• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

Card Range To Study



Play button


Play button




Click to flip

Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;

26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
social deviance
any transgression of socially established norms
violation of laws enacted by society
social cohesion
social bonds, how well ppl relate to each other, get along on day to day basis
mechanical (segmental) solidarity
social cohesion based on sameness
organic solidarity
social cohesion based on difference, interdependence of parts
social control
mechanisms that create normative compliance in individuals
formal social sanctions
mechanisms of social control by which rules/laws prohibit deviant or criminal behavior
informal social sanctions
unexpressed, but widely known rules of group membership
social integration
how well you are integrated into social group/community
social regulation
number of rules guiding daily life, what you can reasonably expect from world on day to day basis
strain theory (Merton)
deviance occurs when society doesn't give all members equal ability to achieve socially acceptable goals
individual who accepts both goals and strategies to achieve
individual who rejects socially defined goals in order to live w/i his/her own means
deviant who accepts socially acceptable goals but rejects acceptable means to achieve
one who rejects both means and goals by completely retreating from society
one who rejects socially acceptable goals and means, want to alter/destroy social institutions from which one is alienated
labeling theory
individuals subconsciously notice how other label them
-their reactions to those labels help form self identity
primary deviance
first act of rule breaking, may incur label of "deviant
secondary deviance
subsequent rule breaking that occur as result of deviant label, ppl's new expectations of you
negative social label that changes behavior toward a person, alters that person's self-identity
broken windows theory (of deviance)
explains how social context/cues impact whether individuals act deviantly

street crime
crime committed in public, often associated with violence, gangs, poverty
white collar crime
offense committed by professional against corporation, other institution
corporate crime
type of white collar crime

committed by officers of corp.
deterrence theory
philosophy of criminal justice arising from idea that crime results from rational calc of costs/benefits
individual who has been involved with crime b4 reverts back to criminal behavior