• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

Card Range To Study



Play button


Play button




Click to flip

Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;

57 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Approach the vehicle and look for...

- Leaning of the vehicle

- Oil, coolant, grease, or fuel leaks

- Around the vehicle for hazards to movement

- Make sure parking braking/chocks are set

Engine Compartment - Leaks/Hoses

Inspect condition and check for leaks on:

- Water pump - Mounted securely?

- Alternator - Mounted securely?

Engine Compartment - Oil Level

- Indicate where dipstick is located

- See that oil level is within safe operating range and level is above refill mark

Engine Compartment - Coolant Level

- When engine isn't hot, remove radiator cap and check for visible coolant level

Engine Compartment - Power Steering Fluid

- Indicated where power steering fluid dipstick is located

-Check for adequate power steering fluid level (above refill mark)

Engine Compartment - Windshield Wash Fluid Level

Check fluid level and that cap is secure

Engine Compartment - Belts

- Check all belts for snugness (up to 3/4" play at center of belt), for cracks, and for frays

- Power steering, water pump, alternator

-Which are belt driven on the Green?

Engine Compartment - Safe Start

- Make sure parking brake is set

- Place gearshift in neutral

- Start Engine

Cab Check - Oil Pressure Gauge

- Make sure oil pressure gauge is working

- Check that gauge shows increasing or normal pressure or that the warning light goes off

- If equipped, oil temp should begin to gradually rise

Cab Check - Temperature Gauge

- Make sure the temp gauge is working

- Temp should begin to climb to normal or temp light should be off

Cab Check - Ammeter/Voltmeter

Check that the gauges show alternator and/or generator is charging or that the warning light is off

Cab Check - Mirrors & Windshield
- Mirrors should be clean and adjusted properly from the inside
- Windshield should be clean with no illegal stickers, no obstructions, or damage to the glass

Cab Check - Emergency Equipment

- Check for spare electrical fuses

- Check for 3 red reflective triangles

- Check for properly charged and rated fire extinguisher

Cab Check - Optional Emergency Equipment

- Check list of emergency phone numbers

- Check for accident reporting kit

Cab Check - Steering Wheel

- Check for looseness, sticking, or damage

Cab Check - Steering Play

- Power steering check

- With engine running, check for excessive play. Should not exceed 10% (2" on a 20" wheel) before front left wheel barely moves

Cab Check - Wipers/Washers

- Check that wiper arms and blades are secure, not damaged, and operate smoothly

- Windshield wiper washers must work correctly

Cab Check - Lights/Reflectors/Reflector Tape Condition

- Test that dash indicators work when corresponding lights are turned on

- Turn signals

- Four-way emergency flashers

- High-beam headlight

- Antilock Braking System (ABS) indicator

Cab Check - External Lights & Reflective Equipment

- Check they are clean and functional

- Clearance lights

- Headlights/ Taillights

- Back lights

- Turn signals

- Brake lights

- License plate light

Cab Check - Horn

Check that electric horn works

Cab Check - Heater/Defroster

Test that it works

Cab Check - Parking Brake Check

- Fasten seat belt

- With parking brake on, gently try to pull forward

Cab Check - Hydraulic Brake Check

- Pump brake pedal 3 times, hold it down for 5 seconds. Brake pedal should not move (depress) during the five seconds

- Reserve (back up) system, with key off, depress brake and listen for reserve electric motor.

Cab Check - Service Brake Check

- Pull forward at 5mph, apply brake, and stop.

- Check that the vehicle doesn't pull to one side and that it stops

Cab Check - Safety Belt

- Check that the safety belt is securely mounted, adjusts, and latches properly

- Check that it's not ripped or frayed

Steering - Box/Hoses

- Check it's securely mounted and not leaking. Look for missing nuts, bolts, and cotter keys

- Check for power steering fluid leaks or damage to power steering hoses

Steering - Linkage

- See that connecting links, arms, & rods from the box to the wheel are not worn or cracked

- Check that joints and sockets are not worn or loose and that there are no missing nuts, bolts, or cotter keys

Suspension - Springs/Air/Torque

- Look for missing, shifted, cracked, or broken leaf springs. If 1/4 or more are missing or broken it will put the vehicle out of service

- Look for broken/distorted coil springs

Suspension - Mounts

-Look for cracked or broken spring hangers, missing or damaged bushings, and broken, loose, or missing bolts, u-bolts or

Suspension - Shock Absorbers

- Check they are secure and there are no leaks

Brakes - Slack Adjusters & Push Rods

- Check that slack adjuster is securely mounted

- Look for broken, loose, or missing parts

- With the brakes released, the brake pushrod should not move more than 1" when pulled by hand

Brakes - Brake Chamber

- See that brake chambers are not leaking, cracked, or dented and are mounted securely

- See that there are no loose or missing clamps

Brakes - Hoses/Lines

Look for cracked, worn, or leaking hoses, lines, and couplings

Brakes - Drum Brake

- Check for cracks, dents, or holes. Also check for loose or missing bolts

- Check for contaminates such as debris or oil & grease

- Brake linings should not be worn dangerously thin

Brakes - Brake Linings

- On some brake drums, there are openings where the brake linings can be seen from outside. For this type, check that a visible amount of brake lining is showing.

