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5 Cards in this Set

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  • Back

Gender identity



Gender Dysphoria

One’s psychological sense of being female or being male.



A type of psychological disorder in which people experience significant personal distress or impaired functioning as a result of a conflict between their anatomic sex and their gender identity.

Transgender identity

The psychological sense of belonging to one gender while possessing the sexual organs of the other.

Gender Dysphoria

• Not all people with transgender identity have gender dysphoria or any other diagnosable disorder.


• Although the prevalence rate of gender dysphoria is unknown, the disorder is certainly uncommon.


• It is believed to often begin in childhood.


• GID takes many paths. It can end by adolescence, with the child’s becoming more accepting of her or his gender identity, or it may persist into adolescence or adulthood.

Sex Reassignment Surgery

• People who undergo sex-reassignment surgery can participate in sexual activity and even reach orgasm, but they cannot conceive or bear children because they lack the internal reproductive organs of their newly reconstructed


sex.


• Investigators generally find positive postoperative adjustment of transsexuals


• Men seeking sex-reassignment outnumber women by perhaps 3 to 1.

Psychodynamic Perspectives

• Psychodynamic theorists point to extremely close mother–son relationships, empty relationships with parents, and fathers who were absent or detached


• These family circumstances may foster strong


identification with the mother in young males, leading to a reversal of expected gender roles and identity.


• Girls with weak, ineffectual mothers and strong


masculine fathers may overly identify with their fathers and develop a psychological sense of themselves as “little men.”