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73 Cards in this Set

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WHAT IS MA HUANG'S (EPHEDRA) TWO TASTES AND TEMPERATURE?
ACRID, SLIGHTLY BITTER AND WARM
WHAT ARE THE 5 TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS AN HERB CAN HAVE?
HOT, WARM, NEUTRAL, COOL, COLD
WHAT ARE THE 5 PRIMARY TASTES AN HERB CAN HAVE? WHAT ADDITIONAL 3 TASTES ARE REFERENCED IN THE MATERIA MEDICA?
ACRID, SWEET, BITTER, SOUR, SALTY. EXTRA POSSIBLE TASTES ARE BLAND, AROMATIC AND ASTRINGENT
IS ACRID A YIN OR YANG PROPERTY? WHAT IS IT'S THERAPEUTIC PROPERTY?
YANG
ACRID SUBSTANCES DISPERSE AND MOVE
EACH OF THE 5 PRIMARY TASTES TRAVEL IN ONE OF THE FIVE POTENTIALLY DISEASED AREAS - QI, BONE, BLOOD, FLESH, SINEW. IDENTIFY WHICH TASTES TRAVELS WHERE (AND THEREFORE SHOULD NOT BE USED IF THERE IS DISEASE IN THAT AREA)?
ACRIDITY TRAVELS IN THE QI;
SALTINESS TRAVELS IN THE BLOOD; BITTERNESS TRAVELS IN THE BONES; SWEETNESS TRAVELS IN THE FLESH; SOURNESS TRAVELS IN THE SINEWS. DO NOT EAT THESE TYPES OF FOODS IF AREA IS DISEASED
WHAT THERAPEUTIC PROPERTY DOES AROMATIC HAVE?
AROMATIC HAS THE ABILITY TO PENETRATE THROUGH TURBIDITY AND REVIVE A PARTICULAR FUNCTION EITHER THE DIGESTIVE FUNCTION OF THE SPLEEN, COGNITIVE FUNCTION OF THE SPIRIT AND SENSORY ORIFICES
WHAT IS THE THERAPEUTIC ATTRIBUTE FOR ASTRINGENT?
ABILITY TO PREVENT LEAKAGE OF FLUID
IS SWEET YIN OR YANG? WHAT IS ITS THERAPEUTIC PROPERTY?
YANG; SWEET TONIFIES, HARMONIZES AND SOMETIMES MOISTENS
IS BITTER YIN OR YANG? WHAT IS ITS THERAPEUTIC PROPERTY?
YIN; BITTER DRAINS AND DRIES
IS SOUR YIN OR YANG? WHAT IS ITS THERAPEUTIC PROPERTY?
YIN; SOUR ASTRINGES AND PREVENTS OR REVERSES THE ABNORMAL LEAKAGE OF FLUIDS AND ENERGY
IS SALTY YIN OR YANG? WHAT IS ITS THERAPEUTIC PROPERTY?
YIN; SALTY PURGES AND SOFTENS
WHAT IS BLAND'S THERAPEUTIC PROPERTY?
BLAND SUBSTANCES LEECH OUT DAMPNESS AND PROMOTES URINATION
MATCH THE YIN ORGANS (LUNGS, HEART, LIVER, SPLEEN, KIDNEY) TO THE RIGHT TASTE PROPERTY IT ENTERS?
LUNGS = ACRID
HEART = BITTER
LIVER = SOUR
SPLEEN = SWEET
KIDNEY = SALTY
WHAT ARE THE EIGHT THERAPEUTIC METHODS POTENTIALLY USED TO TREAT A DISEASE?
PROMOTE SWEATING, INDUCE VOMITING, PURGE, HARMONIZE, WARM, CLEAR, TONIFY, REDUCE
THERE ARE TWO HERBS REFERENCED THAT GUIDE OTHER HERBS INTO THE HEART CHANNEL. WHAT ARE THEY?