Wheels - Rims

- Check for damaged or bent rims

- Rims cannot have welding repairs

-No rust trails that would indicated the wheel is loose

Wheels - Tires - Tread Depth

- Minimum tread depth - 4/32" on steering

- Minimum tread depth - 2/32" on rear

Wheels - Tires - Tire Condition

- Check that tread is evenly work

- Look for cuts or other damage on tread or sidewall

- Make sure that valve caps and stems are not missing, broken, or damaged

Wheels - Tires - Tire Inflation

- Using a tire gauge check for proper inflation

- The Green should be 120 PSI

Wheels - Hub Oil Seals / Axle Seals

- See that hub oil/grease seals and axle seals are not leaking and, if sight glass, that level is adequate

Wheels - Lug Nuts

- Check all lug nuts are present, free of cracks and distortions, and no signs of looseness like rust or shiny threads

- Make sure all bolt holes are not cracked or distorted

Wheels - Spacers

- Check they are not bent, damaged, or rusted through

- See they are evenly centered with dual wheels and tires evenly separated

- No debris between dual tires

Side of Vehicle - Doors, Mirrors, & Windows

- Check that doors are not damaged and that they open and close properly from the outside

- Hinges should be secure with seals intact

- Check that mirrors and mirror brackets are not damaged and are secured with no loose fittings

-Windows are clean and work properly

Side of Vehicle - Fuel Tank

- Check that the tank is secured, cap is tight, and that there are no leaks from tank, cap, or lines.

Side of Vehicle - Drive Shaft

- See that drive shaft is not bent or cracked

- Couplings (U-joints) should be secure and free of foreign objects

Side of Vehicle - Exhaust System

- Check system for damage, signs of leaks such as rust or carbon soot

- System should be connected tightly and mounted securely

Side of Vehicle - Frame

- Look for cracks, broken, welds, holes or other damage to the longitudinal frame members, cross members, box, and floor

Rear of Vehicle - Splash Guards

- Check they are not damaged and are mounted securely

Rear of Vehicle - Doors, Ties, & Lifts

- Check that doors and hinges are not damaged and that they open, close, and latch properly from the outside.

- Ties, straps, chains, and binders must be secure

- If cargo lift, look for leaking, damaged or missing parts and explain how it should be checked for correct operation

- Lift must be fully retracted and latched securely

Engine Compartment Components (7)

1 - Leaks/Hoses

2 - Oil Level

3 - Coolant Level

4 - Power Steering Fluid

5 - Windshield Washer Fluid Level

6 - Engine Compartment Belts

7 - Safe Start

Cab Check Components (11)

1 - Oil Pressure Gauge

2 - Temperature Gauge

3 - Ammeter/Voltmeter

4 - Mirrors & Windshield/Wipers/Washers

5 - Emergency Equipment & Optional Equip

6 - Steering Wheel/Play

7 - Lights/Reflectors/Tape

8 - Horn

9 - Heater/Defroster

10 - Brake Checks (Parking, Hydraulic, & Service)

11 - Safety Belt

Steering Components (2)

1 - Box/Hoses

2 - Linkage

Suspension Components (3)

1 - Springs/Air/Torque

2 - Mounts

3 - Shock Absorbers

Brake Components (5)

1 - Slack Adjuster & Pushrods

2 - Brake Chambers

3 - Brake Hoses/Lines

4 - Drum Brake

5 - Brake Linings

Wheel Components (8)

1 - Rims

2 - Tire Tread Depth

3 - Tire Condition

4 - Tire Type

5 - Tire Inflation

6 - Hub Oil Seals/Axle Seals

7 - Lug Nuts

8 - Spacers

Side of Vehicle Components (5)

1 - Doors, Mirrors, & Windows

2 - Fuel Tank (& Diesel Exhaust Fuel)

3 - Drive Shaft

4 - Exhaust System

5 - Frame

Rear of Vehicle Components (2)

1 - Splash Guards

2 - Doors, Ties, & Lifts