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48 Cards in this Set

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Carte Argentine

Quelle est le min% requis pour que le cépage soit indiqué sur l'étiquette?

min.80%

Quels sont les demandes aux mentions d'âge Rerserva, Gran Reserva?

Reserva: W-min.6 months, R-min.12 months


Gran Reserva: W-min.12 months, R- min.24 months

D'après les données du millésime 2015, quels sont les 3 cépages rouges les plus plantés?

Malbec 35,05%


Bonarda 16,99%


Cabernet Sauvignon 13,81%

D'après les données du millésime 2015, quels sont les 3 cépages blancs les plus plantés?

Torrontés Riojano 19,99%


Chardonnay 15,16%


Chenin 5,40%

Quels sont les six cépages les plus plantés en argentine?

1. Malbec


2. Bonarda


3. Cabernet-Sauvignon


4. Syrah


5. Torrontés Riojano


6. Chardonnay

Quel est le croisement du Torrontés?

o ‘’Uva Negra’’ X Muscat of Alexandria (Uva de Italia)




o The first cultivation of Torrontes dates back from thetimes of the Spanish Conquerors


o Develop by the Jesuits in Mendoza in the 18thcentury

Quels sont les 3 types de Torrontés?

Torrontés Riojano (le plus qualitatif et planté)


Torrontés Sanjuanino


Torrontés Mendocino

Quel est le croisement du Torrontés Riojano?

Muscat d'Alexandrie X Criolla Chica

En quelle année et par qui le Malbec fût-il implanté en Argentine?

1852 par Michel A. Pouget

Nombre ha de Malbec planté en Argentine?

Argentina (76,603 ha)




France (13, 097)

De quel cépage français le cépage Bonarda Argentin serait-il issus?

Cépage Corbeau de Savoie

Comment le cépage Bornada est-il appelé au USA?

Charbono

Comment le cépage rouge Pais est-il appelé en Argentine et au USA?

Argentine: Criolla Chica


USA: Mission

Quels sont les DOC en Argentine? (x2)

Luyan de Cuyo DOC


San Rafael AOC

Quelles sont les trois régions de productions en Argentine?

North Region


Cuyo Region IG


Pantagonia Region IG




*Également -- Center Region (23ha, 1xIG: Córdoba Argentina IG)

Quelles sont les 3 provinces principales dans le North Region?

Salta IG


Tucumán IG


Catamarca IG




Également: Jujuy IG et Valles Calchaquies IG qui n'es pas officiellement considéré une province, car elle s'étire sur 6 provinces du North Region

La Province de Catamarca contient 4 sous-région (département), laquelle est la plus qualitative?

Tinogasta

La Province de Salta contient 4 sous-région (département), laquelle est la plus qualitative?

Cafayate Sub-Region:


o Warmclimate and cool nights


o Knownfor it’s great thermal amplitudes and his long growing season


o Highestgrape-growing region the the world (starts at 1500m to 1980m-3110m)


o Thisregion has increase 47% in size from 2001 to 2012

Quelles sont les 3 provinces principales de la région Cuyo?

La Rioja IG (3rd most producing region)
San Juan IG( 2nd most producing region)


Mendoza IG (Most producing region of Argentina)




Également: San Luis IG (83ha)

La Rioja Argentina IG contient 9 sous-régions, laquelle est considérée la plus qualitative?

Famatina Valley


- Produce mainly Torrontés


- High diurnal range


- Benefit from a North-South orientation of the Andesthat create a tunnel for dry winds


- at 800 to 1000 meters of altitude

Décrire La Rioja Argentina IG?

- Viticulture goes back to 1633 with the Jesuits


- Third largest area of production in Argentina – 17300hectares under vine


- Most of the grapes is send to the production ofinexpensive bulk wines which the majority is made by La Riojana co-operative.


- Torrontés Riojano (35% - Most planted grapes), Bonardaand Syrah

Décrire Northen Region?

