• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

Card Range To Study



Play button


Play button




Click to flip

Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;

18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Constitutional Convention
1787) a meeting held in Philadelphia at which delegates from the states wrote the Constitution
James Madison
American statesman, he was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention, the fourth president of the United States, the author of some of the Federalist Papers, and is called the father of the Constitution for his proposals at the Constitutional Convention. He led the United States through the War of 1812.
Virginia Plan
the plan for government proposed at the Constitutional Convention in which the national government would have supreme power and a legislative branch would have two houses with representation determined by state population
New Jersey Plan
a proposal to create a unicameral legislature with equal representation of states rather than representation by population; rejected at the Constitutional Convention
Great Compromise
an agreement worked out at the Constitutional Convention establishing that a state's population would determine representation in the lower house of the legislature, while each state would have equal representation in the upper house of the legislature
Three-Fifths Compromise
an agreement worked out at the Constitutional Convention stating that enslaved people would be counted as three-fifths of a person when determining a state’s population for representation in the lower house of Congress
popular sovereignty
the idea that political authority belongs to the people
U.S. system of government in which power is distributed between a central government and individual states
legislative branch
the division of the government that proposes bills and passes them into laws
executive branch
the division of the federal government that includes the president and the administrative departments; enforces the nation’s laws
judicial branch
the division of the federal government that is made up of the national courts; interprets laws, punishes criminals, and settles disputes between states
checks and balances
a system established by the Constitution that prevents any branch of government from becoming too powerful
people who opposed ratification of the Constitution
George Mason
people who supported ratification of the Constitution
Federalist Papers
These essays supporting the Constitution were written anonymously under the name Publius
official change, correction, or addition to a law or constitution
Bill of Rights
the first 10 amendments to the Constitution; ratified in 1791