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43 Cards in this Set

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  • Back


Purposeful mistreatment that causes physical, emotional, or financial pain or injury to a person.

Active Neglect

Purposeful failure to provide needed care, resulting in physical, mental, or emotional harm to a person.

Advance Directives

Legal documents that allow people to decide what kind of medical care that they wish to have in the event that they are unable to make decisions themselves. (Living Will)


A threat to harm a person, resulting in the person feeling fearful that he/she will be harmed.


The intentional touching of a person without his/her consent.

Civil Law

Private law; law between individuals.

Criminal Law

Public Law; law related to commiting a crime against the community.


Any statement (written or oral) that is not true and injures a person's reputation.

DNR (Do-Not-Resuscitate)

An order that tells medical professionals not to perform CPR in the event of cardiac or respiratory arrest.

Domestic Violence

Physical, sexual, or emotional abuse by spouses, intimate partners, or family.

Durable Power of Attorney for Health Care

A legal document that appoints someone to make the medical decision for a person in the event he/she is unable to.


The knowledge of right and wrong; standards of conduct.


The code of proper behavior and courtesy in a certain setting.

False Imprisonment

Unlawful restraint that affects a person's freedom of movement; includes both the threat of being physically restrained and actually being restrained.

(Tray on wheel chair) (Seat belt of wheelchair)

If unable to remove obstacle themselves, considered restraint.

Financial Abuse

Improper or illegal use of a person's money, possessions, property, or other assets.

HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act)

A federal law that sets standards for protecting the privacy of patients' health information.

Invasion of Privacy

The violation of the right to be left alone and the right to control person information.

Incoluntary Seclusion

The separation of a person from others against the person's will.


Rules set by the government to help protect the public.


Written defamation

Living Will

A document that states the medical care a person wants, doesn't want, in case he/she is unable make decisions.


Professional misconduct that results in damage or injury to person.


The act of taking what belongs to someone else and using it illegally for one's own gain or other unauthorized purposes.

Mandated Reporters

People who are required by law to report suspected or observed abuse/neglect due to their regular contact with vulnerable populations, such as elderly in LTC facilitates.

NATCEP (Nurse Aide Training and Competency Evaluation Program)

Part of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (OBRA) that sets minimum requirements for training and testing nursing assistants.

OBRA (Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act)

Law passed by the federal government that includes minimum standards for nursing assistant training, staffing requirements, resident assessment instructions, and information on rights for residents.


A legal advocate for residents in long-term care facilities.

Passive Neglect

The unintentional failure to provide needed care, resulting in physical, mental, or emotional harm to a person.

Physical Abuse

Any treatment, intentional or not, that causes harm or injury to a person's body.

Protected Health Information (PHI)

Information that can be used to identify a person and relates to his/her past, present, or future physical or mental condition, including any health care the patient has had, or payment for that healthcare.

Psychological Abuse

Emotional harm, caused by threatening, frightening, isolating, intimidating, humiliating, or insulting a person.

Residents' Council

A group of residents who meet regularly to discuss issues related to the LTC factility.

Residents' Rights

Rights identified in the OBRA that relate to how residents must be treated while living in the LTC facility; they provide an ethical code of conduct for healthcare workers.

Scope of Practice

Defines the tasks that healthcare providers are legally permitted to perform as allowed by state/federal law.

Sexual Abuse

The forcing of unwanted sexual acts or behavior on a person.

Sexual Harassment

Any unwelcome sexual advance or behavior that creates an intimidating, hostile, or offensive working environment.


Defamation in oral form.

Substance Abuse

The repeated use of illegal drugs, cigarettes, or alcohol in a way that is harmful to oneself or others.

Verbal Abuse

The use of language that threatens, embarrasses, or insults a person.

Workplace Violence

Verbal, physical, or sexual abuse of staff by other staff members, residents, or visitors.

What idea do most codes of ethics revolve around?

The idea that a resident, patient, or client is a valuable person who deserves ethical care.

What is one way for a nursing assistant to help preserve resident safety?

Report mistakes made, or anything seemingly dangerous to the next head up in charge.

If a nursing assistant suspects that a resident is being, what should she do?

Report to the proper supervisor or proper agency.