- Bermejo River Bassin


- Wine-region and sub-region are composed by a string ofhigh plateau that include a system of Mountain ranges, volcanoes, drainagelagoons and salt plain.


- High thermal amplitudes with mild climate. Hailstormsare always a danger


- Semiarid climate with 200mm of rain per year and a lotof sunshine with intense winds.- Mountainous and hilly landscape

Décrire Salta province?

- Most northern wine region of Argentina- High Altitude vineyards: 1670m (5000ft.) – 2370m(7800ft.)


- The Calchaquies Valley in the Cafayate Sub-Region liesat 1750 to 3111 meters above sea level – world highest vineyard


- Torrontés is the dominant grape – Torrontés Riojanobeing the clone


- Home of the oldest winery in Argentina- Malbec, Cabernet-Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah Tannat

La province de San Juan est séparée en 5 vallées distinctes, laquelle est considérée la plus qualitative?

1. Pedernal Valley: Small but producethe best quality wines

Quelles sont le 5 vallées séparant la province de San Juan?

1. Tulum: Most important


2. Ullum: Great structure with friendly tannins3. Zonda: Developing region for quality (Calcereoussoils)


4. Pedernal: Small but producethe best quality wines


5. Calingasta: High potential region for quality




These Valleys have an annual average temperature of17°C, 90mm of rain and aluvional soils made of sand and clay.

Décrire la province de San Juan?

- Second most important wine area in Argentina(47 000 ha), 21% of Argentina’s wine production.


- Account for 15% of production


- High Potential for Syrah – Pedernal, Zonda andCalingasta Valley


- Area made from three transverse valleys that rangefrom 650 to 1400 meters


- Hotter and more arid conditions than Mendoza

La région de Mendoza est divisée en 5 grandes sous-régions, lesquelles?

Uco Valley IG


Northern Mendoza


Eastern Mendoza


Central Mendoza


Southern Mendoza

Quels sont les Department IG de Uco Valley IG? (x3)

Tupungato IG (Best for quality - High altitude)


Tunuyán IG


San Carlos IG

Quel district de San Carlos IG est le plus qualitatif?

La Consulta IG District

Décrire Uco Valley?

Uco Valley (South-WestMendoza):
- 1000 1450 meters – Highest vineyards in Mendoza. Altitudeallow a good acidity in those wines and reds have the best potential of ageingin all Mendoza
- Mild weather, winters are severe and summers are warmwith cool nights 14.2°C average temperature
o Thermal amplitude lingers around 15° C, creatingintense color and tannic structure in grapes. It is an ideal spot to elaboratewines with aging potential.
- Soils: Alluvial, sandy or rocky and therefore possessexcellent permeability and drainage.- 25 000 ha of vines
- Chardonnay, Torrontés, Sauvignon Blanc, Malbec (44%), Cabernet-Sauvignon,Merlot, Tempranillo

Quels sont les Departments IG de Eastern Mendoza? (x5)

Junin IG


Rivadavia IG


San Martin IG


La Paz IG


Santa Rosa IG

Décrire Eastern Mendoza?

- 5xdepartement: SanMartín, Rivadavia, Junín, Santa Rosa and La Paz


- **Argentina’s largest wine producing region(70 000ha)** -- BULK WINES


- Plain viticulture in lower altitude (650-700m) withhigh sunshine and lower diurnal range – Vigourous vines


- Main grapes are Criolla Grande, Cereza, Pedro Giménez, Torrontés, Bonarda, Moscatel Rosado, Malbec andCabernet Sauvignon

Quels sont les Department IG à Southern Mendoza? (x3)

San Rafael DOC: Best Quality
General Alvear IG
Malargüe IG

Quels sont les Department IG à Central Mendoza? (x3)

Godoy Cruz IG


Luján deCuyo IG/DOC


Maipú IG

Quels sont les district IG de Luján deCuyo IG/DOC? (x4)

Vistalba IG


Las Compuertas IG


Perdriel IG


Agrelo IG (Best)

Décrire Vistalba district IG?

