-25 yo
Chondrosarcoma (malignant): diaphysis of proximal femur, pelvic bones; M 30-60 yo
Ewing's sarcoma (malignant): onion skin appearance; small, round cell tumor; pelvic girdle, diaphysis and metaphysis of proximal femur or rib; M 10-20 yo
Osteochondroma (benign): exostosis capped by benign cartilage; metaphysis of distal femur; M 10-30 yo
Osteochondroma (benign): exostosis capped by benign cartilage; metaphysis of distal femur; M 10-30 yo
Giant cell tumor (benign): Reactive multinucleated giant cells resemble osteoclasts; F 20-40 yo; epiphysis of distal femur or proximal tibia
Osteoid osteoma (benign): cortex of proximal femur; radiolucent focus surrounded by sclerotic bone; M 10-20 yo
Enchondroma (benign): medullary location in small tubular bones in hands and feet; M=F 20-50 yo
Psoriatic arthritis: pencil-in-cup deformity
Volkman's ischemic contracture: supracondylar fracture of humerus causing compression of brachial artery and median nerve --> forearm muscles may undergo contracture
Multiple angiofibromas: tuberous sclerosis or MEN 1
Band keratopathy. Metastatic calcification from hyperparathyroidism
Shortening of the 4th and 5th metacarpal - Archibald's sign (when fist is clenched: knuckle-knuckle-dimple-dimple): Pseudohypoparathyroidism
Calymmatobacterium granulomatis causing granuloma inguinale
Michaelis-Gutmann bodies: foamy macrophages filled with laminated mineralized concretions - pathognomic for malacoplakia
Schiller-Duval bodies: yolk-sac tumor
Schiller-Duval bodies: yolk sac tumor
Waxy cast: chronic renal failure
Red blood cell cast: nephritic type of glomerulonephritis, malignant hypertension
White blood cell cast: acute pyelonephritis, acute tubulointerstitial nephritis
Fatty cast: nephrotic syndrome
Renal tubular cell casts: acute tubular necrosis
Potter facies: maternal oligohydramnios (JPKD) - wide set eyes, flattened palepral fissures, prominent epicanthus, flattened nasal bridge, mandibular micrognathia, large low set ears deficient in cartilage
IgA nephropathy: mesangial IgA IC deposits with granular IF
Poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis: subepithelial IC deposits with granular IF
Goodpasture's syndrome: linear IF
Hutchinsons teeth: oral manifestation of congenital syphillis - peg-like incisors and mulberry-shaped molars
Aphtous ulcers: Crohn's disease
Kaposi's Syndrome: AIDS defining lesion + human herpes virus 8
Addison's disease: melanin pigmentation in oral mucosa
Sister Mary Joseph sign: umbilical manifestation of stomach adenocarcinoma
Peutz-Jeghers polyposis: mucosal pigmentation of buccal mucosa and lips
Melanosis coli: use of phenanthracene laxatives
Uremic frost: kidney failure
Osteitis fibrosa cystica: kidney failure --> hypovitaminosis D --> hyperparathyroidism
Renal tubular cell cast: tubulointerstitial nephritis
Pancreatic rest
Double bubble sign: duodenal atresia
String sign: Crohn's disease
Cut-off sign: sentinel loop in subjacent duodenum or transverse colon
Congenital hypertrophy of retinal pigment epithelium: association with familial adenomatous polyposis
Triphasic pattern showing tubules, solid sheets of cells, and stromal differentiation in a pathological specimen of adult Wilms' tumour.
