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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
5 steps of biblical interpretation
1. grasp the text in their own town
2. measure the width of the river to cross
3. cross the principlizing bridge
4. consult the biblical map
5. grasp the text in our town
step 1
grasp the text in their own town. what did the text mean to the original audience?
step 2
measure the width of the river to cross. what are the differences between the biblical audience and us?
step 3
cross the principlizing bridge. what is the theological principle in this text?
step 4
consult the biblical map. how does our theological principle fit with the rest of the bible?
step 5
grasp the text in our own town. how should individual Christians today live out the theological principles?
repetition of words
look for words and phrases that repeat
look for ideas, individuals, and/or items that are contrasted with each other. look for differences
look for ideas, individuals, and/or items that are compared with each other. look for similarities
anytime the text mentions more than two items, identify them as a list
cause and effect
look for cause and effect relationships
figures of speech
identify expressions that convey an image, using words in a sense other than the normal literal sense
notice terms that join units like, "and, but, for" note what they are connnnecting
note whether a verb is past, preset, or future tense. active or passive. and the like
identify the antecedent for each pronoun
questions and answers
note if the text is built on a question and answer format
note if the text includes dialogue. identify who is speaking and to whom.
note if a sentence indicates that something was done by means of someone/something (answers how) usually you can insert the phrase, "by means of" in the sentence
purpose/result statemnets
these are a more specific type of "means", often telling why. purpose and result are similar and sometime indistinguishable. in a purpose statement, you usually can insert the phrase, "in order that". in a cause statement you can usual insert the phrase, "so that"
general to specific and specific to general
find the general statements that are followed by specific examples or applications of the general. also find specific statements that are summarized by one general one.
conditional clause
a clause can present the condition by which some action or consequence will result. often such statements use an "if...then" framework
actions'roles of God
identify actions or roles that the texts ascribes to God
actions/roles of people
identify actions or roles that the text ascribes to people or encourages people to do/be
emotional terms
does the passage use terms that have emotional energy, like kinship words(father, son) or words like pleading?
tone of passage
what is the overall tone of the passage? happy, sad encouraging, ect...
connections to other paragraphs and episodes
how does the passage connect to the one that precedes it and the one that follows it?
shifts in the story/pivots
is the passage being used as a key to understanding a dramatic shift in the story?
does the passage shift back and forth between two scenes or characters?
does the passage have any chiastic arrangements?
does the passage open and close with similar statements or events?