(Luján de Cuyo North-West)


- Means “view of the suns”


- Combination of high altitude and high sunlightexposure


- Dry climate with warm summers and cold winters

Décrire Las Compuertas district IG

(Luján de Cuyo North)


- Located at the edge of the Andes in Luján de Cuyo


- One of the coolest area of the Mendoza region


- Dry climate with good access to water storage due tohis proximity to the andes

Décrire Perdriel district IG?

(Luján de Cuyo Middle)


- One of the oldest vineyards located in Luján de Cuyo, at the foothills ofthe Andes


- High altitude vineyards (900m) with intense sunlight


- Free drainage soils: Loam with gravel and clay

Décrire Agrelo district IG?

(Luján de Cuyo South):


- One of the most distinguished microregion located in Luján de Cuyo, at the foothills ofthe Andes


- Soils are alluvial (sediment of sand/silt/clay)


- As being close to the mountains, this district enjoyshigh diurnal range. Vineyards are on slopes where they can enjoy intensesunlight while being in high altitude (1000m)


- Alto Agrelo is a microregioninside Agrelo District

Décrire Luján de Cuyo departement DOC?

- 900 to 1100 meters


- In the foothills of the Andes


- South-west of Mendoza


- Dr Nicolas Catena – In the 1980s, he collected andstored the vast clonal populations of Malbec and planted experimental clones inseveral regions


- Large population of ungrafted old Malbec vines andprovides much of the soft, round and sweet spice in the Malbec profile whenblended.

Quels sont les districts IG de Maipú departement IG? (x2)

Barrancas district IG (Maipú East)


Ugarteche district IG (Maipú South)

Décrire Barrancas district IG?

(Maipú East)


- Slight warmer wheater


- The arid weather is cooled down by the effects of thealtitude and intense sunlight exposure during the day.


- Soils are deep and alluvial

Décrire Maipú departement IG?

- East of Lujan de Cuyo


- Lower altitude vineyards – 600 to 750 meters- Important source of old vine fruit


- Syrah, Malbec, Cabernet-Sauvignon


- Production dominated by large old wineries- The eastern, lower part of Maipu provides much of thebulk wine


- Source of old Bonarda and Tempranillo

Quelles sont les provinces de la Patagonie?

La Pampa


Rio Negro


Neuquén




*New Chubut*

Décrire Patagonie?

- Most Southerly wine region


- Cool climate and excellent potential for Pinot Noir,Chardonnay, Riesling, Muscat, Malbec and others


- Cool/Warm climate (15-16°C) with cold night andintense drought


- Region with rich water supply: RiversLimay, Neuquén and Negro


- Wide thermal amplitude can be reach at low altitude,mix with the strong winds of Pantagonia, the grapes tend to develop a thickerskin – The wines have bigger anthocyanin compound, so they are more colored.

Décrire Rio Negro province?

- Sauvignon Blanc, Pinot Noir, Malbec, Merlot
- Wines are strong on structure and character withchewier and drier tannins than in Mendoza
- The high valley of Rio Negro is 120 km long, 8 kmlarge, 360 meters of altitude
- Latitude is the cooling influence
- Strongs winds from the southern Andes provide achallenge for wine growers but the low rainfall (150mm) and the wide diurnalrange provide very clean and sanitary conditions for high quality concentratedwines.

Décrire Neuquén province?

- New wine region, Young vine


- 400m altitude, HIGH diurnal range (20°C between daysand nights), LOW rainfall (18cm)o All these features come together to ensure extremelyhealthy grapes with great concentration of colors and aromas, slowly developingtannins and perfect levels of acidity, which will then yield high quality wines.


o The wines of the region display remarkable colorconcentration, intensely fruity aromas, and great body and structure in alltheir varieties. The cooler climate leads to more elegant red wines, such asthe great Pinot Noir.


- Pinot Noir, Sauvignon Blanc, Torrontés, Pedro Gimenez,Malbec and Merlot