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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
adams-onis treaty
signed feb. 22, 1819. spain relinquinished florida the u.s. in return the u.s. assumed 5 million of financial claims of american citizens against spain
john jacob astor
new york merchant who founded the fur trading post of astoria at the mouth of the columbia river in the oregon country.
preemption right
special acts that granted squatters in specific areas the rights to purchase at the minimum price the land that they had already improved
cotton gin
created by eli whitney to clean cotton faster to make more money. it cleaned about fifty pounds of cotton per day.
second bank of the u.s.
was to serve as a check on the state banks to reinforce specie payments, but led to depression in 1819 and 1837
payments of money in gold and silver coins
panic of 1819
demand of money and credit could not be made and the u.s. went into depression
missouri compromise
missouri would enter as a slave state and maine as a free state. the arkansas terriroty (under the south border of missouri) was able to be slave land and any land above the south border of missouri (unorganized territory) was not to be slave land
dartmouth college vr. woodwoard
ruling of whether the legislature of new hampshire had the right to convert dartmouth from a private college into a state university. ruling was that private corporations were full protected.
mcculloch vr. maryland
state of maryland levied a tax on the baltimore branch of the bank of the u.s. the tax was ruled unconstitutional. main issueswere if congress had the right to establish a national bank and whether the state had the power to regulate agencey or institution created by congress.
gibbons vr. odgen
questioned the power of congress to regulate interstate commerce. steamboat monopoly granted by the state of new york was challanged by competing ferry service operating between new york and new jersey. declaration was the new york grant was unconstitutional because it amounted to state interference with congress's exclusive right to regulate interstate commerce
john quincy adams
secretary of state
james monroe
monroe doctrine
got the territory of florida to the united states
american system
called for a 25% tarrif, this was necessary due to the flood of finished goods that were kidding young american industry
national road
the first great federal transportation project between cumberland, maryland on the potamac river to wheeling, virginia on the ohio river
erie canal
land stretch of 364 miles between albany and buffalo
era of good feelings
when one party dominated presidencey
balance of power
once a slave state enters the union a free state enters the union
implied powers
interpretation of the constitution that neither madison or jefferson anticipated
putting out system
most products were made in house holds and distributed by merchant capitalists
henry clay
pushed for what he called measures of an american system many parts of whiched were picked up by congress in 1816
european grand alliance
the monarchs of europe joined this to protect authoritarian governments from democratic challanges
lowell factories
large and profitable mills of textile manufactring with cotton in lowell massachusetts
john calhoun
recommanded the program of internal improvements and described it as great nationalizing enterprise
tallmadge amendment
banned further introduction of slaves into missouri and requiring steps toward the gradual eliminaion of slavery within the state
an indian cheif who led a faction of confederted sac and fox indians who refused to abandon their lands east of the mississippi
robert fulton
a new yorke of great wealth and political prominence that demonstrated the full potential of the steamboat by propelling the clermont 150 miles up the hudson river