HUANG LIAN AND XI XIN
THERE ARE TWO HERBS REFERENCED THAT GUIDE OTHER HERBS INTO THE SI CHANNEL. WHAT ARE THEY?
GAN CAO, HUANG BAI
THERE ARE 4 HERBS REFERENCED WHICH GUIDE OTHER HERBS INTO THE KIDNEY CHANNEL. WHAT ARE THEY?
DU HUO, ZHI MU, ROU GUI, XI XIN
THERE IS 1 HERB REFERENCED IN THE INTRO WHICH GUIDES OTHER HERBS INTO THE UB CHANNEL. WHAT ARE THEY?
QIANG HUO
THERE ARE 4 HERBS REFERENCED IN THE INTRO WHICH GUIDE OTHER HERBS INTO THE LUNG CHANNEL. WHAT ARE THEY?
JIE GENG, SHENG MA, CONG BAI, BAI ZHI
THERE ARE 3 HERBS REFERENCED IN THE INTRO WHICH GUIDE OTHER HERBS INTO THE LI CHANNEL. WHAT ARE THEY?
BAI ZHI, SHENG MA, SHI GAO
THERE ARE 4 HERBS REFERENCED IN THE INTRO WHICH GUIDE OTHER HERBS INTO THE SP CHANNEL. WHAT ARE THEY?
SHENG MA, CANG ZHU, GE GEN, BAI SHAO
THERE ARE 4 HERBS THAT GUIDE OTHER HERBS INTO THE ST CHANNEL. WHAT ARE THEY?
SHENG MA, BAI ZHI, SHI GAO, GE GEN
THERE ARE 2 HERBS REFERENCED IN THE INTRO THAT GUIDE OTHER HERBS INTO THE GB CHANNEL. WHAT ARE THEY?
CHAI HU, QING PI
THERE ARE 4 HERBS REFERENCED IN THE INTRO THAT GUIDE OTHER HERBS INTO THE LR CHANNEL. WHAT ARE THEY?
QING PI, WU ZHU YU, CHUAN XIONG, CHAI HU
THERE ARE 2 HERBS REFERENCED IN THE INTRO THAT GUIDE OTHER HERBS INTO THE TB. WHAT ARE THEY?
LIAN QIAO, CHAI HU
THERE IS 1 HERB REFERENCED IN THE INTRO THAT GUIDES OTHER HERBS INTO THE UPPER BURNER. WHAT IS IT?
DI GU PI
THERE IS 1 HERB THAT GUIDES OTHER HERBS INTO THE MIDDLE BURNER. WHAT IS IT?
QING PI
THERE IS 1 HERB THAT GUIDES OTHER HERBS INTO THE LOWER BURNER. WHAT IS IT?
ZHI FU ZI
IN REGARDS TO TECHNIQUES FOR COMBINING HERBS, WHAT IS MUTUAL ACCENTUATION?
TWO HERBS OF SIMILAR THERAPEUTIC ACTIONS BEING COMBINED TOGETHER TO ACCENTUATE THE OVERALL FORMULA. EX- SHI GAO AND ZHI MU OR DA HUANG AND MANG XIAO.
IN REGARDS TO TECHNIQUES FOR COMBINING HERBS, WHAT IS MUTUAL ENHANCEMENT?
TWO HERBS OF DIFFERENT THERAPEUTIC ACTION BEING COMBINED TOGETHER TO ENHANCE THE EFFECTS OF EACH OTHER IN A FORMULA. EX - HUANG QI AND FU LING FOR EDEMA.
IN REGARDS TO TECHNIQUES FOR COMBINING HERBS, WHAT IS MUTUAL COUNTERACTION?
ONE HERB THAT HAS TOXIC SIDE EFFECTS BEING MIXED WITH ANOTHER TO ELIMINATE THOSE SIDE EFFECTS. EX - ZHI BAN XIA WITH SHENG JIANG.