Streak ovaries: Turner's syndrome, Wilm's tumor
Homer-Wright rosettes: neuroblastoma, medulloblastoma
Necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum: well-demarcated yellow plaques over anterior surface of the legs/dorsum of ankles associated with diabetes mellitus
Necrolytic migratory erythema: associated with glucagonoma
Erythema nodosum: sacoidosis and valley fever - coccidioides
Stellate inclusions (asteroid bodies): sarcoidosis
Stellate inclusions (asteroid bodies): sarcoidosis
Chain of lakes sign: acute or chronic pancreatitis
Charcot-Leyden crystals: asthma, present in eosinophils in terminal bronchioles
Curshmann spirals: asthma, shed epithelial cells in terminal bronchiole
Cytomegalovirus: enlarged nuclei of type 1 pneumocytes containing large inclusions surrounded by a clear halo
Eggshell calcification of hilar lymph nodes: silicosis
Ground glass appearance: respiratory distress syndrome
Honeycombing: idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
Koplik spots: rubeola
Lupus pernio: sarcoidosis
Reticular opacities: idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
Schaumann bodies: sarcoidosis - laminated calcium concretions
Steeple sign: croup - parainfluenza
Thumbprint sign: haemophilus influenzae
Warthin-Finkeldey multinucleated giant cells: rubeola
Acute myelogenous leukemia gum infiltration
Auer rods: Acute myelogenous leukemia
Birbeck granules: histiocytosis X
Emancipation Proclamation
September 22, 1862 – Lincoln freed all slaves in the states that had seceeded, after the Northern victory at the Battle of Antietam. The act was to take effect on Jan. 1, 1863 in areas still in rebellion. All slaves later freed by the 13th Amendment.
Burr cells: uremia
Cutaneous larva migrans
Cystic skull defects: histiocytosis X
Dariers sign: scratching of urticaria pigmentosum (systemic mastocystosis) results in erythematous swelling of the lesions + pruritus
Diffuse large B cell lymphoma
Erythroderma of Sezary syndrome: T-cell lymphoma
Follicular lymphoma
Gamna-gandy bodies: Portal hypertension in cirrhosis leading to calcium and iron concretions present in collagen of spleen
Hairy cell leukemia
Howell-Jolly bodies: indicates loss of macrophage function in spleens
Lymphocyte predominant Hodgkins lymphoma
Mixed cellularity Hodgkins lymphoma
Multiple myeloma: lytic lesions in the skull
Multiple myeloma
Mycosis fungoides
Nephrocalcinosis: multiple myeloma
Nodular sclerosing Hodgkin's lymphoma
Tear drop: myelofibrosis, other infiltrative disease of the bone marrow
Pautrier microabscesses: groups of microabscesses in the epidermis
Reed-Sternberg cells: Hodgkin's lymphoma - mixed cellularity
Sezary cells: Sezary syndrome
Sideroblasts: Sideroblastic anemia - lead poisoning, pyroxidine deficiency
Small lymphocytic lymphoma
Smudge cells: fragile leukemic cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia
Target cells: splenectomy
Mycosis fungoides: tumor phase
Urticaria pigentosum: systemic mast cell disorder
Bite cells: Heinz bodies removed from macrophages, G6PD deficiency
Echinocytes: pyruvate kinase defiency
Heinz bodies: peroxide oxidation of hemoglobin in G6PD deficiency
Hypertrophic osteoarthropathy: bronchogenic carcinoma
Janeway lesions: bacterial endocarditis
Mallory bodies: Alcoholic liver disease
I-cell disease: lack of mannose-6-phosphate marker causes undigested substrate to accumulate as large inclusions in the cytosol
Amyloid: apple-green birefringence under polarized light with congo-red staining
Ashchoff bodies: central area of fibrinoid necrosis surrounded by Anitschkow cells in myocarditis caused by rheumatic fever
Erythema marginatum: rheumatoid arthritis
Gottron's papules - dermatomyositis
Henoch-scholein purpura
Hereditary angioedema
Janeway lesions: bacterial endocarditis (pathognomotic)
Polyarthritis nodosa
Polyarteritis nodosa
Takeyasu arteritis
Saddle nose - Wegener granulomatosis
Wiskott-aldrich syndrome
Angiokeratomas: Fabry's disease
Cavernous hemangioma
Cherry hemangioma
Dermatitis herpetiformis - autoimmune disease, but also associated with Crohn's disease
Glomangioma: rare benign tumor arising from the glomus body - specialized AV anastamoses in the skin important for temperature regulation. Bluish, painful, exacerbated by cold water
Hassall corpuscles: eosinophilic dead type VI reticular cells arranged concentrically in the medulla of the thymus. Function unknown
Negri body - Rabies
Pick bodies - pick's disease