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20 Cards in this Set

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Documents granted by a king to people who want the right to organize settlements in an area.

Joint-Stock Company

When investors buy stock, or part ownership, in the company in return for a share of its future profits.


Protestants who wanted to change or reform the Anglican Church (Church of England).


These were Separatists, people who wanted to set up their own churches, that journeyed to America.


People that for ethical or religious reasons refuse to fight or use force.


A land grant. The Virginia company gave a grant of 50 acres to settlers who paid their own way to America.


The shared common and distinctive culture that includes religion, and language.

Proprietary Colony

A colony in which the owner, or proprietor, owned all the land and controlled the government.

Indentured Servant

When people agreed to work a certain length of time for free in order to pay their way to America.


These were landowners who had been given large estates by the Dutch West India Company for bringing at least 50 settlers to work the land.


This was the location of a failed English colony, where over 100 men, women and children mysteriously disappeared. The only clue to their fate was the word 'Croatoan' carved on a fence post.

House of Burgesses

This was the government of the colonies in which representatives from the different towns came together to make laws.

Mayflower Compact

This was a formal document created by the Pilgrims in which they stated their loyalty to England, and their intention of creating their own government to run their colony.

John Winthrop

The man chosen by the Massachusetts Bay Company to be the governor of their colony in Massachusetts Bay, in a place called Boston.

Roger Williams

He was the minister who founded Rhode Island. He and others believed that the government should not have to power to force you to worship in a certain way, or take land away from the Native people.

Bacon's Rebellion

A young planter named Nathaniel Bacon led an attack on Native American villages, out of anger that the government had promised to keep settlers out of their lands. Bacon then marched his army to Jamestown to kick out the governor, but died before he could take over the government.


The Native American tribe that live in the Massachusetts area, and fought against in incursion of settlers into their lands. Many of them were killed by troops from Connecticut in retaliation.

James Oglethorpe

In 1733 he founded a colony in Georgia for debtors and poor people. A lot of poor people came from Britain along with other displaced people from Europe, but they didn't like the strict rules placed on them.

Lord Baltimore

Also known as Sir George Calvert, he wanted to found a colony as a safe haven for Catholics who were being persecuted in England. He died before this could happen but his son, Cecilius, finished his fathers work by founding Maryland.

Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

This was a planed form of government that became the first written constitution in America. Three towns in Connecticut decided to join together in order to create their own colony.