IN REGARDS TO TECHNIQUES FOR COMBINING HERBS, WHAT IS MUTUAL SUPPRESSION?
LIKE MUTUAL COUNTERACTION
IN REGARDS TO TECHNIQUES FOR COMBINING HERBS, WHAT IS MUTUAL ANTAGONISM?
ABILITY OF TWO SUBSTANCES TO MINIMIZE OR NEUTRALIZE EACH OTHER'S POSITIVE EFFECTS.
WHAT HERB ANTAGONIZES BA DOU (HARSH EXPELLANT)? (HARSH EXPELLANTS ARE STRONG HERBS THAT PRODUCE PRONOUNCED DIARRHEA. USED AS DIURECTICS, PLEURISY (LU/CHEST INFLAMMATION), ASCITES (EXCESS FLUID IN PERITONEAL CAVITY)
QIAN NIU ZI (HARSH EXPELLANT)
WHAT HERB ANTAGONIZES DING XIANG (CLOVE, WARM INTERIOR)?
YU JIN (INVIGORATE BLOOD, COLD)
WHAT HERB ANTAGONIZES REN SHEN?
WU LING ZHI
WHAT HERB ANTAGONIZES ROU GUI?
CHI SHI ZHI (STABILIZE AND BINDS TO STOP CHRONIC DIARRHEA, UTERINE BLEEDING, GENERATES FLESH TO ASSIST HEALING OF CHRONIC SORES, GENTLY AUGMENTS ST QI)
WHAT IS MUTUAL INCOMPATIBILITY?
WHEN HERBS COMBINED CAUSE SIDE EFFECTS THAT NEITHER WOULD PRODUCE ON THEIR OWN.
THE FOLLOWING HERBS ARE MUTUALLY INCOMPATIBLE WITH WHAT HERB?
GAN SUI (HARSH EXPELLANT); DA JI; YUAN HUA (HARSH EXPLELLANT); HAI ZAO (COOL AND TRANSFORM PHLEGM HEAT)?
GAN CAO
WHAT'S THE FUNCTION OF THE CHIEF HERB?
SUBSTANCE THAT PROVIDES THE MAIN THERAPEUTIC THRUST
WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF THE DEPUTY?
ENHANCE OR ASSIST THE THERAPEUTIC ACTIONS OF THE CHIEF
WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF THE ASSISTANT?
TX ACCOMPANYING SYMPTOMS; MODERATE THE HARSHNESS OR TOXICITY OF THE PRIMARY HERBS; ASSIST CHIEF/DEPUTIES IN ACCOMPLISHING THEIR MAIN OBJECTIVE, PROVIDE ASSISTANCE FROM ANOTHER THERAPEUTIC DIRECTION
WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF THE ENVOY?
GUIDE THE OTHER MEDICINALS TO A SPECIFIC CHANNEL OR ORGAN OR TO EXERT A HARMONIZING EFFECT
WHAT WOULD BE THE PURPOSE OF HONEY-FRYING MA HUANG?
IT MODERATES THE DISPERSING QUALITIES (PROVIDING A TIME RELEASE FUNCTION) AND TO SLOW DOWN THE LUNG DISPERSIVE QUALITIES FOR PATIENTS WITH LUNG WEAKNESSES.
WHY WOULD ONE FRY CHAI HU WITH VINEGAR?
ENHANCE IT'S EFFECT ON THE LIVER CHANNEL (ESPECIALLY USEFUL FOR LIVER QI STAGNATION)
WHY WOULD ONE BAKE MU XIANG?
TO REDUCE ITS OIL CONTENT AND MAKE IT SUITABLE FOR TX DIARRHEA
WHY WOULD ONE FRY BAN XIA WITH SHENG JIANG?
TO MINIMIZE IT'S TOXIC PROPERTIES (MAINLY TONGUE NUMBING SIDE EFFECT)
WHAT DOES SHENG DI HUANG BECOME AFTER IT IS COOKED IN WINE AND DRIED?
