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36 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
manifest destiny
words used to express a belief popular among americans that God intended the U.S. to expand westward
native Mexicans who lived in Texas
people who agreed to recruit and take responsibility for new settlers
Stephen F. Austin
established a colony on the gulf coast of Texas, sold land for 12 cents and acre
Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna
established dictatorial control over the Mexican government, angered many the residents of many mexican territories
Texas Revolution
Short but hard fought, Alamo and Goliad, Texans won
Sam Houston
commander of the Texas Army, became first president of the independent republic of texas
Battle of San Jacinto
some 630 Mexicans were killed, Santa Anna was held prisoner here, treaty was signed granting Texas it's independence
Juan Según
leading Tejano figure in the Revolution, after war served as mayor of San Antonio, some claimed his loyalties were with mexico
James K. Polk
former governor of Tennessee, Democrat, slogan was that he was going to Annex texas, won Presidency
Zachary Taylor
Polk sent Taylor to the Rio Grande so that Mexico would recognize the dividing line between Texas and Mexico
John Slidell
a louisiana lawyer and politician, sent by Polk to negotiate with the Mexicans
Stephen Kearny
General, occupied Santa Fe and seized control of Mexico, advanced to California
John C. Fremont
U.S. army officer and explorer, led the Bear Flag Revolt
Bear Flag Revolt
Led by Fremont, on June 14 settlers declared that California was an independent republic and raised a flag with the image of a grizzly bear on it
Winfield Scott
Led bold siege of Mexico City
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
ended war in February 1848, mexico gave up all claims to Texas and surrendered the Mexican Cession, the U.S. granted full citizenship to Mexicans living un the Cession, also transferred enormous region from Mexico to the U.S.
Mexican Cession
this territory includes present day California, Nevada, and Utah, as well as parts of Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, and Wyoming
Gadsden Purchase
James Gadsden negotiated deal with Mexico for a strip of land south of Gila for $10 million, acquired parts of present day Arizona and New Mexico
Juan Cortina
member of a prominent Tejano family in South Texas, headed rebellion against prejudice attitudes towards tejanos, shot and killed a marshal, fled to Mexico
William Becknell
Merchant who loaded a wagon with tools, clothing, and other goods, made huge profits and encouraged many other to travel the Santa Fe Trail.
Santa Fe Trail
780-mile-long trail, controlled most of the trade on the Mexican borderlands
Mountain Men
Fur trappers
William Ashley
developed rendezvous system, a method of doing business
Rendezvous System
a method of doing business: trappers remained in the mountains full time and gather once a year to sell their furs and purchase supplies, reduced expenses and increased profits, each year the group decided where they would meet the next year
Oregon Trail
this route followed the Platte River across the Great Plains to the rockies, then it descended into Oregon along the Snake and Columbia Rivers
Narcissa Prentiss Whitman
one of the early Protestant missionaries in Oregon County, very religious, planned missions to Oregon country with husband Marcus Whitman
Marcus Whitman
Married to Narcissa Whitman, helped found mission among Cayuse indians
Donner Party
Broke off the Oregon trail to head to California, became snowbound in the Sierra Nevada, some 42 members of the party died. Expedition=epic fail.
Treaty of Fort Laramie
each nation at the conference agreed to remain in a defined territory, pledged not to attack settlers moving west and allowed U.S. government to build roads and forts in territory
Brigham Young
He led thousands of mormons to migrate to the Mexican Territory of Utah in 1847
the first Spanish settlers in California and their descendants were known as Californios
Augustus Sutter
a Swiss adventurer who acquired a huge land grant from Mexico in 1839, his headquarters became a major stopping point along the California trail
California Trail
this trail forked off the Oregon Trail near the southernmost point on the Snake River
James W. Marshall
one of Sutter's employees, discovered gold at the bottom of a wooden canal used to divert water from the American River, kick off of the Gold Rush
Immigrants who traveled to California for the "Gold Rush"