Cognitive And Dialectical Behavior Therapy

1410 Words 6 Pages
The lives of many individuals are negatively impacted by a mental illness. Mental illness can be very crippling to those that have been diagnosed. Mental illness affects the behavior and thinking of a person. Each person that is diagnosed having a mental disorder can have their own unique experiences. Treatment for mental illness is helpful because it will show a person how to cope with the high emotions and the moods that affect their lives. Recovery from mental illness, including being able to deal with everyday life socially, academically and in work environments, is possible. Cognitive and dialectical behavior therapy is one approach that has been successful in the recovery of mental illness.
Dialectical behavior therapy is an extensive
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One intervention which is imparted is mindfulness. In DBT, learning the skills of mindfulness helps the patients to attend to the present and everyday activities (Chapman). Mindfulness is described as taking hold of your mind. In treatment the patients are taught that there are three different states of mind; reasonable mind, emotion mind, and wise mind. Resonable mind is thinking logically, only focused on the facts and problem solving without any emotions. Emotion mind is when the patient is stuck in his or her emotions and they are not being reasonable and act impulsively. Wise mind is the balance of the two; able to feel emotions and at the same time able to think logically. In order to achieve wise mind the patients are taught to observe (don’t push away your thoughts and feelings just watch them), describe (put words to your experience), participate (become one with your experience), be non-judgemental (don’t evaluate just acknowledge the emotion), be one-mindful (do one thing at a time, let go of distractions and think of one thing at a time) and be effective (focus on what works, let go of being right, think of what you want in the long run, and let go of useless anger that only hurts you and does not work) (DBT®). Another intervention in DBT is radical acceptance; this basically involves accepting the present moment without the stress of trying to change it (Chapman). It is accepting the pain that comes with emotional or physical distress that is common in everyday life. It helps the patient from feeling like they are suffering to feeling like they are able to cope with their pain. The combination of mindfulness and radical acceptance helps the patient to turn their mind away from what they are stuck in (DBT®). It is very important for the therapist to know how to apply these strategies so that the therapy can be

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