SHU DI HUANG
WHAT DOES DRY-FRYING (CHAO) DO TO HERBS?
BROWNING IS USED TO DRY HERBS FOR STORAGE. IT INCREASES SPLEEN-AWAKENING, STOMACH-STRENGTHEN ACTIONS. (STIR-FRYING WITH SALT DIRECTS ACTIONS TO KIDNEYS)
WHAT DOES FRYING WITH LIQUIDS DO TO HERBS?
FRYING WITH HONEY = TONIFY AND MOISTENS HERBS; FRYING WITH VINEGAR = ENHANCES ASTRINGENT, BLOOD-INVIGORATING AND DETOXIFYING EFFECTS: FRYING WITH WIN=ENHANCES ABILITY TO CLEAR CHANNEL BLOCKAGE, EXPEL WIND, ALLEVIATE PAIN; FRYING WITH GINGER JUICE=REDUCES STOMACH UPSET
WHAT DOES CALCINING (DUAN) DO?
PLACING SUBSTANCE DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY INTO THE FLAME UNTIL IT TURNS RED HELPS TO PULVERIZE HARD SUBSTANCES LIKE MINERALS
WHAT DOES QUICK-FRYING (PAO) DO?
FRYING AT HIGH TEMPS UNTIL IT BECOMES DARK BROWN OR CRACKED HELPS REDUCE TOXICITY AND HARSHNESS
WHAT DOES DRY CURING OR BAKING (HONG OR BEI) DO?
DRYING THAT USES SLOW MILD HEAT TO AVOID CHARRING (AS USED WITH FLOWERS AND INSECTS) HELPS TO ENSURE ITS THERAPEUTIC PROPERTY
WHAT IS ROASTING IN ASHES (WEI)?
PROCESS ENTAILS WRAPPING HERBS IN MOISTENED PAPER, PASTE OR MUD AND HEATING IN HOT CINDERS
WHAT DOES STEAMING (ZHENG) DO?
STEAMING AND THEN DRYING WILL ALTER THE PROPERTIES OF VARIOUS HERBS LIKE SHENG DI HUANG TO SHU DI HUANG
WHAT TYPES OF HERBS NEED TO BE DECOCTED FIRST BEFORE THE REST OF THE HERBS?
1) TOXIC HERBS=30-45 MIN
2) MINERALS/SHELLS=10-20 MIN
3) LARGE AMOUNTS OF LIGHTWEIGHT ITEMS THAT WOULD NOT FIT WITH OTHER ITEMS (20 MIN)
WHAT TYPES OF HERBS NEED TO BE ADDED NEAR THE END OF THE DECOCTION?
AROMATIC HERBS BC IT PREVENTS THEIR VOLATILE OILS FROM WAFTING AWAY (4-5 MIN)
WHAT TYPES OF HERBS NEED TO BE PUT IN GAUZE FOR COOKING?
HERBS THAT CAN IRRITATE THE DIGESTIVE LINING (CILIA, SMALL SEEDS, MINERALS)
DEFINITIONS - CAO
WHOLE HERB
DEFINITIONS - DOU
BEAN
DEFINITIONS - DU
TOXIN, POISON
DEFINITIONS - GEN
ROOT
DEFINITIONS - GENG (JING)
STEM OR STALK OF HERB
DEFINITIONS - GOU (SHI)
FRUIT
DEFINITIONS - HUA
FLOWER
DEFINITIONS - JIAO
GLUE MADE OF ANIMAL SKIN
DEFINITIONS - PI
SKIN, PEEL, BARK, SEED CAPSULE
DEFINITIONS - REN
KERNEL
DEFINITIONS - ROU
FLESH OF FRUIT, SEED CAPSULE
DEFINITIONS - WU
FIVE
DEFINITIONS - YE
LEAF
DEFINITIONS - ZHI
TWIG
DEFINITIONS - ZI OR ZHENG ZI
SEED