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22 Cards in this Set

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The idea that organisms living today are modified descendants of common ancestors


The scientific study of life

Emergent Properties

New properties that arise with each step upward in the hierarchy of life, owing to the arrangement and interactions of parts as complexity increases

Systems Biology

The exploration of a biological system by analyzing the interactions among its parts

Eukaryotic Cell

A type of cell with a membrain enclosed nucleus and membrane enclosed organelles

Protists, Plants, Fungi, and Animals are eukaryotes

Prokaryotic Cell

A type of cell lacking a membrane enclosed nucleus and membrane enclosed organelles

Single celled microorganisms- Bacteria and Archaea are prokaryotes

DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)

Genetic material


A stretch of DNA arranged along a chromosome

Gene Expression

The entire process by which the information in a gene directs the manufacture of a cellular product


The entire "library" of genetic instructions that an organism inherits


The study of whole sets of genes in one or more species


The use of computational tools to store, organize, and analyze large amounts of data

Natural Selection

A process in which individuals that have certain inherited traits tend to survive and reproduce at higher rates than other individuals because of those traits


An approach to understanding the natural world


A search for information and explanations of natural phenomena


Items of information on which scientific inquiry is based

Inductive Reasoning

A type of logic in which generalizations are based on a large number of specific observations


A testable explanation for a set of observations based on the available data and guided by inductive reasoning

Deductive Reasoning

A type of logic in which specific results are predicted from a general premise

Controlled Experiment

An experiment in which an experimental group is compared with a control group that varies only in the factor being tested


An explanation that is broader in scope that a hypothesis, generates new hypotheses, and is supported by a large body of evidence


The application of scientific knowledge for a specific purpose