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22 Cards in this Set

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What metabolism uses ATP-PC sys?
Anaerobic
ATP-PC Sys

Used for production of ATP for high intensity/short duration activity (100 m sprint)
What decomposes and releases large amt of energy used to construct ATP?

Phosphocreatine
What metabolism uses anaerobic glycolysis?

Anaerobic metabolism

Anaerobic glycolysis does what?
Major supplier of ATP during high intensity, short duration activities (sprint 400-800m). Glycogen breaks down and produces energy.
Which sys is slower?

Anaerobic glycolysis

Aerobic metabolism used for?

Low intensity/long duration. OXYGEN used here. Energy through oxidation of food.
Fibrous Joints (synarthroses) are united by?

Fibrous tissue

Do Fibrous joints/synarthroses contain synovial fluid?

No, movement is minimal

Suture joint


Fibrous joint/synarthroses


Joined by fusion


(skull)

Syndesmosis joint


Fibrous joint/synarthroses


Connected by fibrous membrane


(tibia and fibula - interosseous membrane)

Gomphosis joint


Fibrous joint/syntharoses


Peg in hole


(teeth in maxilla/mandible)

Cartilaginous joints/amphiarthroses




Hyaline/fibrocartilage connects one bone to another. Slight movement allowed.

Synchondrosis joint

Cartilaginous joint/amphiarthoroses


Cartilage joining two bones


(sternum to rib)

Symphysis joint


Fibrocartilaginous joint/amphiarthoroses


Usually midline


(pubic symphysis)


Synovial joints/diarthroses

Provide free movement bet bones they join.
Synovial joints/diarthroses 5 characteristics

Joint cavity


Articular cartilage


Synovial membrane


Synovial fluid


Fibrous capsule

Are synovial joints/diarthroses vulnerable to injury?

Yes!
How are synovial joints/diarthroses classified?

Movement and shape of articulating bones
Uniaxial joint


Synovial joints/diarthroses


Hinge - elbow


Pivot - atlantoaxial


Around single axis in one plane



Biaxial joint



Synovial joints/diarthroses


Condyloid - MCP


Saddle - CMC


Around 2 planes and 2 axes (concave and convex)

Multiaxial joint

Synovial joints/diarthroses


Ball and socket


Plane/gliding - carpal
Three planes and three axes