Gender Dysphori Factors And Effects On Gender Development

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Gender Dysphoria
Gender Dysphoria (GD) is the feeling that one’s emotional and psychological identity as male or female is the opposite of one’s natal sex. Gender dysphoria is manifested in a variety of ways, which may include strong desires to be treated as the opposite gender or to be rid of one’s sex characteristics. Little research exists on the causes of GD because gender identity is difficult to investigate, and gender variant identities are less prevalent than normative gender identities (Cohen-Kettenis, & Klink, 2015 p. 486). Psychological, social and biological factors all influence gender development. Within the context of this paper I will examine these three factors and the impact that they have on adolescents’ with GD, discuss
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This distress is heightened during different stages of development and can significantly impact their psychological wellbeing. There are two developmental stages in which individuals with GD are particularly vulnerable. These stages are during early adolescents and puberty. Young children are just beginning to develop a sense of awareness about their own sex and the sex of others. For children with GD they are experiencing incongruence between their experienced and assigned gender. (Cohen-Kettenis, & Klink, 2015 p. 486). They feel like they are one gender, but society is telling them that they are another. They do not have an understanding of why they cannot play with the toys they like or wear the clothes that make them feel comfortable; this is a difficult and confusing time that can cause the child to experience emotional or mental issues such as low self-esteem. Puberty is another difficult time for adolescents with GD because if they are not receiving hormone interventions they will progress through puberty and experience development typical of their natal sex. As a result adolescents with GD have an increased risk for developing anxiety disorders, depression, and conduct disorders. One study found (as cited by the American Psychological Association, 2013) “ that half of the transgender women and a third of the transgender men surveyed said they struggle with depression from the stigma, shame and isolation caused by how others treat

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