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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

After arriving at a differential diagnosis, information from which of the following categories will best establish a final or definitive diagnosis?

a. Clinical

b. Historical

c. Microscopic

d. Radiographic

C. Microscopic

The descriptive term that would best be used for a freckle is a:

a. Bulla

b. Vesicle

c. Lobule

d. Macule

D. Macule

Which on of the following terms describes the base of a lesion that is stalklike?

a. Sessile

b. Lobule

c. Pedunculated

d. Macule

C. Pedunculated

Clinical diagnosis can be used to determine the final or definitive diagnosis of all of the following except:

a. Fordyce granules

b. Unerupted supernumerary teeth

c. Mandibular tori

d. Geographic tongue

B. Unerupted supernumerary teeth.

Radiographic diagnosis would contribute to the definitive diagnosis of all of the following except:

a. Internal resporptions

b. Periapical cemento-osseous dysplaisa

c. Odontomas

d. Retained deciduous tooth

D. Retained deciduous tooth

To determine the presence of blood dyscrasias, which of the following would provide the most definitive information?

a. Laboratory blood tests

b. Bleeding during probing

c. Pallor of the gingiva and mucosa

d. Patient complaint of weakness

A. Laboratory tests

When a antifungal ointment or cream is used to treat suspected angular cheilitis, which one of the following diagnostic categories is being used?

a. Clinical

b. Therapeutic

c. Laboratory

d. Differential

B. Therapeutic

Yellow clusters of ectopic sebaceous glands commonly observed on the buccal mucosa and evaluated through clinical diagnosis are most likely:

a. Lipomas

b. Fibromas

c. Fordyce granules

d. Linea alba

C. Fordyce granules

A slow-growing, bony hard exophytic growth on the midline of the hard palate is developmental and hereditary in origin. The diagnosis is determined through clinical evaluation. You suspect:

a. Torus palatinus

b. Mixed tumor

c. Palatal cyst

d. Nasopalatine cyst

A. Torus palatinus

The "White line" observed clinically on the buccal mucosa that extends from anterior to posterior along the occlusal plane is:

a. Leukoedema

b. Leukoplakia

c. Linea alba

d. Lichen planus

C. Linea alba

Which one of the following occurs as an erythematous area, is devoid of filiform papillae, is oval to rectangular in shape, and is on the midline of the dorsal surface of the tongue?

a. Median rhomboid glossitis

b. Geographic tongue

c. Fissured tongue

d. Lingual thyroid

A. Median rhomboid glossitis

Which one of the following diagnostic categories would the dental hygienist most easily apply to the preliminary evaluation of oral lesions?

a. Microscopic

b. Clinical

c. Therapeutic

d. Differential

B. Clinical

These examples of exostoses are found on the lingual aspect of the mandible in the area of the premolars. They are benign, bony hard, and require no treatment. Radiographically they appear as radiopaque areas and are often bilateral. You suspect:

a. Retrocuspid papilla

b. Lingual mandibular tori

c. Genial tubercles

d. Mandibular tori

D. Mandibular tori

Which one of the following terms is most often used when describing mandibular tori?

a. Bullous

b. Lobulated

c. Sessile

d. Pedunculated

B. Lobulated

Which of the following conditions is a benign anomaly, has a diffuse gray-to-white opaque appearance on the buccal mucosa, and is most commonly seen in adult black individuals?

a. Leukoedema

b. Linea alba

c. Ectopic geographic tongue

d. Lichen planus

A. Leukoedema

A patient has the clinical signs of necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis. The hygienist has the patient begin hydrogen peroxide rinses without culturing the bacterial flora. This action applies to which of the following diagnostic categories?

a. Therapeutic

b. Microscopic

c. Clinical

d. Final or definitive

A . Therapeutic

A small circumscribed lesion usually less than 1 cm in diameter that is elevated an protrudes above the surface of normal surrounding tissue is called a:

a. Bulla

b. Macule

c. Vesicle

d. Papule

D. Papule

The base of a sessile lesion is:

a. Broad and flat

b. Stemlike

c. Corrugated

d. Lobulated

A. Broad and flat

The identification of which one of the following is not determined by clinical diagnosis?

a. Fordyce granules

b. Tori

c. Compound odontoma

d. Retrocuspic Papilla

C. Compond odontoma

Another term for geographic tongue is:

a. Allergic tongue

b. Median rhomboid glossitus

c. Migratory glossitis

d. White hairy tongue

C. Migratory glossitus

The cause of supernumerary teeth is most likely:

a. Genetic

b. Traumatic

c. Cystic

d. Systemic

A. Genetic

Historical diagnosis can include the patient's:

a. Age and sex

b. Family History

c. Medical history

d. All of the above

D. All of the above

Which condition is most often seen on the buccal mucosa?

a. Melanin pigmentation

b. Fordyce granules

c. Nicotine stomatitis

d. Angular cheilitus

B. Fordyce granules

Which one of the following is not considered a variant of normal?

a. Migratory glossitius

b. White hairy tongue

c. Fissured tongue

d. Hairy leukoplakia

D. Hairy leukoplakia

Which cyst is often described as a radiolucency that scallops around the roots of the teeth involved?

a. Stafne bone

b. Traumatic bone

c. Radicular

d. Residual

B. Traumatic bone

What percentage of erythroplakias is diagnosed as severe epithelial dysplasia or squamous cell carcinoma?

a. 10%

b. 25%

c. 60%

d. 90%

D. 90%

Which of the following best describes the number of types of HIV? More than:

a. 35

b. 75

c. 100

d. 150

D. 150

Which one of the following terms best describes leukoplakia?

a. Clinical

b. Histologic

c. Historical

d. Microscopic

a. Clinical