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48 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are hallucinations ?
false perception in the absence of stimuli.
What are illusions?
misinterpretation of stimuli.
What is a delusion?
Not a perception, fixed idea that will not change despite evidence to the contrary
What is Visuospatial ability?
(ability to copy/draw a diagram)
How do you test Concentration & Attention?
Serial 7’s , spell backward, “what did you eat for breakfast”? **
How do you test abstract thinking?
interpret similarities, or an idiom/ saying)
What is axis 1?
the principle psychiatric disorder the pt. presented with
What is axis 2?
Any personality disorders or substance abuse that can be effecting the diagnosis in axis I
What is axis 3?
Other medical conditions
What is axis 4?
Any specific situation that could be inducing behavior
What is axis 5?
Global Assessment Functioning (GAF)
___ has highest comorbidity of any psychiatric disorder
what are the four types of PTSD symptoms?
1) Re-experiencing the event 2) Avoidance 3) Numbing and thought disturbance 4) Hyperarousal
hat is cluster A?
suspicious, odd
What are disorders in cluster A?
Paranoid, Schizoid, Schizotypal
What is cluster B?
What are disorders in cluster B?
Antisocial, borderline, histrionic, narcissistic
What is cluster C?
What are disorders in cluster C?
Avoidant, dependent, obsessive-compulsive
What is schizoid personality disorder?
Pervasive pattern of detachment from social relationships and restricted expression of emotion
What is schitzotypical personality?
A pervasive pattern of social and interpersonal deficits with reduced capacity for close relationships as well as cognitive or perceptual distortions and eccentricities of behavior
What is antisocial personality disorder?
A pervasive pattern of disregard for and violation of the rights of others occurring since the age of 15 years
What is borderline personality disorder?
Pervasive pattern of instability of interpersonal relationships, self image and affects and marked impulsivity
What is one of the most common personality disorders according to prevalence?
Borderline personality disorder
What is only treatment for borderling personality disorder?
dialect behavioral therapy
What is histrionic personality disorder?
Pervasive pattern of excessive emotionality and attention seeking
What is narcissistic personality disorder?
A pervasive pattern of grandiosity (in fantasy or behavior), need for admiration, lack of empathy
What is avoidant personality disorder?
A pervasive pattern of social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy and hypersensitivity to negative evaluation
What is dependent personality disorder?
A pervasive and excessive need to be taken care of that leads to submissive and clinging behaviors and fears of separation
What is obsessive compulsive personality disorder?
A pervasive pattern of preoccupation with orderliness, perfectionism and mental and interpersonal control at the expense of flexibility, openness
What are referential delusions?
Belief that certain gestures, comments, environmental cues are directed at oneself
What are Erotomanic delusions?
Individual falsely believes someone is in love with them
What are Nihilistic delusions?
Belief that a major catastrophe will occur
What are Somatic delusions?
Preoccupations regarding health and organ function
What is hypnagogic?
While falling asleep
What is hypnopompic?
Upon awakening
What is Avolition?
Decrease in motivated self-initiated purposeful activity
What is Alogia/
Diminished speech output
What is Anhedonia?
Decreased ability to experience pleasure from positive stimuli
What is most common type of elusional disorder?
How do you treat delusional disorder?
Atypical antipsychotic like risperidone
What is Schizophreniform disorder?
Symptoms identical to schizophrenia but shorter in duration (1-6 months)
What is Schizoaffective disorder?
Uninterrupted period of illness during which pt displays active or residual symptoms of psychotic illness and ALSO Requires presence of major mood episode (manic or depressive)
What is Anosognosia?
Poor insight
What is the most common predictor of noncompliance with treatment?
___ may be related to genetic defects in COMT
what is Hoover’s sign?
Hip extension weakness returns to normal with contralateral hip flexion against resistance
what is body dysmorphic disorder?
Preoccupation with perceived physical defects or flaws not readily apparent to others